Broad awareness and cooperation amongst developed and developing countries and a common scientific basis for decisive policy action are key for achieving lasting success. International scientific assessments, such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the Global Environmental Outlook and the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), make it increasingly evident the world cannot achieve sustainable economic growth without significant innovation in both the supply (production) and demand (consumption) sides of the market.
More specifically its SCP Branch in DTIE has the mission to promote and facilitate the extraction, processing and consumption of natural resources in a more environmentally sustainable way over the whole life cycle of goods and services produced and used by governments, business and society.The Branch activities are designed to contribute to the decoupling of growth in production and consumption of goods and services from resource depletion and environmental degradation, and to strengthen the scientific base for doing so. Reforms in government policies, changes in private sector management practices and decisions, and increased consumer awareness are needed to achieve this.
Joint UNEP/UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Programme: technical assistance to establish national capacities on SCP and establishment of more than 50 national cleaner production centres and programmes worldwideDevelopment of life-cycle assessment standards in the International Organization for Standardization 14000 series since the early 1990s. In 2002, UNEP joined forces with the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry to launch the Life Cycle InitiativeSWITCH Asia programme funded by the European Commission: support to SMEs in the Asia and the Pacific region in achieving resource savings and gaining better access to the supply chains of international companiesOECD Environment Directorate project on the impacts of household consumption on the environment and the design of environmental policy targeted at households in five key areas (energy use, waste, transport, food and water).European Union Sustainable Consumption and Production and Sustainable Industrial Policy Action Plan in 2008: improving the environmental performance of products and increasing the demand for more sustainable goods and production technologiesGreen Growth initiative - UN ESCAP and Republic of Korea: five main tracks of green tax and budget reform, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable consumption, green business, and ecological efficiency indicators
The RECP Programme:To contribute to sustainable industrial development and sustainable consumption and production, through the greater uptake of RECP by businesses, governments, financial institutions and other stakeholders.To link CP more profoundly with today’s most pressing environmental and economical concerns at local, regional and global scales, and to emphasize the triple bottom line relevance as a result of the contribution of RECP to production efficiency, environmental conservation and human development.
Established after the Bhopal accident to improve prevention of chemical accidents and local level preparedness to accidents. Comprises: Tools, guidelines, and management principles implemented at site and local level to ensure both the safety and health of workers in facilities that manufacture, store, handle or use hazardous substances, as well as the prevention of releases of these substances into the environment;Activities to support national governments improve their Chemical Accident Prevention and Preparedness programmes.Aligned with the aims of UNEP’s Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), on the sound management of chemicals.
To respond to the needs of stakeholders in the buildings sector for a commonvoice, UNEP-SBCI waslaunched in 2006 by the United Nations Environment Programme. The objective of this Initiative is to provide the means for stakeholders to tap the potential of the buildings’ sector in contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The initiative bringstogetherkeyplayersfromindustry, business, local and national governments, research and academia, as well as the civil society.
In the context of Rio+20, UNEP is promoting the set-up of a Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities (GI-REC). It is differentiated from other initiatives because it:1. Highlights the need for resource efficiency: minimizing resource extraction, energy consumption and waste generation at the same time safeguarding ecosystem services. 2. It supports policy design and actions for decoupling resource use from environmental impacts and economic growth and hence contribute to sustainable development and poverty eradication.3. Builds on UNEP’s expertise, convening power, and extensive network built through more than a decade of work on cities and buildings. We aim to mobilize partners and different constituencies from governments at both national and local level, UN agencies, international institutions, civil society, business and industry and other major groups
The proposed text for the 10YFP includes a common vision, values and functions; an institutional structure (with a Secretariat, small Board, UN interagency network, and national focal points), means of implementation (with a Trust Fund) and an initial list of programmes.
