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Paul Gallay Audrey Friedrichsen
President and Hudson Riverkeeper Land Use and Environmental Advocacy Attorney
Crude Oil Tr...
Protects the
Hudson River
watershed and
safeguards the
drinking water of
9 million
New Yorkers.
Crude oils are not created equal
Photo: Ben Garvin Photo: DOI
Shale Crude 20-25% Heavy Crude 0-5%
~2 Daily
3M Gallons
Weekly
8.4M Gallons
~1 Daily
4M Gallons
Fracked Shale Oil Moves By Rail to Albany from the
Bakken Oil Shale Formation
Photo: New York Times
Sources: Energy Inform...
4000% Increase in crude by rail transport from 2009 to 2013.
Current market has reduced flow but markets fluctuate.
DEC turned Albany into a crude hub
overnight in 2012.
Photo: Mike Groll/ AP Photo
Lac-Mégantic, Quebec
July, 2013
$1b+ Innocent
Lives Lost
47 Fish
Deformities
2016 Quebec Gov’t
Report
“Federal regulators have told us to expect at least
10 major derailments of crude oil trains a year”
— Kate Hudson, Riverk...
Galena, IL (March, 2015)
Mt. Carbon, WV (February, 2015)
Timmins, Ontario (February, 2015)
Gogama, Ontario (March, 2015)
CRUDE BY RAIL: CONCERNS
Transit
• Speed Limits
• Routes (habitat,
cities, water)
• Derailments
• Notification
• Response A...
A derailment could force the evacuation
of communities in Putnam
A Bakken oil train explosion and
fire in North Dakota in ...
In 2014 Riverkeeper’s Boat Captain Uncovered Deteriorating Rail
Bridges Along the Hudson.
Afterwards, citizen inspections ...
250
Bridges
Inspected
Nationwide
Weak
Federal
Oversight
46%
deficiencies
STATE & FEDERAL ACTION
May 2015 PHMSA Regulations and Congressional FAST 2016
• FAST ACT Codifies Tank Car Design & Phase-...
STATE & FEDERAL INACTION
• Lessons learned are being ignored (NTSB Reports)
State Inaction
• Insurance/Assurance – NYS Sen...
Interim Success: Upper Estuary Live
Preparedness Drill Forthcoming in 2016
Updated Area
Contingency
Plans are
coming!
“A spill may also seriously damage Hudson Valley tourism, as
well as place a substantial burden on communities that draw
d...
Photo: The Advocate…the first tanker laden with Bakken crude—carrying as much
oil as was spilled by the Exxon Valdez—ran a...
Proposed
Pilgrim
Pipelines
8.4m
Gallons
day
~600
Acres 79%
ROW
Crude
Oil
Refined
Gasoline
Kerosene
Heating
oil
Crosses
Hudson River
2x
+ over 232
wat...
Huge Impacts of Pilgrim’s Dual Pipeline Construction
and Operation.
168
Properties at risk
of Eminent
Domain
~27
State & F...
Huge Impacts of Pilgrim’s Dual Pipeline Construction
and Operation, continued
3
State Parks
Catskill, Harriman,
Sterling F...
Photo Andre J. Jackson/ MCT; Data, PHMSA
A pipeline spill of more than 800,000 gallons of heavy crude
affected 35 miles of...
Photo: USEPA Onsite Coordinator for Mayflower, Arkansas Tar Sands Pipeline Spill.
Pick Your Poison. Pipelines are not the ...
Moscow's Moskva River Bursts into Flames after Buried
Underwater Oil Pipeline Bursts. August, 2015.
Communities Stand Up to Pilgrim from Albany to Linden.
Significant actions on the pipeline.
1
2
3
60+ Local Governments Fo...
“The transport of crude oil on and along the Hudson River
presents a grave threat—the most significant new threat we’ve
fa...
Strategies for Increasing Safety
Tar Sands on Hold. After Riverkeeper and Scenic Hudson submitted
formal comments In May 2...
Strategies for Increasing Safety
Cover Your Crude Requiring those storing, transferring and
transporting petroleum product...
3 Citizen Actions
Ask your State Senator to cosponsor financial
assurance legislation!
Call Cuomo and say, “no to Pilgrim’...
Visit
Riverkeeper.org/crude
or
http://www.scenichudson.org/ourwork/en
vironmentaladvocacy/crudeoil
to learn more and take ...
Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson- Riverkeeper & Scenic Hudson
Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson- Riverkeeper & Scenic Hudson
Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson- Riverkeeper & Scenic Hudson
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Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson- Riverkeeper & Scenic Hudson

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On April 2, 2016 Riverkeeper and Scenic Hudson presented on the risks and solutions to unsafe crude oil transportation in the Hudson Valley. See www.riverkeeper.org/crude for more information.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit

Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson- Riverkeeper & Scenic Hudson

  1. 1. Paul Gallay Audrey Friedrichsen President and Hudson Riverkeeper Land Use and Environmental Advocacy Attorney Crude Oil Transport on the Hudson Photo:Moses Fridlich/ Bear Mountain Bridge
  2. 2. Protects the Hudson River watershed and safeguards the drinking water of 9 million New Yorkers.
