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  3. 3. “ The living conditions are harsh and profoundly unforgiving. The deprivations people face on a daily basis are fundamental: severe overcrowding, terrible sanitation, chronic disease, malnutrition, and nighttime insecurity. ” Kibera Soweto East. A case study in slum upgrading. MICHELLE MULCAHY AND MING-RU CH,U
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  5. 5. More than 300,000 people live in less than a square mile..
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  7. 7. There is no infrastructure No access to water, electricity, or sanitation Human excreta cannot be disposed of safely, so disease is rampant
  8. 8. The Effects of Living Without Infrastructure Kibera is entirely without infrastructure , and has little to no access to basic services such as garbage collection, sanitation, drainage systems, and access to water. The vastly insufficient number of available lavatories and baths result in the practice of ‘flying toilets’ – human excreta in plastic bags which are disposed of at night by throwing them into the air to land where they may, as there is nowhere to safely dispose of them.
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  10. 10. A Dangerous Environment The physical environment itself is dangerous People walk around on, live in, and their children play on, surfaces contaminated with human waste , which can contain dangerous pathogens. There is a direct link between the absence of sanitation systems and the presence of deadly diseases . The lack of waste disposal, drainage systems and public toilets , allow for diseases such as malaria, diarrhea and cholera to flourish.
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  12. 12. One in five children do not live to see their fifth birthday The Guardian , Friday 10 November 2006 00.09 GMT
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  14. 14. Women and children spend hours each day in lines at the water sellers’ tanks. Water is brought in by truck or piped in via fragile, leaky plastic tubes There are no guarantees of quality or derivation – often the tanks are contaminated by the surrounding run-off When there are shortages they are unable to find water, or pay for it Water is my job
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  16. 16. Water Related Infrastructure in Kenya About 20 percent of Kenya is urbanized, but much is yet to be done in terms of urban planning. In Nairobi, for instance, public taps are available to only 3 percent of slum dwellers, and fifteen percent to the entire city. ) In the entire country, only 34 percent have access to public tap water, or water piped right into their residences. Nationally 31 percent get water from wells, springs and other sources. -Dr. Catherine Kyabutungi of the Africa Population and Health Research Center (APHR)
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  19. 19. KIBERA, February 2, 2011 Kibera, like many slums around the world, has little or no access to municipal water, sewage systems or garbage disposal, though situated close to the center of the capital. Land rights are disputed, so few will invest in upgrading this square mile, though it houses around 300,000 people, who suffer disease and high infant mortality as a direct result of its poor infrastructure.
  20. 20. “ When sorrows come, they come not single spies, but in battalions.” (“Hamlet” 1602, Shakespeare) Trouble never comes alone...
  21. 21. The problems in Kibera don ’t either.
  22. 22. And yet many aid projects in Kibera have acted by focusing on just one thing at a time.
  23. 23. This may be why so many have failed …
  24. 24. <ul><li>Once construction was finished </li></ul><ul><li>the benefactor left and the project quickly deteriorated </li></ul><ul><li>or it was diverted to benefit the personal interests of the “managing” team </li></ul>
  25. 25. Or else the income from just lavatories, say, or water, cooking gas, et al did not suffice to pay for its upkeep.
  26. 26. The problems in Kibera are many and they are interrelated.
  27. 27. So why attack just one of the problems?
  28. 28. In 2011, HNP will break ground on its Pilot Project in Kibera, Nairobi, and build a self-sustaining Center with Well, Public baths, Lavatories and Clean drinking water. The Center, community-owned, will be both environmentally and economically self-sustaining. HNP - Self-sustainability. Empowerment
  29. 29. Human Potential is wasted every day in Kibera. But with access to Educational services, Credit, Communications & Mentoring programs, Kiberans will act as dynamos of their own change.
  30. 30. <ul><li>The HNP Concept proposes a Center with a Subscription business model </li></ul><ul><li>The Center will function as a miniature infrastructure in the village of Gatwekera </li></ul><ul><li>The subscription will be priced to fit with local economic standards </li></ul><ul><li>Kiberans pay for their own services and are not receiving charity or Aid. </li></ul><ul><li>HNP will donate the center to the community in the form of a Subscriber owned Co-op </li></ul><ul><li>The Co-op will have no start up costs to be amortized, or debt, and additionally, a trained crew and management sourced from the Community </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Human Needs Project </li></ul><ul><li>will offer a wide array of aggregate services </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate them into a program designed to attempt to concomitantly solve many other needs of the community </li></ul><ul><li>In the process create a sort of critical mass , or </li></ul><ul><li>tipping point of support for self-improvement </li></ul><ul><li>And combine education with access to credit and communication , fueling a move toward self expression and independence </li></ul>
  32. 32. water power sanitation clean technology adult learning center microfinance institution public baths and lavatories Information & campaigns office playground, wifi and cappuccino bar communications and business services financial planning & systems/ops manual subscriber ownership & community leadership
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  34. 34. - Kibera, Kenya, Redhorse Constructors, UC Berkeley RAEL, Kao Design Group 28 September 2010 draft Pilot Project Site Kibera, Kenya, Google Earth View
  35. 35. Site Conditions <ul><li>- Without access to safe toilet facilities, many Kibera residents are forced to use public areas, most often drainage routes, to relieve themselves .  These drainage waste channels are unprotected and it is common for people, especially children, to come in contact with the waste as it travels out of the slum.  This waste often contains diseases such as Typhoid and Cholera, which kill between 10 – 50% of those infected.  Toilet facilities must be built to prevent human waste from spreading disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera residents are often unable to wash their hands before preparing food or doing other things that can cause diseases to enter their bodies.   This is because clean water must be accessed from pre-filled water tanks which are controlled by landlords and are often difficult or expensive for residents to use.  To prevent the spread of disease, Kibera residents need affordable and convenient public access to clean water for drinking, cooking, and washing. </li></ul><ul><li>Disused pit latrine that has caved in and spread waste to the surrounding area. ©kSLUM </li></ul> http://www.kslum.orgaboutkibera.htm <ul><li>Sanitation, liquid waste and drainage </li></ul><ul><li>There are no sewered toilets in Kibera and most of the households have traditional pit latrines. These are inadequate and fill up quickly. Limited access to exhauster services has rendered about 30 percent of latrines unusable. </li></ul><ul><li>The shortage of pit latrines is brought about by lack of space for new construction and landlords who are unwilling to incur the extra expense. Most of the groups indicated that up to 150 people share a pit latrine. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of adequate latrines forces residents to use alternative means of excreta disposal, such as polythene bags referred to as &quot;flying toilets&quot; (wrap and throw method). These are commonly used at night when residents consider it insecure to use latrines outside. Children defecate in small plastic buckets for cooking fat (e.g. Kasuku) which are emptied by the mothe either in the next pit latrine or sewer. </li></ul>Solid waste covers this river running by some latrines. Mothers and girls fetch water from a bursted main pipe.
