Raising performance with specialty components - Highlight

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Raising performance with specialty components - Highlight

  1. 1. Advanced Materials Raising performance with specialty components Quarter 1, 2015
  2. 2. Advanced Materials 2 Table of contents High performance epoxy resins Araldite® MY 790 Distilled BPA resin - Lowest viscosity among BPA resins Tactix® 556 Specialty Phenol Novolac resin - Low moisture absorption Araldite® MY 0610 Distilled TGMAP - Low viscosity, high modulus and Tg Tactix® 742 Tri-functional epoxy resin - Highest temperature resistance Araldite® MY 0816 Naphthalene based epoxy resin - Liquid, bi-functional and high Tg Specialty hardeners and accelerators Aradur® 1571 Latent curing agent in dispersion - Easier processing Aradur® 9506 Latent hardener - Outstanding latency at RT Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Latent accelerators - Easily dispersible Tougheners and flexibilizers Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Specialty epoxy resins - Improved elongation Araldite® LY 1108 Liquid epoxy rubber adduct - Easy processing, adhesion promoter Flexibilizer DY 965 Special PU adduct - Synergistic effect with epoxy-rubber adducts Tactix® 695 Single phase toughened and self reactive epoxy resin Resin XU 3508 Multi-phase toughened epoxy resin Matrimid® 5218 Soluble thermoplastic Polyimide - Very high Tg and toughening effect Benzoxazine resins Araldite® MT 35600, MT 35710 FST Benzoxazine resins - Mechanical and flame resistance
  3. 3. Advanced Materials 3 Araldite® MY 790 Next product > Distilled BPA resin - Lowest viscosity among BPA resins High performance epoxy resins < Table of content
  4. 4. Advanced Materials 4 Araldite® MY 790 Description !! Distilled Bisphenol–A epoxy resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear liquid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 169 – 178 g/Eq !! Viscosity at 25°C: 4 400 – 5 600 mPa.s Main features !! Distilled product !! Lowest viscosity within the Bisphenol–A epoxy range Applications and benefits !! Recommended for applications and processes requiring low viscosity such as filament winding, infusion, resin transfer molding !! Similar Tg as standard liquid Bisphenol–A epoxy resins < Table of content Next product >High performance epoxy resins
  5. 5. Advanced Materials 5 Araldite® MY 790 Associated products Product Description Viscosity at 25°C Epoxy equivalent weight Unit mPa.s g/Eq Araldite® PY 306 Distilled Bis–F epoxy resin 1 200 - 1 600 156 - 167 Tactix® 123* Distilled Bis–A epoxy resin 4 400 - 5 600 172 - 176 < Table of content Next product >High performance epoxy resins * Aero grade
  6. 6. Advanced Materials 6 Araldite® MY 790 Comparison between distilled resins and standard resins Viscosity at 23°C (mPa.s) < Table of content Next product >High performance epoxy resins Viscosity at 23°C (mPa.s)
  7. 7. Advanced Materials 7 Araldite® MY 790 Comparison between distilled resins and standard resins Epoxy equivalent weight (g/Eq) < Table of content Next product >High performance epoxy resins Epoxy equivalent weight (g/Eq)
  8. 8. Advanced Materials 8 Tactix® 556 Next product >High performance epoxy resins Specialty Phenol Novolac resin - Low moisture absorption < Previous product< Table of content
  9. 9. Advanced Materials 9 Tactix® 556 Description !! Dicyclopentadiene based epoxy novolac Typical characteristics !! Aspect: amber to dark, semi-solid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 215 - 240 g/Eq !! Softening point: 53°C !! Viscosity at 85°C: 1 000 - 1 500 mPa.s !! Hydrolysable chlorine: 0 - 300 ppm Main features !! Hydrophobic backbone !! Melts at medium temperature Applications and benefits !! Lower moisture absorption than many multifunctional epoxies commonly used in advanced composites !! Equivalent glass transition temperatures in dry conditions as standard epoxy novolac resins !! Tactix® 556 resin is ideal for new use where retention of properties under hot and wet conditions is critical Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  10. 10. Advanced Materials 10 Tactix® 556 Associated products Product Description Epoxy equivalent weight Softening point Hydrolysable chlorine Unit g/Eq °C ppm Tactix® 756 Dicyclopentadiene based epoxy novolac 250 – 274 78 – 90 0 – 100 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  11. 11. Advanced Materials 11 Tactix® 556 Ultimate Tg and water absorption Cured with DDS Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with 4,4’-DDS
  12. 12. Advanced Materials 12 Tactix® 556 Ultimate Tg and G1C Cured with DICY Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Cured with DICY Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C - Tg measured via DMA (G’ Onset)
  13. 13. Advanced Materials 13 Araldite® MY 0610 Next product >High performance epoxy resins Purified TGMAP - Low viscosity, high modulus and Tg < Previous product< Table of content