  3. 3. Crude oils are not created equal Photo: Ben Garvin Photo: DOI Shale Crude 20-25% Heavy Crude 0-5%
  4. 4. ~2 Daily 3M Gallons Weekly 8.4M Gallons ~1 Daily 4M Gallons
  5. 5. Fracked Shale Oil Moves By Rail to Albany from the Bakken Oil Shale Formation Photo: New York Times Sources: Energy Information Administration, BNSF, Canadian Pacific, CSX Graphics By Guilbert Gates and Joe Burgess
  6. 6. 4000% Increase in crude by rail transport from 2009 to 2013. Current market has reduced flow but markets fluctuate.
  7. 7. DEC turned Albany into a crude hub overnight in 2012. Photo: Mike Groll/ AP Photo
  8. 8. Lac-Mégantic, Quebec July, 2013 $1b+ Innocent Lives Lost 47 Fish Deformities 2016 Quebec Gov’t Report
  9. 9. “Federal regulators have told us to expect at least 10 major derailments of crude oil trains a year” — Kate Hudson, Riverkeeper, Director of Special Projects Puncture Prone: 1991 NTSB Report 82% are unsafe Comprehensive spill response plans are not required by law for crude by rail.
  10. 10. Galena, IL (March, 2015) Mt. Carbon, WV (February, 2015) Timmins, Ontario (February, 2015) Gogama, Ontario (March, 2015)
  11. 11. CRUDE BY RAIL: CONCERNS Transit • Speed Limits • Routes (habitat, cities, water) • Derailments • Notification • Response Assets • Response Access • Infrastructure Loading • Labeling • Classification • Stabilization • Tank Car Design (common carrier) • Small Spills • Cumulative Issues (production, gathering) Off-Loading • Air Quality • Oil Spills • Throughput Fees • Cumulative Issues (refineries, ports) • Security Risks • Community Access (idle trains)
  12. 12. A derailment could force the evacuation of communities in Putnam A Bakken oil train explosion and fire in North Dakota in 2013 required an evacuation in a 5- mile radius. Toxic smoke from a similar oil train derailment and explosion in Orange County, carried west to east on the Hudson’s prevailing winds, could force evacuation of communities in Putnam County.
  13. 13. In 2014 Riverkeeper’s Boat Captain Uncovered Deteriorating Rail Bridges Along the Hudson. Afterwards, citizen inspections went nationwide.
  14. 14. 250 Bridges Inspected Nationwide Weak Federal Oversight 46% deficiencies
  15. 15. STATE & FEDERAL ACTION May 2015 PHMSA Regulations and Congressional FAST 2016 • FAST ACT Codifies Tank Car Design & Phase-Outs (loopholes could leave cars on the rails) • Routing/Notification • Speed Limits imposed for High Threat Urban Areas (40mph cap) • Rail Bridge Transparency Improved yet Insufficient State Actions • Ports & Rail Yards(Caps, Permit Reviews, Expansion Bans) • Inspection Blitzes • Throughput Fees • Spill response fund increase ($25 to $40 million) Federal Actions • Regulations: Securement of Oil Trains • Proposed Regulations: Crew Size (currently only 1), Response Planning (Coast Guard, EPA) • Emergency Orders: Notification (state fusion centers, Speed Limits) • Coast Guard Updating Response Plans and Assets
  16. 16. STATE & FEDERAL INACTION • Lessons learned are being ignored (NTSB Reports) State Inaction • Insurance/Assurance – NYS Senate Action Needed • Port & Rail Yard Expansion (Pre-2013) Federal Inaction • Length/Weight Limits for trains (no answer to our petition) • OPA90 Liability Limits still less than $1 Billion • Programmatic EIS • Spill Response Technology – old & outdated (response ≠ capture) • Crude Oil Characterization
  17. 17. Interim Success: Upper Estuary Live Preparedness Drill Forthcoming in 2016 Updated Area Contingency Plans are coming!
  18. 18. “A spill may also seriously damage Hudson Valley tourism, as well as place a substantial burden on communities that draw drinking water from the Hudson River.” –Paul Kirby, The Daily Freeman 75,000 Poughkeepsie 12,288 Hyde Park 5,300 Rhinebeck 5,000 Highland 4,500 Port Ewen
  19. 19. Photo: The Advocate…the first tanker laden with Bakken crude—carrying as much oil as was spilled by the Exxon Valdez—ran aground and ruptured its outer hull six miles south of Albany… – Riverkeeper Letter to Poughkeepsie, Rhinebeck, Hyde Park, Highland, & Port Ewen December, 2012 12m Gallons Galveston Bay, March 2014 Barge-on-ship 168,000 Gallons Mississippi River Feb 2014 Barge-on-Barge 34,000 Gallons/96 recovered
  20. 20. Proposed Pilgrim Pipelines
  21. 21. 8.4m Gallons day ~600 Acres 79% ROW Crude Oil Refined Gasoline Kerosene Heating oil Crosses Hudson River 2x + over 232 waterways 31 Municipalities 6 Counties Drinking Water Millions NY/NJ
  22. 22. Huge Impacts of Pilgrim’s Dual Pipeline Construction and Operation. 168 Properties at risk of Eminent Domain ~27 State & Fed listed endangered species Farms Dozens of working farms at risk 5 Lateral Pipes (Global Newburgh Lateral ~4.5 miles long) 296 Wetland Crossings 100 Foot gash down the HV.