  36. 36. Kibera, Kenya
  37. 37. - Kibera, Kenya, Redhorse Constructors, UC Berkeley RAEL, Kao Design Group 28 September 2010 draft Community Center
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  40. 40. - Kibera, Kenya, Redhorse Constructors, UC Berkeley RAEL, Kao Design Group 28 September 2010 draft micro-finance institution classrooms administration café/wi-fi courtyard, children play area women & families men green market place well/water Fresh water treatment energy generation green market place/home upgrade laundry water sale sewage treatment Concept Design
  41. 41. - Kibera, Kenya, Redhorse Constructors, UC Berkeley RAEL, Kao Design Group 28 September 2010 draft Concept Design
  42. 42. Aerials courtyard, children play area
  43. 43. Concept Designs
  44. 44. Street View
  45. 45. Stepping into the Men ’s Restroom Water Store
  46. 46. Mobile Technology Containers Sanitation Water Energy Laundry/Sewage IT/ Communication Work/Education Sewage/Waste Health Clinic Modular Containers: 20ft / 40ft Donated end of life shipping containers, packed with life sustaining technologies
  47. 47. Site Plan (DRAFT)
  48. 48. Site Plan (DRAFT)
  49. 49. Site Plan (DRAFT)
  50. 50. Waste Recycling Schematic
  51. 51. Septic Tank and Anaerobic Upflow Filters
  52. 52. Horizontal Roughing Filter with Planter Bed
  53. 53. Second Water Store Planter Beds with Ecological Waste Treatment
  54. 54. Up-flow Vertical Roughing Filter
  55. 55. - Kibera, Kenya, Redhorse Constructors, UC Berkeley RAEL, Kao Design Group 28 September 2010 draft Services Units
  56. 56. Kibera, Kenya
  57. 57. Sanitation Units: Female and Families
  58. 58. Sanitation Units: Female and Families
  59. 59. Sanitation Units: Male
  60. 60. Green Market Place, Solar battery charge, etc.
  61. 61. Kibera, Kenya
  62. 62. Free Wifi Café, Adult Learning Center, Micro-finance Bank
  63. 63. <ul><li>Human Needs Project - Development, Not Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Community Involvement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Ownership & Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of Community Recruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporation as Subscriber owned Co-op </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions will provide necessary income for maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial independence of Co-op </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survey-based Design & Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>The community is dictating its needs & preferences . </li></ul><ul><li>HNP developed Business Tools for Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems & Operations Manuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained management </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. KIBERA PROBLEMS HNP SOLUTIONS Many Aid Projects Fail- Why? <ul><li>HNP COMMUNITY OUTREACH: LEADERSHIP AND OWNERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>HNP grassroots community council with representatives of community groups </li></ul><ul><li>Community ownership of Co-Op </li></ul><ul><li>Community recruits get adequate training and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>HNP CONCEPT BASED ON COMMUNITY SURVEY </li></ul><ul><li>HNP communicates with community through grassroots council </li></ul><ul><li>HNP website blog page, Facebook, and Twitter continue dialogue with community </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible concept updated with community and Co-Op leadership </li></ul><ul><li>HNP CONCEPT: SAME PLANNING TOOLS AS ANY </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD BUSINESS IN THE US </li></ul><ul><li>Systems and operations manuals </li></ul><ul><li>Contingency plans for any repair </li></ul><ul><li>Financial planning </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cross” trained personnel </li></ul><ul><li>CO-OP SUBSCRIBER BASE WILL PROVIDE ECONOMIC SUFFICIENCY </li></ul><ul><li>Large array of included services to generate subscribers and sufficient income </li></ul><ul><li>Marketplace and Co-Op subscription: savings and financing for families </li></ul><ul><li>Co-Op leadership motto </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency, accountability, communication, information </li></ul><ul><li>LITTLE OR NO COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>No local leadership </li></ul><ul><li>No perception of ownership </li></ul><ul><li>No voice in design/concept </li></ul><ul><li>No impetus for success </li></ul><ul><li>FLAWED CONCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical/economic failure </li></ul><ul><li>Intended consumer group not satisfied with concept </li></ul><ul><li>LACK OF CONTINGENCY PLAN </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No spare parts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No expertise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No management/maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC INSUFFICIENCY/ </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINUED DEPENDENCY ON DONOR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donor moves on to new project </li></ul></ul>
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  66. 66. <ul><li>Human Needs Project - Empowerment through Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AGGREGATE SERVICES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SELF-DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WATER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CLEAN TECHNOLOGY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INFORMATION CAMPAIGN DEVELOPMENT </li></ul></ul>
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  72. 72. <ul><li>“ We believe potential creativity and entrepreneurship is everywhere. The HNP ‘Town-Center’ can function as a generator, energizing the community and releasing the potential in every community.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Ken Kao, HNP Project Designer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>BASIC SERVICES - Drinking water - Showers - Toilets <ul><li>HOME IMPROVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>- Green marketplace </li></ul><ul><li>- Clean technology </li></ul><ul><li>Home improvement with </li></ul><ul><li>Financing plan </li></ul>MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION/SAVINGS BANK - Financial planning - Savings instrument - Credit - Investment <ul><li>PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>- Adult learning center program </li></ul><ul><li>- Business development </li></ul><ul><li>- Program and services </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring/networking program </li></ul><ul><li>Health, hygiene and parenting </li></ul><ul><li>information campaigns </li></ul>
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  75. 75. HUMAN NEEDS PROJECT The Advisory Board – HNP USA Academics Professionals Graduate Students Collaborations Corporations & Universities (to be finalized )
  79. 79. Human Needs Project A specialist. A team & Collaborations - Corporations and Universities