  14. 14. Advanced Materials 14 Araldite® MY 0610 Description !! Purified triglycidylether of meta-amino phenol !! Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear liquid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 94 – 102 g/Eq !! Viscosity at 25°C: 1 500 – 4 800 mPa.s !! Hydrolysable chlorine: 0 – 2 000 ppm Main features !! Liquid !! High monomer content and high purity !! Non symmetrical backbone !! Good solvent for Polyethersulfone Applications and benefits !! Facilitate processing, especially of PES toughened compositions !! Higher stability (reactivity) than non distilled version !! Provides higher modulus than p-amino phenol based resins !! Provides higher toughness than p-amino phenol based resins !! Provides similar level of glass transition temperature Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  15. 15. Advanced Materials 15 Araldite® MY 0610 Associated products Product Description Viscosity at 25°C Epoxy equivalent weight Unit mPa.s g/Eq Araldite® MY 0600 Triglycidylether of meta-aminophenol (TGMAP) 7 000 – 13 000 101 – 111 Araldite® MY 0500 Triglycidylether of para-aminophenol (TGPAP) 2 000 – 5 000 100 – 115 Araldite® MY 0510 Triglycidylether of para-aminophenol (TGPAP) purified grade 550 – 850 96 – 106 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  16. 16. Advanced Materials 16 Araldite® MY 0610 Comparison between TGPAP and TGMAP Cured with DDS Flexural modulus and strength (MPa) Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS - Water absorption after 48h in boiling water Cure cycle : 0.5h at 80°C + 0.5h at 100°C + 1.5h at 120°C + 2h at 180°C
  17. 17. Advanced Materials 17 Araldite® MY 0610 Comparison between TGPAP and TGMAP Cured with DDS Glass transition temperature - Tg DMA (°C) Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS - Water absorption after 48h in boiling water Cure cycle : 0.5h at 80°C + 0.5h at 100°C + 1.5h at 120°C + 2h at 180°C
  18. 18. Advanced Materials 18 Araldite® MY 0610 Comparison between TGPAP, TGMAP and TGMDA Cured with DDS Glass transition temperature (°C) and modulus (MPa) Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS Cure cycle : 0.5h at 80°C + 0.5h at 100°C + 1.5h at 120°C + 2h at 180°C
  19. 19. Advanced Materials 19 Araldite® MY 0610 Comparison with DGEBA Cured with DDS Glass transition temperature (°C) by DMA Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Cured with DDS Glass transition temperature (°C) by DMA Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS Cure cycle : 0.5h at 80°C + 0.5h at 100°C + 1.5h at 120°C + 2h at 180°C
  20. 20. Advanced Materials 20 Araldite® MY 0610 Ultimate Tg and water absorption Cured with DICY Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C - Tg measured via DMA (G’ Onset) Cured with DICY
  21. 21. Advanced Materials 21 Tactix® 742 Next product >High performance epoxy resins Tri-functional epoxy resin - Highest temperature resistance < Previous product< Table of content
  22. 22. Advanced Materials 22 Tactix® 742 Description !! Tris-(hydroxyl phenyl) methane-based epoxy Typical characteristics !! Aspect: yellow, semi-solid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 150 - 170 g/Eq !! Softening point: 45 - 55°C !! Viscosity at 100°C: 700 - 800 mPa.s !! Hydrolysable chlorine: 0 - 500 ppm Main features !! Tri-functional !! Symmetrical and rigid backbone !! Large distance between epoxy reactive groups Applications and benefits !! Provides very high glass transition temperatures !! Most commonly used in adhesive and composite formulation, especially for parts and components near high-heat zones Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  23. 23. Advanced Materials 23 Tactix® 742 Associated products Product Description Aspect Epoxy equivalent weight Hydrolysable chlorine Unit g/Eq ppm XB 4399-3 Tetrafunctional epoxy resin Brown flaked, solid 19 000 – 21 000 mPa.s at 120°C 213 – 244 300 – 1 100 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  24. 24. Advanced Materials 24 Tactix® 742 Tg comparison - Ultimate Tg DMA Cured with DDS Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS Cure cycle : 3h at 180°C + 2h at 230°C Cured with DDS
  25. 25. Advanced Materials 25 Tactix® 742 Molecular structure comparison Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content O O O O O O Tactix® 742 O O OO OO OO XB 4399-3
  26. 26. Advanced Materials 26 Araldite® MY 0816 Next product >High performance epoxy resins Naphthalene based epoxy resin - Liquid, bi-functional and high Tg < Previous product< Table of content
  27. 27. Advanced Materials 27 Araldite® MY 0816 Description !! 1,6 – naphthalene diepoxy Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear, red liquid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 133 – 154 g/eq !! Viscosity at 25°C: 25 000 – 80 000 mPa.s !! Viscosity at 50°C: 1500 – 2500 mPa.s !! Hydrolysable chlorine: 0 – 2 000 ppm Main features !! Low viscosity !! Di functional !! Flat rigid core facilitating multimolecular association leading to highly compact network !! Strong aromatic character and low polarity backbone Applications and benefits !! Easy processing (liquid), helps to control tack !! Provides higher glass transition temperatures than Bisphenol-A epoxy resins !! Contributes to toughness improvement via reduction of cross-linking density !! Lower contribution to water uptake compared to other high performance resins Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content