  23. 23. Huge Impacts of Pilgrim’s Dual Pipeline Construction and Operation, continued 3 State Parks Catskill, Harriman, Sterling Forest Spill Costs Rate can reach 357k gal. per hour and cost billions Runoff Stormwater impacts During Construction & Operation Property Values Pipelines negatively impact values and increase insurance premiums 35 Permanent Access roads at 1 mile intervals 4 Pumping Stations
  24. 24. Photo Andre J. Jackson/ MCT; Data, PHMSA A pipeline spill of more than 800,000 gallons of heavy crude affected 35 miles of the Kalamazoo River in Michigan, and hasn't been fully remediated four years later, despite a cleanup effort that has cost more than $1.21 billion. 865,200 Gallons Spilled Tioga, ND September, 2013 120,000 Gallons Spilled Santa Barbara May, 2015 4m Gallons Spilled Yearly (National Average, Source: PHMSA)
  25. 25. Photo: USEPA Onsite Coordinator for Mayflower, Arkansas Tar Sands Pipeline Spill. Pick Your Poison. Pipelines are not the safer alternative as industry claims. 2004-2012 Pipelines Spilled 3X as much as oil trains (Source: International Energy Agency) 2003-2013 1,880 crude oil pipeline incidents (~1 every 2 days) 44m gallons spilled $2.5b+ in property damage. (PHMSA) New pipelines are failing at a higher rate than the oldest pipelines (1940s and earlier). Source: SNL Financial
  26. 26. Moscow's Moskva River Bursts into Flames after Buried Underwater Oil Pipeline Bursts. August, 2015.
  27. 27. Communities Stand Up to Pilgrim from Albany to Linden. Significant actions on the pipeline. 1 2 3 60+ Local Governments Formally Oppose 22 NY and 38 NJ municipalities have passed resolutions formally opposing the project. 5 Groups Ask Thruway, DEC to Suspend Review Riverkeeper , Scenic Hudson and partners are urging DEC, Thruway to suspend review to prevent a waste of agency time, resources and taxpayer money based on a century old NY “TransCorp Law” that gives villages and cities a “yes” or “no” vote over the controversial oil pipelines. 5/9 Cities and Villages with veto power have already passed formal opposition resolutions. Coalition Against Pilgrim Pipelines NY/NJ is a grassroots organization comprised of homeowners, farmers, environmentalists and concerned citizens are educating their local communities, gathering petitions and advocating to local elected officials.
  28. 28. “The transport of crude oil on and along the Hudson River presents a grave threat—the most significant new threat we’ve faced in a generation." – Paul Gallay, Hudson Riverkeeper and President $4.7B Tourism 40Significant habitats 100k Hudson Valley Residents Drinking Water
  29. 29. Strategies for Increasing Safety Tar Sands on Hold. After Riverkeeper and Scenic Hudson submitted formal comments In May 2015, DEC issues a Notice of Intent to Rescind its November 2013 decision not to require an environmental review of Global’s oil heating permit request. Global has sued the DEC over this, Riverkeeper has motioned to intervene. Decision from the judge is pending. Roll Back 2012 Permits. Riverkeeper , Scenic Hudson and partners are challenging the 2012 permit of Global’s Albany facility arguing that the permit to quadruple throughput violates the Clean Air Act. Legal Watchdogs of Pilgrim Pipelines. Riverkeeper, Scenic Hudson and partners are carefully watching the environmental review process of the proposed project. 1 2 3
  30. 30. Strategies for Increasing Safety Cover Your Crude Requiring those storing, transferring and transporting petroleum products have adequate insurance to cover the cost of a potential disaster will incentivize safer transport. Passed Financial Assurance Legislation 135/6 in the Assembly 3/29/2016. Rail Bridge Transparency. Railroads are now subject to requests from local officials about information regarding the safety and inspection history of individual rail bridges as part of the recent highway bill known as the “FAST ACT”. Response and Preparedness. Scenic Hudson, Riverkeeper and our partners have successfully increased the spill response fund from $25 to $40 million. We are working collaboratively with the Coast Guard to stage a live drill, increase unannounced inspections of crude facilities and update response plans for the upper estuary. 4 5 6
  31. 31. 3 Citizen Actions Ask your State Senator to cosponsor financial assurance legislation! Call Cuomo and say, “no to Pilgrim’s use of Thruway’s Right of Way” 518-474-8390 Urge your municipality and county to oppose Pilgrim pipelines through a formal resolution. 1 2 3
  32. 32. Visit Riverkeeper.org/crude or http://www.scenichudson.org/ourwork/en vironmentaladvocacy/crudeoil to learn more and take action. Paul Gallay outreach@riverkeeper.org Audrey Friedrichsen afriedrichsen@scenichudson.org See our Action Table to sign letters to your Senators, take call-in scripts and model resolutions.

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