Chapter 5      Early Society in East Asia                                                                                 ...
The Yellow River   3000 Miles: Tibet to the Yellow Sea   Deposits fertile, light colored soil   Periodic flooding: “Chi...
Prehistoric Society: Yangshao   5000-3000 BCE   Banpo Village   Painted pottery   Bronze tools                        ...
The Earliest Dynasties                                                               Xia                                 ...
Shang Dynasty   Bronze metallurgy from 1200 BCE       State monopoly   Horse-drawn chariots, other wheeled vehicles   ...
Shang Dynasty Burial Practices   Hierarchical social structure   Live burials alongside deceased member of ruling class ...
Zhou Dynasty, 1122-256 BCE   No law codes: rule by decree       “Mandate of Heaven”   Aggregation of villages opposed t...
Decline of the Zhou Dynasty   Decentralized leadership style allows for building    of regional powers       Increasing ...
Period of the Warring States (403-221BCE)                                                                                 ...
Social Order   Ruling classes great advantage       Palatial compounds, luxurious lifestyle       Supported by agricult...
Family and Patriarchy   devotion to family, ancestor veneration   connection of spirit world to physical world       Ri...
Oracle Bones and Early Chinese Writing   Used for communicating with spirit world,    determining future       Question ...
Oracle Bone from Shang Dynasty                                                                                            ...
Zhou Literature   Confucius (discussed in chapter 8)   Book of Changes       Manual for divination   Book of History ...
Nomadic Peoples of Central Asia   Steppe nomads       Poor lands for cultivation, extensive herding activities       Ho...
Southern Expansion of Chinese Society   Yangzi Valley       Yangzi river: Chang Jiang, “long river”       Excellent for...
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05 bentley3

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Early Society in East Asia 1 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  2. 2. The Yellow River 3000 Miles: Tibet to the Yellow Sea Deposits fertile, light colored soil Periodic flooding: “China’s sorrow” 2 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  3. 3. Prehistoric Society: Yangshao 5000-3000 BCE Banpo Village Painted pottery Bronze tools 3 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  4. 4. The Earliest Dynasties  Xia  C. 2200 BCE  Organized through village network  Hereditary monarchy  Flood control  Shang  1766-1122 BCE  Zhou  1122-256 BCE 4 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  5. 5. Shang Dynasty Bronze metallurgy from 1200 BCE  State monopoly Horse-drawn chariots, other wheeled vehicles Large armies Political organization: network of fortified cities, loyal to center  1000 cities  Capital moved six times  Impressive architecture at Ao, Yin Other regional kingdoms coexist: Sanxingdui 5 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  6. 6. Shang Dynasty Burial Practices Hierarchical social structure Live burials alongside deceased member of ruling class  Sacrificial victims, mostly slaves  Wives, servants, friends, hunting companions  Later replaced by statuary, often monumental 6 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  7. 7. Zhou Dynasty, 1122-256 BCE No law codes: rule by decree  “Mandate of Heaven” Aggregation of villages opposed to Shang leadership  Decentralization of authority Development of cheap iron weaponry ends Shang monopoly on Bronze Early money economy 7 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  8. 8. Decline of the Zhou Dynasty Decentralized leadership style allows for building of regional powers  Increasing local independence, refusal to pay Zhou taxes Iron metallurgy allows for widespread creation of weaponry Northern invaders weaken Zhou dynasty, beginning 8th c BCE Internal dissention: the Period of the Warring States (403-221 BCE) 8 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  9. 9. Period of the Warring States (403-221BCE) 9 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  10. 10. Social Order Ruling classes great advantage  Palatial compounds, luxurious lifestyle  Supported by agricultural surplus, tax revenues  Defended by monopoloy on bronze weaponry  Hereditary privilege Support class of artisans, craftsmen Evidence of long-distance trade, merchant class Large class of semiservile peasants Slave class 10 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  11. 11. Family and Patriarchy devotion to family, ancestor veneration connection of spirit world to physical world  Ritual sacrifices Father ritual head of family rites Earlier prominence of individual female leaders fades in later Shang, Zhou dynasties 11 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  12. 12. Oracle Bones and Early Chinese Writing Used for communicating with spirit world, determining future  Question written on animal bones, turtle shells  Then heated over fire, cracks examined for omens Early archaeological evidence of Chinese writing Evolution of Chinese script  Pictograph to ideograph 12 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  13. 13. Oracle Bone from Shang Dynasty 13 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  14. 14. Zhou Literature Confucius (discussed in chapter 8) Book of Changes  Manual for divination Book of History Book of Etiquette (Book of Rites) Book of Songs Little survived  Often written on perishable bamboo strips  Many destroyed by Emperor of Qin dynasty in 221 BCE 14 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  15. 15. Nomadic Peoples of Central Asia Steppe nomads  Poor lands for cultivation, extensive herding activities  Horses domesticated c. 4000 BCE, bronze metallurgy in 2900 BCE Extensive trade with sedentary cultures in China Tensions: frequent raiding 15 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.
  16. 16. Southern Expansion of Chinese Society Yangzi Valley  Yangzi river: Chang Jiang, “long river”  Excellent for rice cultivation  Irrigation system developed The State of Chu  Autonomous, challenged Zhou dynasty  Culture heavily influenced by Chinese 16 Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

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