Indonesia international b usiness forum iotc_payet-english
Tuna in the Indian Ocean:the role of IOTC in managementNew DevelopmentsRondolphPAYETExecutiveSecretary
Established 14 years ago, it is the only RFMObased in the IO, and the only tuna RFMOunder the FAO framework. Headquarters – based inVictoria, Seychellesislands. 31 full Member States and 2 CooperatingStates Most of the tuna fishing nations are members(over 90% of the catch). Decisions are binding by majority rule.What is IOTC?
Promote conservation and optimum utilization of tuna stocks Promote sustainable development of fisheriesIOTC is one of five tuna RFMOs
Current Members of IOTC Australia Belize China Comoros Eritrea EC France Guinea Iran India Indonesia Japan Kenya Korea Madagascar Mauritius Malaysia Maldives Mozambique Oman Pakistan Philippines Seychelles Sierra Leone Sri Lanka Sudan Tanzania Thailand UK Vanuatu YemenCooperating parties: South Africa and Senegal
The structure of IOTCCommission(31+2 Member States decideon actions)ScientificCommittee(advise onstatus)ComplianceCommittee(advise onenforcement)WorkingGroups(scientific analysis)•TropicalTunas•Billfish•TemperateTunas•Ecosystems•DataCollection•MethodsSecretariat(support process atall level from HQsin Seychelles)IGO and NGO
•Yellowfin, skipjack, bigeye, albacore tunasand swordfish the main species.•Neritic tunas important at a sub-regionallevel.• Virtually all the transboundary stocks ofimportance in the IO.• About 40% of catches in the high-seas.What are the species under IOTCmandate?
Summary status of the major stocks(2012))Stock Status Fishing intensity Stock size CommentsYellowfinTuna 31% below 24% above StatusrecoveredSkipjack tuna 19% below 20% above Catch decliningBigeye tuna 21% below 20% aboveAlbacore tuna 131% above 5% above High risk-againin 2012/13Swordfish (allIO)50-40% below 7-60% aboveSwordfish(SWIO)35% below to 20%above25% below to44% aboveRebuildingtrend
Situation of other IOTC speciesNeritic Tunas• Essential for the economy of the IOTC coastal States• Status still unknown for most species, but analyses are progressing in thepast two years.Other billfish (Marlins, sailfish and spearfish)• Not targeted by tuna-fishing vessels• Status unknown although concern exists about apparent declinesSharks• A growing concern as they are target species for several fleets that alsocatch tunas• Apparent declines in oceanic whitetip and silky sharks
• Support for better informationgathering.•IOTC-OFCF (Japan) eight-yearproject now moving into a 4thPhase)• Generation of fishery-independent information•Successful Large-ScaleTaggingProgramme (EU -COI, Japan,China).Better science to guide decision making:The work of the Secretariat and the ScientificCommittee
•Evaluation of uncertainty in thestock status, development ofrobust management strategies.•Incorporating ecosystemconsiderations into managementdecisions.•The development ManagementStrategy Evaluation for HarvestControl Rules.Better science to guide decision making:The work of the Secretariat and the ScientificCommittee
Adoption of the Precautionary Approach Principles formally adopted in Res 12/01, and followed in2013 with a resolution on interim target , limit referencepoints and decision framework for the five major species. Commitment to a process to develop permanentreference points and harvest control rules through a jointwork between SC and Commission (MSE).
• Control on fishing capacity• Freezing on fishing capacity at 2006-2007 levels.•Control on catch levels•Criteria for Allocation of quota (two meetings)•Alternative Management Measures•Harvest Control Rules• Combat against IUU fishing•Port State Measures ( entered into force in March2013).• Others• FADs Management planMain management measures
•Capacity for tropical tunas•Frozen at 2006 levels•Vessels already under construction•Vessels under Fleet Development Plans fordeveloping coastal states•Capacity for swordfish and albacoreAs for tropical tunas but levels frozen at 2007Controlling fleet sizes: the road tomanagement of fishing capacity
•Central Registry of authorised vessels•Black listing of IUU vessels•Control access to port facilities; deny unloadingrights; deny licenses• Control transhipment at sea.•Restrict access to markets to IUU products•Prosecution of nationals engaged in IUU fishingImproving control of IUU fishing
• Ban on catching and retainingThresher shark• Ban on Catching and retention of Oceanic whitetip(Shark)•Setting of purse seine nets around whale sharks•Conservations of cetaceans•Sea birds (in longline fisheries)•Marine turtles•Ban on discards of bigeye, yellow fin and skipjacktunasReducing impact of tuna fisheries onBiodiversity
• An equally strict enforcement across IOTC members.•A formula for equitable allocation of fishingopportunities.•Accurate information about the status of theresources in the Indian Ocean and access to markets.•The threat of piracy in the main fishing grounds.•Management of fishing capacity•Coastal tuna fisheries (neritic tunas) - data access forassessment•Socio –economic assessment of tuna fisheriesMain challenges in the near future