  80. 80. HNP TEAMS & PEOPLE <ul><li>JIM WUNDERMAN </li></ul><ul><li>ANDY BARKETT </li></ul><ul><li>SONNY AULAKH </li></ul><ul><li>PRERNA ARORA </li></ul><ul><li>GREG BRYNELSON </li></ul><ul><li>CHUNGWAI CHUM </li></ul><ul><li>JANELLE ESCLAMADO </li></ul><ul><li>MANFEI LAU </li></ul><ul><li>YOTAM LEVINE </li></ul><ul><li>WINNIE LI </li></ul><ul><li>TONY MARURI </li></ul><ul><li>LISA MILLER </li></ul><ul><li>PATRICK O'BRIEN </li></ul><ul><li>MONICA ONEILL </li></ul><ul><li>NATHANIEL ROUSH </li></ul><ul><li>ASHLEY SHAH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JONATHAN KAPLAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MARCI GLAZER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DANIEL KAMMEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KEN KAO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOHN TODD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NORMAN HANTZSCHE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAUL POSPISIL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAN PRULL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JEREMY NEWMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JONATHAN KAPLAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JIM WUNDERMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YEMA KHALIF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MEGHAN WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DANIEL KAMMEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JONATHAN KAPLAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAN PRULL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOHN OCONNOR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KAO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMY SHEEHAN LATVA-KOKKO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUTA CINCO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DANIEL KAMMEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAN PRULL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOHN OCONNOR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JULIE RENE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOAN SOEKOTJO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>KENYA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JOYCE ONEKO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DANIEL KAMMEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAN PRULL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAVID WARNER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DANIEL KAMMEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAN PRULL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOHN OCONNOR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONNIE NIELSEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WILLIAM OGUTU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YEMA KHALIF </li></ul></ul>CLEAN WEB LEGAL RECRUITS ECONOMIC TECHNOLOGY/ & & & TEAM TECHNICAL TEAM SOCIAL MEDIA DESIGN TEAM ACCCOUNTING TRAINING CLEAN KIBERA BUSINESS PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAMS RECRUITS & TECHNOLOGY GRASS DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT TRAINING MARKET PLACE ROOTS
  81. 81. <ul><li>Human Needs Project – Community stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Community Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subscribers own and manage the Co-op democratically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1500 subscribers maximum per Community Pod/Center </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Recruitment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a Clean Technology Expert Team in Kibera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop local talent for management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grassroots Community Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate: how best serve Kibera's residents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-ordinate community group efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pool resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up information gathering programs where all groups can send in monthly numbers of cases, specifying type, fx disease, death, orphan, new arrivals etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create Information Campaigns for the community on Health, Nutrition, Parenting, Hygiene and much more - For Kiberans, By Kiberans </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. HNP CENTER: A DYNAMO OF COMMUNITY-LED CHANGE <ul><li>BUSINESS PLAN SYSTEMS & OPERATIONS MANUAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REPAIRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPARE PARTS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SERVICES & DELIVERY PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>FINANCIAL PLANNING </li></ul>
  83. 83. Kibera needs information campaigns In addition to insufficient infrastructure and public services, there is a general lack of awareness of important health and environmental safeguards , and how they prevent disease. Information campaigns are necessary to protect adults and children from diseases, but also to enable better nutrition habits and spread knowledge of childhood development and the parenting skills that may result from such knowledge.
  84. 84. HNP - Clean technology, local resources As with all other things, Electricity is also scarce in Kibera, and unreliable. Say we dug a well. We would have to dig deep to reach water levels, and to avoid contamination. How would we power the pumps to bring the water up; never mind pumping it in sufficient amounts into showers and lavatories? HNP will supply the Center with Clean Energy , not only Solar Energy to power the Center , but also the technology to deal with its Wastewater. Clean Technology is relatively cheap and very reliable , and is very well adapted to single-user solutions where general infrastructure is lacking. HNP ’s Technical team provides the Center with the latest innovations and is committed to sourcing all possible materials locally and to hire locally whenever possible.
  85. 85. Can Kiberans pay for their own services? It is integral to HNP ’s concept that the Center be economically self-sustaining and independent . In our survey of potential HNP Center Users in Kibera, we found that, though not all, most would pay to have access to a public bathroom , the same was true for access to public baths . Kiberans already pay for water , though they pay too much for water, which holds no guarantee of being clean. Kiberans also pay for baths at the UN facility in another part of Kibera. HNP believes that Kiberans will pay for their own services if these services are combined in one attractive package, in effect creating a self-sufficient economy for the Center.
  86. 86. HNP Center owned by subscribers HNP will be owned and led by its subscribers . HNP will institute a co-op and donate the center to the co-op once management is ready. By creating ownership by Many, and a democratic leadership, HNP intends to safeguard the Center from being taken over by selfish interests. HNP will provide the coop management and maintenance recruits with education and training so they are prepared for all contingencies and operations. In the process, this will also create a team of experienced Clean Technology experts in the middle of the slum of Kibera.
  87. 87. Financial and contingency planning HNP wants to ensure the absolute continued success of its Kibera pilot project by giving the Kibera center the best possible tools we have access to ourselves. The HNP Economic Team will provide the Center ’s management with business and contingency plans, financial planning tools and systems and operations manuals.
  88. 88. Why should a business in Kibera be any less diligent in ensuring its success than any other business in the US?
