East asian geographical notes

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  • East asian geographical notes

    1. 1. Chapter 5 East Asia
    2. 2. Figure 5.03
    3. 3. East Asian Miracle Reemergence as a world political, economic, and cultural force in late 20th century. 24% of world’s population 20% of world’s economic output Present conditions based on millennia of cultural and technological development
    4. 4. East Asian Miracle From Poverty and Defeat to Renewed Eminence  Mid-20th century:  Poverty  Political disruption  Cultural confusion  Late 20th century:  Growth of economies of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China
    5. 5. Figure 5.04 Percentage of global economy these economies form.
    6. 6. Cultural and PoliticalInfluences Chinese Empires  Foundations of Chinese Cultures  Confucius (Kong Fuzi)  Daoism  Mongol Invasions  Later Empires
    7. 7. Figure 5.07 Historical migrations of Chinese influence into parts of Asia. (note also the influence of India into S.E. Asia).
    8. 8. Cultural and PoliticalInfluences Japanese Isolationism  Shinto  Pantheistic religion Korean Origins Responses to European Intrusions  China Resists Colonization  Disrupted Chinese Republic  Japanese Aggression
    9. 9. Natural Environments Subtropical and Midlatitude Climates  Monsoon climatic environment  Midlatitude east coast climatic environments  Mountains and Major Rivers  Himalayas  Tibetan Plateau  Karst  Major rivers  Huang He (Yellow), Chang Jiang (Yangtze), Zhu Jiang (Pearl)
    10. 10. Karst towers - Guilin, China.
    11. 11. Figure 5.10
    12. 12. Natural Environments Forests, Grasslands, and Desert Country Boundaries  Buffer state Natural Resources Environmental Problems Natural Hazards
    13. 13. Figure 5.12
    14. 14. Natural Environments Human Impacts and Responses Diseases Pollution Environmental Policies
    15. 15. Globalization and East Asia East Asian Governmental Contrasts Huge Numbers of People  1.5 billion people  Japan’s urban concentrations  Tokaido megalopolis  Suburbanization & Counterurbanization  Japanese city landscapes  Urban focus in the Koreas  Urban vs. rural population in China  Shantytowns
    16. 16. Globalization and East Asia Huge Numbers of People  Global City–Regions in East Asia Population Pressures in Japan and the Koreas Chinese Population Dynamics Overseas Chinese  Transnational Chinese economy
    17. 17. Figure 5.16
    18. 18. Table 5.02
    19. 19. Table 5.01a
    20. 20. Globalization and East Asia In the Economic Forefront: Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan  East Asian Multinationals  The Example of Toyota  International Tourism Recent Entry: China  China and the World Trade Organization Will Miracle Growth Continue?
    21. 21. Globalization and East Asia Global and Local Culture Human Rights
    22. 22. Japan Japanese Ethnicity Japanese Identity Economic Development  Agriculture  Manufactures  Reconstruction  Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI)  Increasing costs and “Just in Time”  Global Investments  Renewed Economic Challenges and Services Growth
    23. 23. Japan Japan’s Regions and Cities  Hokkaido  Honshu  Shikoku  Kyushu  Ryukyu Islands
    24. 24. The Koreas Korean peninsula divided following World War II  North Korea (People’s Democratic Republic of Korea)  Communist  Dictatorship since inception  Kim Il Sun, Kim Jong-il  South Korea (Republic of Korea)  Became an urban-industrial country linked to the West  Democracy and dictatorship  Chaebol
    25. 25. The Koreas South Korean Economic Development  Reconstruction and Economic Growth  Manufacturing and the Chaebol  Developing Broader Interests Economic Stagnation in North Korea  Isolationist  Poverty and famine
    26. 26. China, Mongolia, and Taiwan World’s most populous country (1.3 billion) Political, Economic, and Social Ups and Downs Ethnicity in China Collectivization and Communes The Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution
    27. 27. China, Mongolia, and Taiwan China Joins the Wider World Household responsibility system Internal Political Tensions in the 2000s
    28. 28. China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Economic Development  The Chinese Economy, 1949–1976  New Policies and New Growth after 1976  Farming and Rural Living in the 2000s  Water Resources  Chinese Energy Policy  Growth in Chinese Manufacturing  Increasing Steel Output  China’s auto-making Industry  Expansion of Tertiary Industries  Attacking Poverty in China
    29. 29. China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Regions and Cities in China  Eastern Coastal Regions  Interior behind the Coastal Regions  Deep Interior Regions  Hong Kong  Macau’s New Approach to Gaming Mongolian Isolation  Mongolian People  Mongolia’s Limited Resources Taiwan  Taiwanese Economy

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