  28. 28. Advanced Materials Araldite® MY 0816 Neat resin properties Cured with DICY * 28 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content *Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C Araldite® PY 306 Araldite® MY 790 Araldite® MY 0816 Mix viscosity at 80°C 270 mPa.s 170 mPa.s 130 mPa.s Tg DMA onset 104°C 122°C 170°C Flexural modulus / strength 3400 / 135 MPa 3000 / 115 MPa 3500 / 75 MPa K1C 0.85 MPa!m 0.7 MPa!m 0.7 MPa!m G1C 240 J/m2 170 J/m2 170 J/m2
  29. 29. Advanced Materials Araldite® MY 0816 Neat resin properties Cured with DDS * 29 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content *Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS, 2h at 150°C + 4h at 180°C + 2h at 200°C Stoichiometric cure with 100 parts dicyandiamide hardener / 46 parts TDI-Uron - Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C **Wet = 1 month in boiling water - N.M.: not measured Araldite® MY 721 Araldite® MY 0816 4,4’-DDS DICY / TDI-Uron 4,4’-DDS DICY / TDI-Uron Viscosity at 80°C 260 mPa.s 490 mPa.s 110 mPa.s 130 mPa.s Tg DMA onset dry / wet** 260 / 250 °C 241°C / N.M. 223 / 220 °C 170°C / N.M. " Tg dry / wet 10 °C N.M. 3 °C N.M. Flexural modulus / strength 3 575 / 146 MPa 3100 / 50 MPa 3 550 / 140 MPa 3500 / 75 MPa K1C 0.6 MPa!m 0.5 MPa!m 0.8 MPa!m 0.7 MPa!m G1C 85 J/m2 92 J/m2 145 J/m2 172 J/m2
  30. 30. Advanced Materials Araldite® MY 0816 Ultimate Tg and water absorption Cured with DICY 30 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C - Tg measured via DMA (G’ Onset) Cured with DICY
  31. 31. Advanced Materials Araldite® MY 0816 Ultimate Tg and G1C Cured with DICY 31 Next product >High performance epoxy resins < Previous product< Table of content Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C - Tg measured via DMA (G’ Onset) Cured with DICY
  32. 32. Advanced Materials 32 Aradur® 1571 Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators Latent curing agent in dispersion - Easier processing < Previous product< Table of content
  33. 33. Advanced Materials 33 Aradur® 1571 Description !! Dispersion of dicyandiamide in liquid epoxy resins Typical characteristics !! Aspect: white viscous paste !! Viscosity at 25°C: 28 000 – 40 000 mPa.s !! Dicyandiamide content: 28% bw Main features !! Dicyandiamide particle size: 98% < 10 !m !! Accurate and consistent content of dicyandiamide !! Complies with �one component� transportation constraints Applications and benefits !! Eliminate manipulation of dicyandiamide in powder form !! Eliminate the need for heavy dispersion equipments !! Homogeneous, agglomerate-free dispersion !! Easy to manipulate and introduce in epoxy resins formulations Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  34. 34. Advanced Materials 34 Aradur® 1571 Associated products Product Description Aspect Viscosity at 25°C Unit mPa.s Accelerator 1573 Dispersion of solid accelerator in liquid epoxy resin TDI-Uron based White viscous paste 60 000 – 90 000 Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  35. 35. Advanced Materials 35 Aradur® 1571 Aradur® 1571 and Accelerator 1573 Typical particle size characteristics measured by laser diffraction (dilution in MEK) d(0.X) * d(0.1) d(0.5) d(0.9) Aradur® 1571 1.3 - 1.4 3.9 - 4.1 7.7 - 7.9 Accelerator 1573 0.9 - 1.1 2.9 - 3.1 6.0 - 6.2 Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content *d(0.X) : X% of the particles have a diameter below d(0.X)
  36. 36. Advanced Materials 36 Aradur® 1571 Typical particle size distribution of Aradur® 1571 (% volume) Light diffraction - dilution in MEK Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  37. 37. Advanced Materials 37 Aradur® 9506 Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators Latent hardener - Outstanding latency at RT < Previous product< Table of content Latent hardener - Outstanding latency at RT
  38. 38. Advanced Materials 38 Aradur® 9506 Description !! Cyclic polyamidoamine Typical characteristics !! Aspect: pale yellow fine powder !! Particle size : < 70 microns !! Melting point: ~105°C !! Amine equivalent weight : 65-70 g/eq Main features !! Free flowing and fine powder !! Very low solubility in epoxy resins at RT Applications and benefits !! Easily dispersible in liquid resins !! Outstanding latency at 25°C !! High reactivity at temperature > 100°C !! Recommended as latent curing agent for epoxy based adhesives Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  39. 39. Advanced Materials Aradur® 9506 Latency comparison vs. Aradur® 1571 and XB 3473 Gel time at different temperature 39 100 parts Araldite® MY 790 + 40 parts Aradur® 9506 or 25 parts Aradur® 1571 / 3 parts accelerator 1573 or 25 parts hardener XB 3473 Gel time measured with Gelnorm® Gel time at different temperature Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  40. 40. Advanced Materials Aradur® 9506 Kinetic comparison vs. Aradur® 1571 Time to reach 90 % conversion at different temperature 40 Time to reach 90 % conversion at different temperature 100 parts Araldite® MY 790 + 40 parts Aradur® 9506 or 25 parts Aradur® 1571 / 3 parts accelerator 1573 Conversion measured with DSC (isotherm) Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  41. 41. Advanced Materials 41 Aradur® 9506 Kinetic comparison vs. Aradur® 1571 Conversion and Tg vs. time of cure at 110°C Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content 100 parts Araldite® MY 790 + 40 parts Aradur® 9506 or 25 parts Aradur® 1571 / 3 parts accelerator 1573 Tg onset measured via DSC Conversion and Tg vs. time of cure at 110°C