  89. 89. Many projects in Kibera have failed - but we plan on making this one the exception…
  90. 90. water power sanitation clean technology adult learning center microfinance institution public baths and lavatories Information & campaigns office playground, wifi and cappuccino bar communications and business services financial planning & systems/ops manual subscriber ownership & community leadership
  91. 91. DAVID TURNER CEO Turner Duckworth Branding &Design ANDY BARKETT Facebook SONNY AULAKH CEO Greenlight Apparel VANESSA GETTY Philanthropist MARCI GLAZER Philanthropist NORMAN HANTZSCHE CEO, Questa Engineering DANIEL KAMMEN Prof., UC Berkeley World Bank Specialist Renewable Energy KENNETH KAO Lecturer, Harvard CEO, Kao Design Group JONATHAN KAPLAN Founder, Pure Digital/Flip Video Founder, The Melt YEMA KHALIF MANYANKI Web Designer HNP Community Organizer CONNIE NIELSEN Actor, HNP Project Leader JOYCE ONEKO Attorney, Community Organizer Founder, Mama Na Dada WILLIAM OGUTU CEO 11 Brothers Security HNP Community Organizer PAUL POSPISIL Geologist, Questa Engineering DAN PRULL Energy Director, Redhorse Constructors, Energy Design JOHN TODD CEO, Ecological Design DAVID WARNER CEO, Redhorse Construtors HNP Project Leader MEGAN WARNER Web Designer, City Winery JIM WUNDERMAN CEO Bay Area Council Lecturer, UC Davis HNP COLLABORATORS STEFANIE COYOTE Singer, HNP organizer JOHN O ’CONNOR Dean, Brookhouse International School JULIET DIMA HNP Kenya Project leader, Trainee Program ULRICH T. NIELSEN Project Manager, Insightformation, Software development JEDIDA ONEKO Journalist HNP COMMUNICATIONS LYNN YOUNGLOVE Producer PATRICIA TURNER Vice-provost, Undergraduate Studies UC Davis JULIE RENE Managing Partner, Provident Management LESLIE ANASTASSATOS Non-Profit management JOSHUA NYABERI AVP Account executive Kensington Management group PROFESSOR RAPHAEL MUNAVU University of Nairobi, Commission of Revenue Allocation SEBASTIAN SARTOR Music Producer, Student, Web 2.0 social media marketing MIKE SINESI, Architect, Kao Design JONATHAN TODD President, Ecological Design SETH HOLMES Architect, Kao Design AMY LATTVA-KOKKO Architect, Kao Design
  95. 95.   Connie Nielsen is an actor ( and the founder of Human Needs Project. Connie Nielsen has starred in films on both sides of the Atlantic, such as Gladiator, Mission to Mars, Devil’s Advocate, The Hunted, One Hour Photo, Demonlover and Brothers to name a few. In April 2010, Connie Nielsen went to Nairobi, Kenya to shoot a film, Lost in Africa, major parts of which take place in the slum of Kibera. While touring the slum, Ms. Nielsen was surprised to find that hundreds of thousands of people living in the center of a modern city like Nairobi had no access to water and were spending large amounts of time and money to obtain water that did not provide them any guarantees of quality. In fact, the water is often a source of serious diseases, which further add to the host of problems the desperately poor residents have to deal with. She decided to build a well with water-based and communications/informational services there and teamed up with David Warner to create Human Needs Project. David Warner is the CEO of Redhorse Constructors, a Bay Area-based Sustainable Construction firm. For the past twenty years, Redhorse has performed general building construction contracts throughout the greater San Francisco Bay Area with emphasis in site work, reinforced concrete foundations, seismic strengthening of existing structures, new custom Single Family Dwellings, high end, complex house renovations, and commercial-scale projects. Redhorse Constructors actively pursues contributing to the built environment through “green” measures.  Several projects constructed by Redhorse have sought to achieve conventional building practices through sustainable materials, methods, and strategies.  Often driven by the client’s interest, successful green projects combine new systems and product experimentation with challenging “ever yday” use requirements. Redhorse’s dedication to these ideals produces buildings that blend the natural and built environment, substantially reducing resource and energy use while providing a sustainable residential development model.   David Warner is also a member of the Advisory Board of College of Natural Resources at the University of California at Berkeley.   Daniel Kammen is the Class of 1935 Distinguished Professor of Energy at the University of California, Berkeley, where he holds appointments in the Energy and Resources Group, the Goldman School of Public Policy, and the department of Nuclear Engineering. Kammen is the founding director of the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) and the co-Director of the Berkeley Institute of the Environment.  Kammen is the Director of the Transportation Sustainability Research Center.  Kammen received his undergraduate (Cornell A., B. ’84) and graduate (Harvard M. A. ’86, Ph.D. ’88) training is in physics. After postdoctoral work at Caltech and Harvard, Kammen was professor and Chair of the Science, Technology and Environmental Policy at Princeton University in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs from 1993 – 1998.  He then moved to the University of California, Berkeley.  Daniel Kammen is a coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.  He hosted the Discovery Channel series ‘ Ecopolis, and had appeared on NOVA, and on ’ 60 Minutes ’ twice. In April 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton named Daniel Kammen of the University of California, Berkeley, a Senior Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) Fellow to advise our neighbors in the Western Hemisphere on clean energy issues. Daniel Kammen is now the Clean Energy ‘Czar’ at the World Bank.     JOHN O’CONNOR has been involved in international education for the past 25 years, and has over 20 years experience working in schools in Kenya.  As Director at Brookhouse International School in Nairobi, John leads a staff team of 230 committed to preparing young people from over 40 nations to serve society as the responsible leaders of tomorrow.  Born in Perth, Australia, John took Kenyan citizenship 10 years ago.  He currently serves on the Board of the international Round Square schools organization devoted to holistic education worldwide.   
  96. 96. Jim Wunderman President & Chief Executive Officer, Bay Area Council, a business-backed public policy organization in the San Francisco-Oakland-Silicon Valley Bay Area.  Led by its CEO and members, the Bay Area Council is the strong, united voice of more than 275 of the largest Bay Area employers, representing more than 500,000 workers, or one of every six private sector employees.  Since becoming CEO in 2004, Wunderman has led the 64-year-old public policy organization to become one of the most influential, effective institutions of its kind. 

Under Wunderman’s leadership, the Council has grown significantly in membership, revenue and profile, and has developed a global competitiveness strategy for the Bay Area that serves as a model for other regions.  Some of the core elements of the global competitiveness strategy are to develop world-class infrastructure, a second-to-none education system, and to enact a smart growth plan that will stand in an era of climate change and economic pressures. Wunderman has also helped the Council develop deep and collaborative relationships with leaders in Washington, D.C. and Sacramento. Prior to the Bay Area Council, Wunderman held key positions in both the private and public sectors. John Todd In 1989 Dr. John Todd , an internationally recognized inventor and a pioneer in the design and construction of ecological wastewater treatment systems, decided it was time to offer a cost-effective, renewable or what is now commonly referred to as “green” solution to the growing global wastewater crisis. The company Dr. Todd founded, John Todd Ecological Design, has constructed dozens of Eco-Machine wastewater treatment systems based on Dr. Todd’s visionary ecological philosophy and award-winning practical designs in eleven countries on five continents around the world. Today, headed by Jonathan Todd, John Todd Ecological Design commercializes Dr. Todd’s discoveries with an approach that is well suited for reuse applications in municipal and a variety of commercial wastewater environments including commercial residential designs. Many of our installed systems are zero discharge systems; all the treated water is reused on site. 