Produção e Consumo Sustentável - Arab Hoballah
Rio+20 Governance and the 10 YearFramework of Programmes onSustainable Consumption and Production:Status, Challenges and prospects Arab Hoballah Chief of SCP Branch, UNEP
UNEP - 6 priorities & objectives• To strengthen the ability • that countries utilize • that environmental of countries to integrate the ecosystem approach governance at country, climate change to enhance human well- regional and global responses into national being levels is strengthened to development processes address agreed environmental priorities Ecosystem EnvironmentalClimate Change management governance• that natural resources • to minimize the impact • to minimize are of harmful substances environmental threats produced, processed and hazardous waste on to human well-being and consumed in a the environment and arising from the more environmentally human beings environmental causes sustainable way and consequences of conflicts and disasters HarmfulResource Disasters and substances andEfficiency - SCP conflicts Hazardous Wastes
The ChallengeOur current economic system is heading towards the point ofbeing self-destructive by overshooting the regenerative andassimilative capacities of our natural ecosystem
Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)Promote increasing Res Efficiency & sustainable lifestyles Improving process, Underlying products and services drivers for consumption business Modernizing infrastructure and policy Identifying framework obstacles & opportunities governments Influencing and advancing Creating awareness, sustainable consumption and dialogues and reflection production consumer groups patterns
SCP Key Programmes and activities• Assessment/Science • Industry/Incentives contributing to a – International Resource Green Economy Panel – Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (NCPCs) – Life Cycle Management – Safer and Responsible Production – Business and CESR• Policy Frameworks/ Capacity • Stimulating Demand/Consumers Building – Product Information tools and Eco- labelling – Marrakech Process (10 YFP) – Sustainable public procurement – Mainstreaming SCP policies – SBCI (Sustainable Building and in development policies Climate Initiative) – Sustainable Tourism – Sustainable cities Programme – Education and Lifestyles – Sustainable Agri-food supply chains 7
Sustainable Waste resource Management management Design for Sustainable sustainability lifestyles D4S Sustainable Consumption CleanerSustainable marketing and Production production & Resource Efficiency Sustainable Sustainable procurement transport Eco-labelling and certification
The SCP global agenda• Earth Summit - Agenda 21 (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) – Call for action to promote patterns of consumption and production that reduce environmental stress and meet the basic needs of humanity• World Summit on Sustainable Development - JPOI (Johannesburg, 2002) – SCP is an overarching objective of and essential requirement for sustainable development – Call for the development of a 10 Year Framework of Programme to support SCP implementation at the regional and national level• Marrakech Process on SCP initiatives/policies have steadily increased in most regions (2003-2011) – E.g. development of regional strategies, capacity-building and information sharing, multi-stakeholder partnerships and project implementation SCP areas• CSD18/19 (2010-2011) review a proposal for a 10YFP: – however the CSD19 failed to adopt any decision leaving a gap in the Environmental Decision & JPOI implementation:• UN Conference on Sustainable Development – Rio+20, 2012: an opportunity to take stock of progress in advancing SCP
Some key initiatives on SCP• Joint UNEP/UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Programme: 50 national cleaner production centres and programmes worldwide• Life-cycle assessment standards in the ISO 14000 series; In 2002, UNEP joined forces with the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry to launch the Life Cycle Initiative• SWITCH Asia, funded by the European Commission: support to SMEs in the Asia and the Pacific region• OECD Environment Directorate project on the impacts of household consumption on the environment (energy use, waste, transport, food and water).• Regional and sub-regional SCP strategies: European Union SCP, African 10YFP, LAC SCP strategy, Arab Region Strategy, Asia Green Growth Initiative, MERCOSUR SCP action plan, etc.• Green Growth initiative - UN ESCAP and Republic of Korea: five main tracks of green tax and budget reform, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable consumption, green business, and ecological efficiency indicators
The Marrakech Process (2003- 2011) A global multi-stakeholder process to:Respond to WSSD Johannesburg Plan of Implementation call to develop a 10 Year Framework of Programmes to accelerate the shift towards SCP, decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation.Main objectives:1. Support the development and implementation o policies and projects on SCP based on regional and national priorities, and multi-stakeholder participation and partnerships2. Provide inputs for the elaboration of the 10 Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP), reviewed and negotiated by the CSD 18- 19 cycle in 2010 and 2011.