  42. 42. Advanced Materials 42 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators Latent accelerators - Easily dispersible < Previous product< Table of content
  43. 43. Advanced Materials 43 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Aradur® 1167 Description !! Modified amino-phenolic accelerator Typical characteristics !! Aspect: fine powder !! Particle size: < 200 microns !! Softening point: ~90-100°C Main features !! Free flowing and fine powder !! Low solubility in epoxy resins at RT Applications and benefits !! Easily dispersible in liquid resins !! Recommended as very latent accelerator for heat curing epoxy resins (anhydride or amine hardeners) Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  44. 44. Advanced Materials 44 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Aradur® 3123 Description !! Substituted imidazole accelerator Typical characteristics !! Aspect: white fine powder !! Particle size: < 50 microns !! Melting point: ~210°C !! Volatile matter: 0.0 – 0.5% Main features !! Free flowing and fine powder !! Low solubility in epoxy resins and solvents at RT Applications and benefits !! Easily dispersible in liquid resins !! Recommended as latent catalytic curing agent for liquid epoxy resins or as latent accelerator for anhydride or amine cured epoxy resins Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  45. 45. Advanced Materials 45 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerators for DICY cure: Aradur® 3123 and Aradur® 1167 Time to reach 90% conversion at different temperature 100 parts Araldite® GY 250 (BisA-diglycidyl ether) + 25 parts Aradur® 1571 (DICY paste) + 6 parts accelerator Conversion measured with DSC (isotherm) Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  46. 46. Advanced Materials 46 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerators for DICY cure: TDI-Uron and Aradur® 1167 Kinetics - Gel time measured at 80°C Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron or DICY hardener / Aradur® 1167 (100/46 pbw) Gel time measured with Gelnorm® Kinetics - Gel time measured at 80°C Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  47. 47. Advanced Materials 47 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerators for DICY cure: TDI-Uron and Aradur® 1167 Kinetics - Gel time measured at 120°CKinetics - Gel time measured at 120°C Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron or DICY hardener / Aradur® 1167 (100/46 pbw) Gel time measured with Gelnorm® Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  48. 48. Advanced Materials 48 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerators for DICY cure: TDI-Uron and Aradur® 1167 Ultimate Tg and flexural modulus Stoichiometric cure with DICY hardener / TDI-Uron or DICY hardener / Aradur® 1167 (100/46 pbw) Cure profile: 2h at 100°C + 2h at 150°C + 2h at 220°C - Tg measured via DMA (G’ Onset) Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content Ultimate Tg and flexural modulus
  49. 49. Advanced Materials 49 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerators for anhydride cure: Aradur® 3123 and Aradur® 1167 Latency comparison vs. methyl imidazole Viscosity build-up, time to reach 1 000 Pa.s 100 parts Araldite® GY 250 (BisA-diglycidyl ether) + 90 parts Aradur® 917 (MTHPA) + 3 parts accelerator Viscosity build-up measured with plate / plate dynamic viscosimeter Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  50. 50. Advanced Materials 50 Aradur® 1167, Aradur® 3123 Accelerator for homopolymerization: Aradur® 3123 Reactivity of Araldite® GY 250 / Aradur® 3123 Time to 90% conversion at different curing temperatures 6.0 pbw of Aradur® 3123 in 100 parts of epoxy resin Next product >Specialty hardeners and accelerators < Previous product< Table of content
  51. 51. Advanced Materials 51 Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Next product >< Previous product< Table of content Specialty epoxy resins - Improved elongation Tougheners and flexibilizers
  52. 52. Advanced Materials 52 Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Araldite® CY 184 Description !! Cycloaliphatic epoxy resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear liquid !! Epoxy index: 5.8 – 6.1 Eq/kg !! Viscosity at 25°C: 700 – 900 mPa.s Main features !! Low viscosity !! Good UV resistance and high elongation !! High glass temperature !! High modulus Applications and benefits !! Recommended for applications and processes requiring low viscosity !! Alternative to standard aliphatic reactive diluent if Tg needs to be maintained Next product >< Previous product< Table of contentTougheners and flexibilizers