 Jonathan Kaplan, the entrepreneurial founder of Flip Video, has launched a new venture called The Melt – a new fast casual restaurant business that combines technology with simple, irresistible cuisine for a fun, memorable dining experience. The Melt will specialize in high-quality grilled cheese sandwiches and seasonably fresh soups.   Prior to starting The Melt, Kaplan served as senior vice president and general manager of the Cisco Consumer Business group after his former company, Pure Digital Technologies, was acquired in 2009. As CEO, Chairperson and Founder of Pure Digital Technologies, Kaplan invented the wildly popular Flip video camcorder line. The industry-changing impact of the Flip video family was noted by Business Week, as it featured Kaplan as one of the Most Influential People on the Web for 2008.   Previously, he founded FamilyWonder, a leading children’s entertainment venture which was sold to SEGA of Japan in 2001. Before that he served as a vice president and the publisher at Geoworks, where he was responsible for the creation and leadership of a wireless software development group targeting the international cellular markets. Kaplan began his career in publishing at Conde Nast Publication in New York City where he also taught as an adjunct professor at New York University.   Kaplan sits on the board of director for several Bay Area technology companies and non-profit organizations and holds a bachelor’s of science degree in industrial management from Carnegie Mellon University.   Norman Hantzsche CEO of Questa Engineering . Based in Point Richmond, with field offices in Napa Valley and Berkeley, Questa was founded as a California corporation in 1983.  Questa offers complete engineering design and planning services to government and private sector clients in water resource management, water and wastewater treatment, public works, resource conservation, trail and park public access, bicycle and pedestrian pathway design, watershed management, wetlands and stream corridor restoration and habitat enhancement,  landscape architecture, slope and bank stability,  groundwater studies, and toxic/hazardous materials investigation and remediation.  Questa is a pioneer in integrating hydraulic, hydrologic, geomorphic, geological, and geotechnical evaluations to develop comprehensive, creative solutions.
  97. 97. Kenneth Kao Lecturer in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Harvard, and CEO of Kao Design For over 20 years, Dr. Kao has researched and taught topics on Building Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability at Harvard Graduate School of Design (HGSD). Kao offered courses in Net Zero Energy Development, Emerging Green Technologies, Building Construction Materials & Methods, Computer Aided Design, Engineering, and Manufacturing, Architectural Component Prototype, Frank Lloyd Wright and Modern architects’ building experiments. Kao advised Doctoral students’ technology research, served as Masters’ thesis design advisor and on the admissions committee, and collaborated on curriculum development with the building technology group. Kao co-authored Digital Design and Manufacture: CAD/CAM in Architecture and Design , book published by Wiley Press, wrote “Frank Lloyd Wright: Experiments in the Art of Building.” Kao’s research and designs have been published in Modulus , SPACE-Art & Architecture , and Arts & the Islamic World .  Kao has also taught at ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, served as guest design critic at Yale University, Architectural Association in London, and lectured at Tufts University, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and Rhode Island School of Design. Founded in 1995, Kao Design Group's recent projects include numerous environmentally sensitive site planning and residential projects in California, New England, British Virgin Islands; an Environmental Education Museum in DC, Modular exhibition pavilions. The studio has undertaken research in building components. They won the group award for Harvard's Vision of Sustainability competition. Kao joined Sim Van Der Ryn in an Eco Design Collaborative to develop Green Campus Design and master plan Guideline for College of Marin, and other environmentally sensitive design initiatives.   W illiam Oguto is the leader of Eleven Brothers security, which provides security for many companies in Nairobi, notably film productions shooting in Kibera. William is a community organizer in Kibera with HNP and interfaces for HNP with the Elder’s Council, Community Groups, the Chief and the City Council. William also oversees recruiting, and site management for HNP.   Joyce Oneko , Lawyer, Kenya, West Arica, is a founding member of the Mama & Dada Management Project (MADAM), a community-based initiative based in a small rural lakeside village on the shores of Lake Victoria in the Nyanza Province of Kenya. The project is geared toward HIV/AIDS prevention, awareness creation and care and support interventions. It assists in empowering girls and young women to gain mental and financial independence through education. Joyce Oneko left a lucrative law practice after twenty five years when she lost her only son in a road accident. Born in 1953 in Kisumu, Kenya, Joyce went to a local school before leaving her village to attend a girl's high school on scholarship. Later she studied Sociology and obtained a law degree. Joyce believes that there can be no lasting improvement in the lives of women if girls are not given the opportunity to acMama Na Dada was established in 1998 by two African women who believe that there can be no improvement in the lives of women, if girls are not given the right tools and opportunity to achieve their true potential. Through their work and their own personal experiences, the two women noticed that most girls are discriminated against from the earliest stages of their lives, through childhood and into adulthood. This makes the Girl/Child more susceptible to violence, especially of a sexual nature, such as rape, sexual attacks, sexual exploitation and trafficking. As a result these girls suffer from little or no self-esteem, poor school performance and early school drop out., preventing them from achieving their true potential. She co-created Mama Na Dada in 1998 to address this potential. Joyce holds a law degree from the University of Wolverhampton, England, and a Diploma in Counselling. She has been practising law in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, but left the practice at the end of September, 2001 to concentrate on doing community work with Mama Na Dada. Juliet Dima is a legal and management consultant with her roots in education. Having first obtained her LLB with honors at the University of Nairobi she went to work as a secondary and high school teacher. Her passionate interest in poverty issues and in human rights led her back to university, to fulfill her goals to build community capacity through Legal and Social research and intensify Advocacy for good Governance , Social Justice and Defence for Human Rights and where, in 2002, she graduated with honors in Political Science. Juliet has since managed and consulted for poverty groups, and is now the Project Leader for HNP Kenya.