Progress achieved through the MP• An extensive multi-stakeholder consultation process 22 regional consultations around the world, 3 international meetings and 8 national roundtables• SCP programmes or strategies elaborated in most regions: based on SCP needs and priorities: e.g. the Regional SCP Strategy for Latin America and the Caribbean developed in 2003; African 10YFP, developed in 2005; and the Arab regional strategy on SCP launched in September 2009• Implementation of 33 demonstration projects and development of more than 30 SCP tools and methodologies with MP Task Forces (sust. products, sust public procurement, sust tourism, sust. education and lifestyles, sust buildings & construction, cooperation with Africa)• Facilitated access to networks and funding, as well as strengthened cooperation between regional and/or national implementation mechanisms• Substancial inputs to the development of the 10YFP considered by CSD18/19
Marrakech Process: Regional outcomes strategies and programmes• Africa • Latin America – African 10YFP on SCP – Regional Strategy on SCP (AU, NEPAD, AMCEN, UNECA (implementation, LAC Forum) ) – Regional Government Council – African Roundtable on SCP on SCP – MERCOSUR – SCP Action Plan – Task Force: Cooperation with Africa • North America• Asia Pacific – Regional Consultations and development of activities on – Regional Help Desk on SCP SCP at regional level – Linked to Green Growth Initiative (Korea & • West Asia UNESCAP) – Regional Strategy on SCP – SWITCH ASIA project on SCP• Europe – EU SCP Action Plan
Marrakech Task Forces Sustainable Sustainable Sector- Buildings & Tourism focused Construction Sustainable Seven Sustainable Products Marrakech Lifestyles Task Forces Sustainable Education for Public SustainableProcurement Cooperation Consumption with AfricaPolicy tools and Social & behavioural programmes issues Regional-focused
Seven Dynamic Task Forces Some outputs: policies, tools and implementation• Policy recommendations • National projects – Sustainable Building and Construction and – Training on Sustainable Public Climate Change Procurement (14 countries before 2011) – Sustainable Tourism – Workshops on Creative Communities for sustainable lifestyles in China, India and• Tool Kits and Guidelines Brazil – Sustainable Public Procurement • Regional projects – Sustainable Coastal Tourism Development – Establishing an Eco-labelling Mechanism – Education for sustainable consumption for Africa• Reports and Analysis – Implementing the African 10 YFP on SCP (launched in 2006) – Tourism and Climate Change – mitigation and adaption – Regional workshop on lifestyle survey in Korea – Global Survey on Sustainable Lifestyles (8000 questionnaire responses) – Implementation of Latin American regional SCP strategy
Resource Efficient & Cleaner Production Programme• The International Programme of National Cleaner Production Centres launched in 1994 – 46 National Cleaner Production Centres/ Programmes established worldwide; – Technical tools and training materials produced and thousands of national and industrial experts trained; – Regional roundtables and networks of NCPCs established and promoted in Africa, Asia and Latin America .• A Joint UNEP-UNIDO programme on RECP developed building upon the lessons and experiences from the NCPC programme
Safer Production• Flexible Framework for Chemical Accident Prevention and Preparedness – Aims at providing guidance for governments wishing to develop, review, strengthen or improve their chemical accident prevention and preparedness programme National level• APELL Programme – Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level Community level• Responsible Production – Responsible Production Handbook for SMEs Sectoral approach: chemicals industry • Produced in collaboration with ICCA and ICMM • Value Chain focus • Aligned with the Responsible Care Programme
Mission: present the common voice ofbuilding sector stakeholders onbuildings and climate change, drawingon UNEP’s unique capacity to provide aglobal platform for collective action.Our members: International andnational companies; Federations;Green building councils; Localauthorities; Research Institutions;Associations and NGOs
Global Initiative for Resource Efficient CitiesUNEP’sApproachtoResourceEfficientCities