  53. 53. Advanced Materials 53 Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Araldite® PY 4122 Description !! Internally flexibilized epoxy resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear liquid !! Epoxy index: 2.6 – 3.2 Eq/kg !! Viscosity at 25°C: 700 – 1400 mPa.s Main features !! Low viscosity !! Very high elongation !! Water absorption similar to Bis-A epoxy resin Applications and benefits !! Recommended for applications and processes requiring low viscosity !! Reactive flexibilizer, efficient under low to medium service temperatures !! Proposed for adhesives, composite and any other formulation when low water absorption must be maintained Next product >< Previous product< Table of contentTougheners and flexibilizers
  54. 54. Advanced Materials 54 Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Mix viscosity, modulus and elongation Araldite® epoxy resin + Aradur® 20315 mixed at stoichiometry Cure profile: 1h at 80°C + 1h at 120°C + 1h at 150°C Next product >< Previous product< Table of contentTougheners and flexibilizers
  55. 55. Advanced Materials 55 Araldite® CY 184, Araldite® PY 4122 Ultimate Tg and water absorption Araldite® epoxy resin + Aradur® 20315 mixed at stoichiometry Cure profile: 1h at 80°C + 1h at 120°C + 1h at 150°C Next product >< Previous product< Table of contentTougheners and flexibilizers
  56. 56. Advanced Materials 56 Araldite® LY 1108 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Liquid epoxy rubber adduct - Easy processing, adhesion promotor < Previous product< Table of content
  57. 57. Advanced Materials 57 Araldite® LY 1108 Description !! Modified CTBN / Bisphenol-F epoxy adduct !! Typical characteristics !! Aspect: reddish brown liquid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 269 - 301 g/Eq !! Viscosity at 25°C: 22 - 51 Pa.s !! Rubber content: ~ 30% Main features !! Liquid !! Low viscosity at RT !! Contains special modificator within the polymer chain Applications and benefits !! Easy processing/incorporation !! Reactive toughener, efficient under low to medium service temperatures !! Proposed for adhesives, composite and any other formulation when high glass transition temperature is not a must !! Co-reacted modificator contributes to adhesion improvement, especially on contaminated surfaces and also helps in corrosion resistance Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  58. 58. Advanced Materials 58 Araldite® LY 1108 Associated products Product Description Epoxy equivalent weight Viscosity Rubber content Unit g/Eq Pa.s % Araldite® LY 1146 Modified CTBN / Bis-A epoxy adduct 833 – 1 116 350 – 1 100 at 25°C ~ 40 Araldite® LY 1115 CTBN / Bis-F epoxy adduct 238 – 250 250 – 400 at 25°C ~ 20 Araldite® LY 1134 CTBN / Bis-A epoxy adduct 286 – 323 200 – 500 at 40°C ~ 20 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  59. 59. Advanced Materials 59 Araldite® LY 1108 Araldite® CTBN- epoxy adducts Main characteristics comparison Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  60. 60. Advanced Materials 60 Araldite® LY 1108 Araldite® CTBN- epoxy adducts Elongation of 1K- epoxy adhesive Effect of CTBN- epoxy adducts type Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content Reference: epoxy resin formulated with Flexibilizer DY 965, cured with DICY hardener - contains no CTBN- epoxy adducts 27% content of CTBN- epoxy adduct
  61. 61. Advanced Materials 61 Araldite® LY 1108 Araldite® CTBN- epoxy adducts Mechanical and thermal properties of 1K- epoxy resin Effect of CTBN- epoxy adducts type Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content Reference: epoxy resin formulated with Flexibilizer DY 965, cured with DICY hardener - contains no CTBN- epoxy adducts 27% content of CTBN- epoxy adduct Lap shear strength: Curing: 30 min at 180°C - Substrate : aluminum sandblasted - Soaking time : 15 min - 5 samples measured at 23ºC
  62. 62. Advanced Materials 62 Flexibilizer DY 965 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Special PU adduct - Synergistic effect with epoxy-rubber adducts < Previous product< Table of content
  63. 63. Advanced Materials 63 Flexibilizer DY 965 Description !! Phenol terminated polyurethane adduct Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear yellow / brownish viscous liquid !! Hydroxyl eq.: 1.00 – 1.15 Eq/Kg !! Viscosity at 40°C: 440 – 1300 Pa.s Main features !! Toughening and flexibilizing effect !! Adhesion promoter !! Reactive through OH groups !! High compatibility with epoxy resins and various solvents !! Liquid Applications and benefits !! Preparation of high impact resistant epoxy resin compositions (composite and adhesives) !! Improvement of adhesion on metals, especially for low temperature applications !! Easy processing (incorporation) Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  64. 64. Advanced Materials 64 Flexibilizer DY 965 Associated products Product Description Hydroxy equivalent Viscosity Araldite® DY 1186 Phenol terminated polyether adduct 1.4 - 2.0 Eq/Kg 5600 – 8400 mPa.s at 25°C Flexibilizer XB 3333 Phenol terminated polyurethane adduct 1.0 - 1.2 Eq/Kg 400 – 1300 Pa.s at 40°C Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  65. 