  98. 98. Pat Turner, Vice-Provost of Undergraduate studies at UC Davis. Vice Provost Turner recently completed her fourth book, Crafted Lives: Stories and Studies of African-American Quilters (University of Mississippi Press, 2009). Her earlier books include Whispers on the Color Line: Rumor and Race in America (with Gary Alan Fine) University of California Press, 2001, Ceramic Uncles and Celluloid Mammies: Black Images and Their Influence on Culture (originally published by Anchor Books 1994, reissued by University of Virginia Press, 2002), and I Heard It Through the Grapevine: Rumor in African-American Culture (University of California Press, 1993). Turner has served as a consulting scholar on several documentary film projects. She conducted research for and appeared on camera in Marlon Riggs' Ethnic Notions which received a national Emmy award in 1989 for best research in a documentary. She also conducted research for and appeared on camera in his 1992 Peabody-award winning film Color Adjustment. Most recently, she was interviewed for a film on quilt artist Riché Richardson entitled &quot;Portrait of the Artist: Riché Richardson.&quot; Turner's commentary on issues related to folklore and popular culture is frequently sought by print, radio and television journalists. She has been interviewed for stories in the New York Times, Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, LA Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, and many other prominent publications. She has completed dozens of radio interviews including features on Fresh Air, Talk of the Nation, and All Things Considered. She has appeared on the NBC Nightly News, the CBS Evening News, the O'Reilly Factor and her book I Heard It Through the Grapevine inspired a story on ABC's 20/20.   Yema Khalif is a website designer and programmer living in Kibera. Yema is also a community organizer in Kibera for HNP and designed the HNP website. Yema interfaces with HNP and other community groups in Kibera, having volunteered extensively since high school. Yema will attend Dominican University of California this fall on a full scholarship.   Dan Prull , Ph.D, LEED® AP BD+C, is Energy Director at Redhorse Constructors, San Francisco Bay Area and Energy System Design Consultant at Moskito Island. Dan is Responsible for the complete design of a new renewable energy system for Moskito Island in the British Virgin Is. (BVI) - incorporating energy storage, distributed generation sources (e.g. wind, solar and diesel) along with multiple levels of redundancy and control to ensure seamless and autonomous operation. Prior to that, Dan served as Chief Technical Officer at Virgin Renew , where he was hand selected by Sir Richard Branson to Co-Found Virgin Renew. As a founding team member, Dan was responsible for leading development of the Virgin Group’s entry into renewable energy services. Responsible for design and implementation of company strategy and supporting business plan as well as the creation of appropriate reporting mechanisms to measure the success of the business. University of California, Berkeley - Ph.D. , Mechanical Engineering with a Designated Emphasis in Energy Science and Technology , 2005 — 2008. M.S. , Mechanical Engineering , 2003 — 2005Researcher - Renewable and Appropriate Energy Lab: His dissertation research was done at the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Lab (RAEL) under the guidance of my adviser, Daniel Kammen. University of Colorado at Boulder, B.S. , Mechanical Engineering , 1998 — 2003. Andy Barkett After earning a BA in Political Economy from UC Berkeley, Andy has split his time between private and public endeavors.  In addition to working at Google and now managing engineering teams at Facebook, Andy has worked at two successful venture backed startups and collaborated with classmates from the UC Davis Graduate School of Management, where he earned his MBA, on a venture called Greenlight Apparel, which provides apparel produced in an environmentally and socially responsible manner to the organizers of races and other events.   His passion for social issues also extends to education, and Andy has volunteered at schools, supported school board candidates, and served on the founding board of directors for Oakland Collegiate, a group exploring charter school options for underprivileged neighborhoods in Oakland, CA.  Andy is currently helping to bring together academics, entrepreneurs, and others to provide business and operational planning for the Human Needs Project. 
  99. 99. Joshua Nyaberi hails from Kenya, and has been resident in the Cayman Islands since 2006. After graduating from the University of Nairobi in 2002, he joined PricewaterhouseCoopers in Nairobi before moving to the Cayman Islands to work for Deloitte & Touche in 2006 leading diverse audit teams that provided service to Hedge Funds and other financial services entities. in 2007, Joshua joined Kensington Management Group Ltd as Vice President and h leads professional teams assigned to a portfolio of Captive Insurance Companies and coordinates all financial and insurance services from a wide range of external service providers as well as ensuring regulatory compliance with the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority. Professor Raphael Munavu is a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Nairobi. He attended Kalamazoo College (B.A.) from 1967 to 1970; Wayne State University (M.Sc. in Chemistry) from 1970 to 1972; and the University of Detroit ( Ph. D. in Chemistry) from 1972 to 1975. His areas of academic specialization are Natural Products , Organic Synthesis, Environmental and Industrial chemistry. Munavu has published over sixty (60) refereed and commissioned papers and supervised twenty one (21) post graduate students in Chemistry. He has written teaching manuals in Organic Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry, Carbohydrate Chemistry and Renewable Resources of Energy.   Munavu is the current Chairman of the Kenya National Examinations Council (2000-present), Vice-Chairman and Fellow of the Kenya National Academy of Sciences, and Chairman of the Board of Governors of UKAI agricultural institute. He is a member of the District Education Board of Machakos District. Previously, Munavu served as Hon. Secretary of the Association of Faculties of Science of African Universities, AFSAU, between 1986-1992.   He was conferred with the national honours, Order of the Grand Warrior (OGW) in 1994, and the Elder of the Burning Spear (EBS) in 2001, for his services in the Higher Education Sector. In 2000, he was awarded an honorary doctorate of Humane Letters, Honoris causa (D.Litt) by Kalamazoo College (USA), in recognition of his role in entrenching successful inter-university linkages between universities in Kenya and other foreign universities. Lynn Younglove PHOTO STUDIO PRODUCER AT PERISCOPE ADVERTISING AGENCY - Minneapolis, Minnesota. Lynn is Periscope’s photo studio manager and producer of photography shoots.  She coordinates all details involved in creating a photo shoot; estimates, locations, acquires permits, negotiates talent rates, hires vendors such as; make-up/hair, prop wardrobe and food styling. Prior to Periscope, Lynn free lanced for the past thirteen years in motion pictures including films and television commercials.  Her diverse background in all areas of film production include working on films such as; Grumpier Old Men, Jingle All the Way, The Horse Whisperer in Montana, A Simple Plan, Dr. Doolittle and Mortal Combat in New York, Factotum, and A Prairie Home Companion.  During these years she has lived and worked all over the world;  New York, Montana, Denmark and Los Angeles. Ulrich Nielsen is the Chief Technology Officer and IT Director at Insightformation, and has served in this capacity since 2002.  Mr. Nielsen oversees the design, development, and deployment of all released software products, including our new software product InsightVision 2.0 , managing an international development team consisting of an in-house development team as well as an off-shore development team. He has organized and lead customer support infrastructure, including online support, phone support and internal support, as well as the entire network infrastructure at Insightformation. In addition, he provided client training and project management support to oversee large client implementations. Before working for Insightformation, Mr. Nielsen worked as a product manager with Sprint-Nextel, where he was part of the “number portability” initiative. Prior to that, he consulted for Nielsen Consulting Services, inc, and Renaissance Worldwide, Inc. to bridge customers, partners and the development team.  Mr. Nielsen is originally from Denmark, and in addition to his other many skills, he speaks English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, German, and some French and Italian. He holds a degree in Data Mathematics from Aalborg University, Denmark. Mr. Nielsen lives in Watertown, MN with this wife and two children. He likes to golf, coach soccer, and travel abroad when he can find the time.