United Nations-backed internationalinitiative dedicated to promoting Policy Poverty frameworkssustainable tourism practices around alleviationthe world Cultural & Climate natural change heritageONLINE PLATFORM :www.globalsustainabletourism.org Biodiversity Private sector THEMATIC Finance & investments AREAS 80 MEMBERS CORE STRATEGIES NPO/NGO 18% networking and cooperation 42% Government knowledge sharing 13% project development - Private adapting, replicating, and scaling-up 27% Sector Other successful projects
Diagram 1: Lifecycle Perspective to a 10YFP Enabling policy framework – governments at all levels • Laws & Regulations • Education & Awareness Raising • Sustainable Public Procurement • Investments • Fiscal Instruments Planning and Strategies Disposal Product Design Reduce Techno-Values and Re-use & Recycle (3Rs) *Natural Resource logical Life Cycle Use and Extraction andLifestyles Perspective social Consumption/Use innovation Manufacturing Distribution/ Marketing Market Forces Governments & Major Groups (such as Business & NGOs) • Pricing / Marketing • Corporate Environmental •Consumer Behaviour • Sustainable Private • Quality & Social Responsibility & Information Procurement
CSD18 and CSD19 –May 2010 -2011• Marrakech Process was acknowledge as a sound basis for the development of 10YFP• Full agreement was found on the whole of the text of the 10YFP perceived by many governments as unique in the history of the CSD, with a framework and means for implementation.• CSD19 failed to adopt a decision due to divergences not related to SCP or the 10YFP leaving an important gap in the implementation of the JPOI.• Since the closure of the CSD19, SCP and its 10YFP have gained even more interest and visibility, as shown by the various regional and national submissions and negotiations for Rio+20. 22
Objectives of the 10YFP• Provide a platform for international cooperation on SCP to deliver more technical and financial support at the local, national, regional and global levels• Promote creation of new eco opportunities & the engagement of the private sector• Provide coherence and coordination between SCP initiatives and activities, fill the gaps• Promote knowledge and experience sharing to extend, replicate and scale up good practices• Foster partnerships and networking for SCP• Consolidate and channel technical and financial support where needed
Proposed Structure for the 10YFP• Secretariat: UNEP requested to serve, within its current mandate, as the 10YFP Secretariat, cooperating and responding to member states, and collaborating with relevant UN bodies through an interagency coordination group.• Small board and national SCP focal points• Trust fund: UNEP is invited to establish a trust fund for SCP programmes to mobilize voluntary contributions from multiple sources; and to support the implementation of the 10YFP in developing countries.• Initial and non-exhaustive list of programmes that would have built upon the experience gained through the Marrakech Process, this includes: consumer information, sustainable lifestyles and education, sustainable procurement, sustainable buildings and construction, sustainable tourism including eco-tourism.
Why a formal endorsement of the 10YFP at Rio+20?• A global framework to support and scale-up SCP activities at national and regonal levels – Regional SCP Strategies in LAC, Africa, Asia, Arab Region and Europe identifying key SCP priorities for the regions – Scale up successful initiatives and centers of expertise such as NCPCs, Roundtable on SCP in Africa and Asia and the Pacific and others which are enhancing implementation of SCP – Launch new programmes and initiatives: agri-food, resource efficient cities, product sustainability, etc – SCP capacity-building and implementation activities: e.g. national SCP programmes in various areas such as eco-labeling, procurement, tourism, education, lifestyles, etc.• Rio+20 : unique opportunity to endorse and launch an effective 10YFP – A formal adoption of the 10YFP as negotiated and agreed upon at CSD19 would provide a powerful tool to effectively support the mainstreaming of SCP objectives and policies at international, regional and national levels.• Promoting SCP to for transition to Sustainable Development – SCP is about creating the operational conditions for clean, resource efficient, economically competitive and responsible consumption and production patterns through a broad range of policies, initiatives and tools developed in close cooperation with the key actors and sections of society, building from the bottom up.