65. Advanced Materials 65 Flexibilizer DY 965 Toughening / flexibilizing effect of Flexibilizer DY 965 in Tactix® 556 / Aradur® 9664-1 Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS - Water absorption after 48h in boiling water Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  66. 66. Advanced Materials 66 Flexibilizer DY 965 Effect of Flexibilizer DY 965 on peel strength 2K-epoxy adhesive, aluminum substrate Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  67. 67. Advanced Materials 67 Flexibilizer DY 965 Viscosity and elongation of 1K- epoxy adhesive Effect of flexibilizer DY 965, XB 3333 and Araldite® DY 1186 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content Epoxy resin formulated with Flexibilizer (10 wt%) and CTBN- epoxy adduct (27 wt%), cured with DICY hardener Curing: 30 min at 150ºC + 30 min at 160ºC
  68. 68. Advanced Materials 68 Flexibilizer DY 965 Thermal and mechanical properties of 1K- epoxy adhesive Effect of flexibilizer DY 965, XB 3333 and Araldite® DY 1186 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content Epoxy resin formulated with Flexibilizer (10 wt%) and CTBN- epoxy adduct (27 wt%), cured with DICY hardener Flexural modulus: Curing: 30 min at 150ºC + 30 min at 160ºC Lap shear strength: Curing: 30 min at 180°C - Substrate : aluminum sandblasted - Soaking time : 15 min - 5 samples measured at 23ºC
  69. 69. Advanced Materials 69 Flexibilizer DY 965 Behavior of Flexibilizer + conventional nitril rubbers Lap shear strength at different temperature Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content Reference: Epoxy resin formulated with 27% conventional nitril rubbers, cured with DICY hardener Epoxy resins formulated with 27% conventional nitril rubbers and 10% flexibilizers Curing: 30 min at 180°C - Substrate : aluminum sandblasted - Soaking time : 15 min - 5 samples
  70. 70. Advanced Materials 70 Flexibilizer DY 965 Synergistic behavior of Flexibilizer DY 965 + conventional nitril rubbers T-Peel (N/mm) Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  71. 71. Advanced Materials 71 Flexibilizer DY 965 Synergistic behavior of Flexibilizer DY 965 + conventional nitril rubbers G1C (KJ/m2) Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  72. 72. Advanced Materials 72 Conventional nitril rubber based tougheners Flexibilizer DY 965 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Product Description Epoxy equivalent weight Viscosity Rubber content Unit g/Eq Pa.s % Araldite® LY 1108 Modified CTBN / Bis-F epoxy adduct 269 - 301 22 - 51 at 25°C ~ 30 Araldite® LY 1146 Modified CTBN / Bis-A epoxy adduct 833 - 1 116 350 - 1 100 at 25°C ~ 40 Araldite® LY 1115 CTBN / Bis-F epoxy adduct 238 - 250 250 - 400 at 25°C ~ 20 Araldite® LY 1134 CTBN / Bis-A epoxy adduct 286 - 323 200 - 500 at 40°C ~ 20 < Previous product< Table of content
  73. 73. Advanced Materials 73 Tactix® 695 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Single phase toughened and self reactive epoxy resin < Previous product< Table of content
  74. 74. Advanced Materials 74 Tactix® 695 Description !! Single phase toughened epoxy resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: clear semi-solid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 330 - 420 g/Eq !! Viscosity at 70°C: 1500 – 5500 mPa.s !! Shelf life at 5°C: 1 year Main features !! Single has in-situ toughened epoxy resin !! Contains a proprietary blocked catalyst !! Catalyst is irreversibly unblocked at 80°C or above Applications and benefits !! Can be used alone or as an additive to other resin systems to increase toughness !! Outstanding fracture toughness along with thermal and mechanical properties of standard epoxy resins !! Equilibrium moisture absorption about 1/3 to 1/2 of standard resins !! Suggested for highly damage-tolerant composites or high peel strength adhesive applications Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  75. 75. Advanced Materials 75 Tactix® 695 Typical DSC trace Method: 10°C/min Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  76. 76. Advanced Materials 76 Tactix® 695 Viscosity increase at 80°C Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  77. 77. Advanced Materials 77 Tactix® 695 Typical matrix properties Stoichiometric cure with 4,4'-DDS Gel time at 150°C 75 min Tg DMA onset dry 160°C Moisture absorption, 14 days in boiling water 1.4 % Flexural modulus 3 100 MPa Tensile modulus 3 070 MPa Tensile elongation at break 6 % Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  78. 78. Advanced Materials 78 Resin XU 3508 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Multi-phase toughened epoxy resin < Previous product< Table of content