  100. 100. Jedida Oneko is a freelance journalist, NGO communications consultant and poet. Jedida has a bachelor’s degree in journalism with a concentration in print media, but also undertook broadcast and public relations courses, while studying at the United States International University (Nairobi campus).   Having worked in several roles in community development, Jedida also undertook a Certificate in general counselling and later the Training for Transformation (TFT) diploma course in South Africa, and accredited to Kimmage University in Ireland. TFT is a development course covering Gender studies, Environmental studies, Conflict resolution, Global and local economics, Developing countries’ health issues, Project management, Organizational development and Personal development.   As a freelance journalist, Jedida is a writer for Ndege, the in-flight magazine for AirKenya and does article writing and repurposing of reports into articles for: Amnesty International (Australia); British Council (Kenya); Inwent Magazine (Germany); and AfriCOG (Africa Center for Open governance).
  101. 101. Jim Wunderman “ I was excited about the project from the time Connie first described it to me – the chance to do something so meaningful for people who live in such desperate conditions really grabbed me.  I spend most of my time at the Bay Area Council worrying about how to fix the problems we face here at home, but then when you consider what people go through just to survive in the Kiberas of the world, it puts things into context.   But my “HNP moment” – at least thus far – was when Connie introduced the project to my students at UC Davis, the idea being to entice at least a few of these soon to be MBA’s to volunteer. I was so moved by my students’ expressions – so many jaws dropping – as she explained the need and detailed the potential for real solutions we could drive.  These students work full time in addition to participating in a most consuming MBA program – yet to a person they were taken by the magnitude of what HNP can mean.   And yes, a whole crew of them jumped up after the class was over when asked to sign up, and they’ve been working on the economics of the project ever since.   During the quarter, I introduced the students to many CEOs and industry leaders who spoke of their challenges and their leadership styles, and as usual, the class was impressed.  But there was no more profound moment, not even close, than when Connie took the floor and showed them, in effect, how their own expertise and contribution could do so much more than simply boost sales or increase quarterly earnings.  I believe a lot of perspectives were changed that night, making it not only my HNP moment, but my UC Davis moment, too.”     Andy Barkett's : &quot;There are few times in our lives when we are presented with an opportunity to make a massive difference in the lives of many, many people.  The human needs project is just such an opportunity.  In our busy lives, it is hard to find the time or the energy to dedicate to seemingly intractable problems like global poverty and disease.  The Human Needs Project is a cause for which I will gladly let other things slide.  The opportunity to help one person transition from a life of squalor to a vibrant, healthy life is a worthwhile endeavor.  The Human Needs Project is an opportunity to help thousands, or maybe more.  It is not just an opportunity to give them a computer, a vaccination, or even a roof to live under; the Human Needs Project is an opportunity to give hardworking, intelligent, and beautiful people in Kenya an opportunity to transform their own lives, permanently, for the better. &quot; Dan Prull &quot;I've been able to work on a variety of sustainable development projects throughout my career; from designing renewable micro-grids on exclusive private islands to planning large-scale geothermal power.  To me, Human Needs Project provides a platform to adapt these same green technologies for use anywhere in the world.  HNP shows that Kibera deserves to prosper from this green technology as much, if not more, than we do in the US.” Daniel Kammen “ The formation of the board of HNP, seeing the concrete community center plans, and the complex back and forth with the Government of Kenya all made the realities of the project and the realities of the process clear to us all.  We clearly have much to do, but under the exceptionally energetic guidance of Connie, I can certainly see a working community center in my mind even before it is launched. What is most exciting to me is to see how the HNP community center model could scale.  The need for not only clean and safe water, energy, and training is vital, but so is the organizational model of community-owned, externally-partnered infrastructure for basic human needs.  I am particularly sensitive to the need to replicate the model when I work in rural Kenya, such as in the community described in my National Geographic blog: We need to bottle and spread Connie's energy!”     HNP ON HNP
  102. 102. Ken Kao &quot;HNP inspires us to collaborate and innovate, to offer ckean sanitation and energy, and to provide access to health and education. By creating a prototypes of green, local, appropriate technology pods, we aim to construct safe micro community hubs of enterprises.  We are motivated to support means for local self improvements.  We hope to ignite the spark of revitalization, to strategically sustain continually improving quality of life and well being for the community.&quot;   David Warner “ The Human Needs Project represents the gift of giving back and helping others.   The goal of providing fresh water, renewable energy, sanitation and community services to the second largest urban slum in the world is a small contribution to a complex problem.  Being a part of HNP allows me to be a part of something bigger than myself.  One of my most memorable moments was standing in Kibera at the same spot that Senator Obama stood speaking to the community about hope and a better future for all and I am honored to be a part of that effort to create social change. ”   Jonathan Kaplan “ As an entrepreneur and business builder, I'm thrilled to be helping HNP bring basic human needs and fundamental business services to the entrepreneurial communities of Kibera. I'm also very proud to be associated with such a great group of people who have dedicated much of their lives to guaranteeing a better life for those around them. The on-the-ground team at HNP are world class and their gentle and thoughtful integration with the local communities in Kibera will be extremely efficient and effective. Connie's passionate and enthusiastic leadership combined with the dedication of David Warner and his team has made working with this group truly rewarding.”   