East Asian Miracle Reemergence as a world political, economic, and cultural force in late 20th century. 24% of world’s population 20% of world’s economic output Present conditions based on millennia of cultural and technological development
East Asian Miracle From Poverty and Defeat to Renewed Eminence Mid-20th century: Poverty Political disruption Cultural confusion Late 20th century: Growth of economies of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China
Figure 5.04 Percentage of global economy these economies form.
Cultural and PoliticalInfluences Chinese Empires Foundations of Chinese Cultures Confucius (Kong Fuzi) Daoism Mongol Invasions Later Empires
Figure 5.07 Historical migrations of Chinese influence into parts of Asia. (note also the influence of India into S.E. Asia).
Cultural and PoliticalInfluences Japanese Isolationism Shinto Pantheistic religion Korean Origins Responses to European Intrusions China Resists Colonization Disrupted Chinese Republic Japanese Aggression
Natural Environments Subtropical and Midlatitude Climates Monsoon climatic environment Midlatitude east coast climatic environments Mountains and Major Rivers Himalayas Tibetan Plateau Karst Major rivers Huang He (Yellow), Chang Jiang (Yangtze), Zhu Jiang (Pearl)
Natural Environments Human Impacts and Responses Diseases Pollution Environmental Policies
Globalization and East Asia East Asian Governmental Contrasts Huge Numbers of People 1.5 billion people Japan’s urban concentrations Tokaido megalopolis Suburbanization & Counterurbanization Japanese city landscapes Urban focus in the Koreas Urban vs. rural population in China Shantytowns
Globalization and East Asia Huge Numbers of People Global City–Regions in East Asia Population Pressures in Japan and the Koreas Chinese Population Dynamics Overseas Chinese Transnational Chinese economy
Globalization and East Asia In the Economic Forefront: Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan East Asian Multinationals The Example of Toyota International Tourism Recent Entry: China China and the World Trade Organization Will Miracle Growth Continue?
Globalization and East Asia Global and Local Culture Human Rights
Japan Japanese Ethnicity Japanese Identity Economic Development Agriculture Manufactures Reconstruction Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Increasing costs and “Just in Time” Global Investments Renewed Economic Challenges and Services Growth
Japan Japan’s Regions and Cities Hokkaido Honshu Shikoku Kyushu Ryukyu Islands
The Koreas Korean peninsula divided following World War II North Korea (People’s Democratic Republic of Korea) Communist Dictatorship since inception Kim Il Sun, Kim Jong-il South Korea (Republic of Korea) Became an urban-industrial country linked to the West Democracy and dictatorship Chaebol
The Koreas South Korean Economic Development Reconstruction and Economic Growth Manufacturing and the Chaebol Developing Broader Interests Economic Stagnation in North Korea Isolationist Poverty and famine
China, Mongolia, and Taiwan World’s most populous country (1.3 billion) Political, Economic, and Social Ups and Downs Ethnicity in China Collectivization and Communes The Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution
China, Mongolia, and Taiwan China Joins the Wider World Household responsibility system Internal Political Tensions in the 2000s
China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Economic Development The Chinese Economy, 1949–1976 New Policies and New Growth after 1976 Farming and Rural Living in the 2000s Water Resources Chinese Energy Policy Growth in Chinese Manufacturing Increasing Steel Output China’s auto-making Industry Expansion of Tertiary Industries Attacking Poverty in China
China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Regions and Cities in China Eastern Coastal Regions Interior behind the Coastal Regions Deep Interior Regions Hong Kong Macau’s New Approach to Gaming Mongolian Isolation Mongolian People Mongolia’s Limited Resources Taiwan Taiwanese Economy