  79. 79. Advanced Materials 79 Resin XU 3508 Description !! Toughened epoxy resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: white liquid !! Epoxy equivalent weight: 191 - 206 g/Eq !! Viscosity at 25°C: 11 000 – 20 000 mPa.s Main features !! Similar viscosity as standard liquid Bisphenol-A based epoxy resins !! Similar epoxy equivalent weight range !! Unique multi-phase toughening technology Applications and benefits !! Can replace totally or partly standard liquid Bisphenol-A based epoxy resins !! Increasing toughness characteristics (K1C, G1C) by factor greater than 2 !! Without decrease in glass transition temperature Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  80. 80. Advanced Materials 80 Resin XU 3508 Comparison to standard liquid Bisphenol-A based epoxy resins Viscosity and epoxy equivalent weight Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  81. 81. Advanced Materials 81 Resin XU 3508 Comparison to standard liquid Bisphenol-A based epoxy resins Araldite® GY 250 XU 3508 Araldite® GY 250 XU 3508 + Aradur® 22962 (Amine based hardener) + Aradur® 917 + Accelerator DY 070 (Anhydride based hardener + accelerator) Mixed viscosity at RT 1800 - 2000 1900 - 2100 600 - 900 700 - 1000 Cure cycle 15 min at 120°C + 2h at 150°C 4h at 80°C + 8h at 140°C Tg DSC °C 155 150 150 140 Flexural strength MPa 130 - 136 120 - 135 130 - 150 140 - 150 Elongation at break % 7.5 - 10.0 8.0 - 10.0 7.0 - 8.5 5.7 - 6.7 K1C MPa.m1/2 0.68 - 0.78 0.95 - 1.15 0.56 – 0.60 0.85 - 0.95 G1C J/m2 140 - 175 340 - 380 88 - 96 210 - 240 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  82. 82. Advanced Materials 82 Matrimid® 5218 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers Soluble thermoplastic Polyimide - Very high Tg and toughening effect < Previous product< Table of content
  83. 83. Advanced Materials 83 Matrimid® 5218 Description !! Thermoplastic Polyimide polymer based on 5(6)-amino-1-(4' aminophenyl)-1,3,-trimethylindane Typical characteristics !! Aspect: yellow powder !! Volatile content: < 1.5% Main features !! Fully imidized polymer !! Soluble in various solvents such as NEP, NMP, "BL, THF !! Very high glass transition temperature (Tg DMA >300°C) !! Very strong adhesion on various substrates such as metals, engineering plastics (acid etched), glass# !! Compatible with epoxies and other chemistries Applications and benefits !! Temperature resistant adhesives !! Toughening of adhesives and composites matrices when high temperature resistance is key !! Temperature resistant coatings Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  84. 84. Advanced Materials 84 Matrimid® 5218 Associated products Product Description Particles size Matrimid® 9725 Micronized version of Matrimid® 5218 >70% < 100 µm Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  85. 85. Advanced Materials 85 Matrimid® 5218 Tg by DMA > 300°C Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  86. 86. Advanced Materials 86 Matrimid® 5218 Efficiency in composite toughening CAI* strength (MPa) * Compression After Impact 20% Thermoplastic b.w. in 180°C epoxy matrix - Impact Energy : 25J / 4mm laminate thickness Unidirectional intermediate modulus carbon fiber - Quasi-Iso lay-up : +45/0/-45/90 Source: US Pat. 5,242,748 Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  87. 87. Advanced Materials 87 Matrimid® 5218 Gas membrane application Polyimides have proven useful for the formation of gas separation membranes because of their attractive combination properties: high gas permeability as well as high intrinsic permselectivity in comparison to polycarbonate, polysulfone and other materials. Solution H2 permeance (m3/m2.h * bar) # (H2/CH4) 0.5% Matrimid® 5218 in CHCl3 0.156 86.71 0.148 82.28 0.164 83.13 0.169 81.78 2% Jeffamine® to Matrimid® 5218 0.5%CHCl3 0.278 88.74 0.284 82.00 0.289 85.57 0.247 92.65 Table showing gas transport properties for Matrimid® 5218 membranes prepared without and with cross-linking agent. Source: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal November/December 2008, Vol.7, No.6, 653-659, C. Nistor, M. Popa Next product >Tougheners and flexibilizers < Previous product< Table of content
  88. 88. Advanced Materials 88 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Benzoxazine resins Benzoxazine resins - Mechanical and flame resistance < Previous product< Table of content
  89. 89. Advanced Materials 89 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Araldite® MT 35600 Description !! Bisphenol-A benzoxazine resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: yellowish solid !! Melting point: 58 - 70°C !! Viscosity at 125°C: 50 – 500 mPa.s Main features !! Di-functional thermosetting molecule !! Reacts at high temperature through addition reaction, without gas release and with �near-zero� shrinkage !! Creates on curing a phenolic-type network, showing very low moisture absorption !! High glass transition temperature and high modulus network !! Compatible with various other chemistries including epoxies, bis-maleimides, phenolics# Applications and benefits !! Provides matrices with higher modulus than epoxy resins, with equivalent glass transition temperature, lower water sensitivity, and better flame resistance !! Proposed for advanced composites, structural adhesives, laminates for printed wiring boards, high performance coatings, encapsulating and molding compounds Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