Connie Nielsen &quot; I shot Lost in Africa in Nairobi in April 2010. The film is a story about an adopted child who comes to Africa to reconnect with his heritage, but who gets lost and ends up in the slum of Kibera, one of over two hundred slums in Nairobi. I wanted to do the film because it was the first script that I had read where the poorest people on the planet actually achieve humanity and personality, even as it highlights the extreme deprivations of people living in Kibera. I spent my days off walking around Kibera and getting to know the place and some of the people who live and work there. I found it extraordinary to see a place so completely devoid of any semblance of public infrastructure, - in the middle of one of the greatest cities in Africa. As I walked around this sloping square mile of mud lanes, mud houses and piles upon piles of garbage and the unmistakable smell of human excreta, it struck me that I was looking at a prison with three hundred thousand inmates. There were some of the same conditions as in prisons: scarcity of goods, extreme over-crowding, violence and an almost total absence of choice. The residents had no way out of their misery. There was no 'motor' or compelling source of energy which could grant the people here any escape from the confined lives they were living. The desperately poor spend all their time surviving: education becomes an unaffordable luxury. But what they really spent a great time and money on, turned out to be the task of getting water. My friend and guide, William Ogutu, stressed the problem to me over and over, - there was little to no water, and the water there was, was expensive and the source of it was not knowable. A Kiberan pays eight times more for his water, than the middle class in Nairobi a mile down the road need pay for water, which gets piped into their houses. My friend, Yema Khalif returned to Kibera from visiting Denmark following his work on the film. It cast him into a depression. He wrote this in an email:  &quot;I experienced a different life in Europe, a life where things are possible if you are smart hence you can make things happen for yourself you know. I mean all my life I have been looking for a breakthrough of creating a different life for myself and family and now i am back in Kibera where so little happens and life is kind of stagnant in a way which makes me to feel so wasted at times. I know I am good at the things I do because I always give it my all. To tell you the truth I am the first son in my family and I got 6 siblings who look up to me so I have to step up to the challenge. So I must succeed in life and that's why I will go visit [with my friend in the UK] to see what I can make of myself. I have always wanted to pursue a life in London or the US, but am still searching for that opportunity.” (CONT.)
  103. 103. CONNIE NIELSEN (CONT.) I promised William that I would build a well and we went looking for a spot. When we agreed that a particular patch of high lying ground would work perfectly, he went and checked with the Elder's Council to see if it was available and if we could have it for a well. Then I returned to San Francisco, and started to plan a well. But I couldn't stop thinking of the implication on people's lives of living without any sort of infrastructure at all; - I felt water was only the mere beginning of alleviating some of the stresses they were having to deal with. What about toilets and showers - things I simply could not imagine living in a city and not have access to. One thing was lack of basic services in rural areas, where there is space and if there were clean waterways it could somewhat compare to camping in nature (which I do but very reluctantly). Another was to live every day of your life, in the big city, without the dignity of being able to relieve yourself in a sanitary fashion and to maintain simple hygienic standards. Once I started looking, the numbers for disease and child mortality in Kibera sprung out at me and cemented a resolve to do more than boring a hole in the ground and fastening a hand pump on top. To pump enough for showers I would need real power, -another mostly absent amenity in Kibera. I decided solar panels would make the most sense in this part of Africa, with a back-up plan for the rainy months. I wondered about the prison thing, the words in Yema's mail - &quot;stagnant&quot;, &quot;wasted&quot;, &quot;creating a life for myself&quot;. I felt I needed to set up some sort of program, which could do something about that. I had now accumulated several aspects to add to the Well I wanted build: Water, showers, toilets, - adult education? At home I was preparing to build a new house, and at a planning meeting with our Contractor and our Architect around our kitchen table, I realized that I was looking at someone who had exactly the kind of knowledge I did not have: How to build, - anything. David Warner is the CEO of Redhorse Contractors, and he has built some of the most progressive and extraordinary houses in Northern California. He is an expert in incorporating clean technology and as we were looking to go practically off-grid in our new house, - he was the obvious choice to help build our house. I looked into his kind face, so capable of enthusiasm and joy in his work. And I asked him, seemingly out of the blue, - would you build a well in Africa with me? And with no hesitation at all - he said, - Yes. I now look back, almost a year later, and think to myself, - what a great instinct that was. Through David, I met Daniel Kammen, of UC at Berkeley and the World Bank, and Ken Kao of Harvard and Kao Design, now our Chief Technical Specialist and Chief Designer, respectively. I invited Jim Kammen of the Bay Area Council, and he in turn brought in his team of former students from UC Davis, Andy Barkett and Sonny Aulakh, who with present graduate students created our Economic Team. Then Jonathan Kaplan and Marci Glazer joined in, the Tomkowicz Family and their Waterhope foundation, Dan Prull, John and Jonathan Todd, Norman Hantzsche, Julie Rene, Joan Soekotjo, Joyce Oneko, John O'Connor, Yema Khalif, William Ogutu and all our friends in Kibera, all met up, and made HNP what it is today. HNP now has over 40 collaborators in the US and Kenya. HNP is fully funded and is awaiting permits to start building an extraordinary, Clean Energy, full-service, Center in Kibera. Experts in Clean Technology, Design and Architechture, Education, Business and Economics have rounded out the vision of the HNP Concept and are working, - all for absolutely free -, to help Kibera get a motor going, some sort of compelling source of energy, which may help break down the barriers of their poverty, and perhaps, set them free.&quot;    
  105. 105. ADDENDUM
  106. 106. Sewage Treatment
  107. 107.
  108. 108. Clean Water Treatment UV-Tube for Disinfecting Water This UV-Tube has been getting some press in the wake of hurricane Katrina. It is a low-cost water disinfecting system, which basically consists of a plastic tube and an ultraviolet light bulb, which can be run on solar power. It processes about five liters of water per minute. Ultraviolet light has been used to disinfect water for quite a while now. The inventors say the UV-Tube differs from other systems because it is inexpensive and less energy intensive. &quot;If you run the system throughout the day, you can get drinking water for hundreds of people,&quot; said graduate student Micah Lang at the University of California, Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. The team recently conducted a round of field tests with a solar-powered version of the tube in a tsunami-ravaged village in Sri Lanka and in rural villages in Baja California. The tests have gone quite well, Lang and Kammen said. &quot;It is a great way to kill most of the pathogens in decaying fecal matter,&quot; said Kammen.
  109. 109.
  110. 110. Clean Energy Generation