  90. 90. Advanced Materials 90 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Araldite® MT 35710 FST Description !! Bisphenol-F based benzoxazine resin Typical characteristics !! Aspect: yellowish semi-solid !! Viscosity at 100°C: 30 – 100 mPa.s Main features !! Di-functional thermosetting molecule !! Creates on curing a phenolic-type network, showing very low moisture absorption !! Medium glass transition temperature and high modulus network !! Compatible with various other chemistries including epoxies, bis-maleimides, phenolics# Applications and benefits !! Provides matrices with higher modulus than epoxy resins, with equivalent glass transition temperature, lower water sensitivity, and better flame resistance !! Proposed for advanced composites, structural adhesives, laminates for printed wiring boards, high performance coatings, encapsulating and molding compounds !! Offered higher structural properties and safer handling than phenolic resins Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
  91. 91. Advanced Materials 91 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Associated products Product Description Aspect Viscosity Melting point Unit mPa.s °C Araldite® 35700 N-Phenyl Bis-F benzoxazine Yellowish solid 1 000 - 7 000 at 100°C ~ 60 Araldite® LZ 8280 N75 Araldite® MT 35700 in solution Solution (75% in MEK) 300 - 800 at 25°C - XU 8282-1 Phenolphtaleine benzoxazine based Amber liquid Solution (70% in MEK) 500 - 3 000 at 25°C - Araldite® LZ 8278 N 70 / Aradur® HZ 8279 Z 50 2 components: Bisphenol F and phenolphthalein based benzoxazine resin Yellowish solid Araldite® LZ 8278 N 70 solution (70% in MEK) Aradur® HZ 8279 Z 50 (50% in MEK/ cyclohexanone) 50 - 900 at 25°C 5 - 500 at 25°C - DT 300 / DT310 Accelerators for benzoxazines White crystal - ~155 / ~130 Aradur® 9690-1 Novolac hardener Light to dark yellow flakes - 85 - 95 Aradur® 3123 Imidazole White to amber powder 180 - 250 Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
  92. 92. Advanced Materials 92 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Comparison Araldite® MT 35600, MT 35700 and MT 35710 FST Viscosity at different temperature Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content Viscosity measured with cone / plate
  93. 93. Advanced Materials 93 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Benzoxazines: high modulus thermosets Comparison to TGMAP epoxy resin (reference in high modulus epoxy resins) Product Tg DMA onset Flexural modulus Tensile modulus Unit °C MPa MPa Araldite® MT 35600 190 4 600 5 000 Araldite® MY 0610 220 4 150 4 000 Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
  94. 94. Advanced Materials Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Flammability behavior Benzoxazine vs. Phenolic Araldite® MT 35710 FST E-glass (2) 2-ply laminate XU 8282-1 + Catalyst (1) E-glass (2) 1-ply laminate XU 8282-1 (1) E-glass (2) 1-ply laminate Phenolic prepreg Aero qualified reference (1) E-glass (2) 1-ply laminate Prepreg resin content 50% 50% 50% 40% Curing conditions 2 h at 150ºC + 2 h at 177ºC, 1.0 bar 2 h at 150ºC, 1.0 bar 2 h at 180ºC, 1.0 bar - Resin content (cured) - - - 40% ± 2 Flammability 12 s AITM 2.0002 B - 142 mm / 2 s / 0 s 128 mm / 0 s / 0 s - Flammability 60 s AITM 2.0002 A 94 mm / 0 s / 0 s 167 mm / 0 s / 0 s 144 mm / 0 s / 0 s 60 mm / 0 s / 0 s Smoke density (flaming) AITM 2.0007 11 Ds 6 Ds 6 Ds 5 Ds Toxicity (flaming) AITM 3.0005 HCN 2 ppm 1 ppm 2 ppm 0 ppm CO 19 ppm 74 ppm 113 ppm 50 ppm NOx 3 ppm 3 ppm 5 ppm 10 ppm SO2 0 ppm 6 ppm 1 ppm 0 ppm HCI 0 ppm 0 ppm 0 ppm 0 ppm HF 1 ppm 0 ppm 0 ppm 0 ppm Heat release test (HRR / HR) AITM 2.0006 29 kw/m2 / 18 kw*min/m2 63 kw/m2 / 33 kw*min/m2 58 kw/m2 / 34 kw*min/m2 65 kw/m2 / 40 kw*min/m2 (1) Tested by Airbus Bremen (2) 5h Satin, 6K, 270 gsm Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content 94
  95. 95. Advanced Materials 95 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Effect of accelerators DT 300 and DT 310 on Araldite® MT 35600 Gel time Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
  96. 96. Advanced Materials 96 Araldite® MT 35600, Araldite® MT 35710 FST Effect of accelerators DT 300 and Aradur® 3123 on Araldite® MT 35710 FST / Aradur® 9690-1 Gel time and glass transitionGel time and glass transition 80 parts Araldite® MT 35710 FST + 20 parts novolac hardener (Aradur® 9690-1 based) / 3.5 parts accelerator Gel time measured with hot plate Benzoxazine resins < Previous product< Table of content
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  98. 98. Advanced Materials 98 For more information www.huntsman.com/advanced_materials advanced_materials@huntsman.com Europe Huntsman Advanced Materials (Switzerland) GmbH Klybeckstrasse 200 P.O. Box - 4002 Basel Switzerland Tel. +41 61 299 1111 Fax +41 61 299 1112
  99. 99. Advanced MaterialsAdvanced Materials Legal Disclaimer Copyright © 2015 Huntsman Corporation or an affiliate thereof. All rights reserved. The use of the symbol ® herein signifies the registration of the associated trademark in one or more, but not all, countries. While the information and recommendations included in this publication are, to the best of Huntsman�s knowledge, accurate as of the date of publication, nothing contained herein is to be construed as a representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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