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Qu'est-ce qu'un livre à l'heure du numérique ?

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Comment le numérique transforme notre rapport au livre et à la lecture.

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Qu'est-ce qu'un livre à l'heure du numérique ?

  1. 1. Qu’est-ce qu’un livre à l’heure du numérique ? Comment le numérique transforme notre rapport au livre et à la lecture Forum des bibliothèques de Montréal, 19 mars 2009 – présentation sous licence Creative Commons par Hubert Guillaud [email_address] - http://www.fing.org - http://www.internetactu.net - http://lafeuille.homo-numericus.net
  2. 2. http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=pMf8DhEea1w&feature=related Livre : "Assemblage d’un assez grand nombre de feuilles portant des signes destinés à être lus" Qu’est-ce qu’un livre ?
  3. 3. Entre le livre et le livre électronique : tout change ! - support - format (fichier) - interface - format d’édition (du portrait au paysage) - modes de lecture - accès - modèles économiques - diffusion - prix - acteurs - contenus - relation au lecteur - relation entre les livres - interactions - ...
  4. 4. Comment lisons-nous ? Comment lirons-nous ?
  5. 5. Sur quels supports lirons-nous ?
  6. 6. Le livre électronique : nouveau continent documentaire http://bookcoverarchive.com
  7. 7. http://dancollier.co.uk L’intelligence des données : le web sémantique Référence : Demain, l’inntelligence des données : http://www.internetactu.net/2007/09/07/demain-lintelligence-des-donnees/
  8. 8. Brouillage des questions d’accès...
  9. 9. Références : Pour une écologie informationnelle : http://www.internetactu.net/2008/04/24/pour-une-ecologie-informationnelle L’édition en ligne, un nouvel eldorado : http://blog.homo-numericus.net/article154.html The Attention Economy, an overview : http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/attention_economy_overview.php ... liées à l’économie de l’attention
  10. 10. “ Ces dernières années, j’ai eu la désagréable impression que quelqu’un, ou quelque chose, bricolait mon cerveau, en reconnectait les circuits neuronaux, reprogrammait ma mémoire. Mon esprit ne disparaît pas, je n’irai pas jusque là, mais il est en train de changer. Je ne pense plus de la même façon qu’avant. C’est quand je lis que ça devient le plus flagrant. Auparavant, me plonger dans un livre ou dans un long article ne me posait aucun problème. Mon esprit était happé par la narration ou par la construction de l’argumentation, et je passais des heures à me laisser porter par de longs morceaux de prose. Ce n’est plus que rarement le cas. Désormais, ma concentration commence à s’effilocher au bout de deux ou trois pages. Je m’agite, je perds le fil, je cherche autre chose à faire. J’ai l’impression d’être toujours en train de forcer mon cerveau rétif à revenir au texte. La lecture profonde, qui était auparavant naturelle, est devenue une épreuve. (…) Comme le théoricien des média Marshall McLuhan le faisait remarquer dans les années 60, les média ne sont pas uniquement un canal passif d’information. Ils fournissent les bases de la réflexion, mais ils modèlent également le processus de la pensée. Et il semble que le Net érode ma capacité de concentration et de réflexion. Mon esprit attend désormais les informations de la façon dont le Net les distribue : comme un flux de particules s’écoulant rapidement. Auparavant, j’étais un plongeur dans une mer de mots. Désormais, je fends la surface comme un pilote de jet-ski.” Références : Est-ce que Google nous rend idiot ? http://www.internetactu.net/2009/01/23/nicolas-carr-est-ce-que-google-nous-rend-idiot/ Le papier contre l’électronique (1/4), nouveau support nouvelle culture : http://www.internetactu.net/2009/01/30/le-papier-contre-l%e2%80%99electronique-14-nouveau-support-nouvelle-culture/ Le papier contre l’électronique (2/4) : lequel nous rend plus intelligent ? http://www.internetactu.net/2009/02/10/le-papier-contre-l%e2%80%99electronique-24-lequel-nous-rend-plus-intelligent/ Brouillage des questions de lecture... Nicolas Carr : "Est-ce que Google nous rend idiots ?"
  11. 11. Brouillage des modèles économiques Référence : La gratuité est-elle l’avenir de l’économie : http://www.internetactu.net/2008/03/10/la-gratuite-est-elle-lavenir-de-leconomie/
  12. 12. Brouillage des contenus... Tout est livre "On ne lit plus de livre non plus, comme « une vision » développée par un auteur, qui a créé une histoire, une étude ou une démonstration, qu’il présente sur de nombreuses pages consécutives, s’absorbant de manière linéaire. Dans le domaine littéraire, par exemple, le blog est un nouveau format qui ne tient plus du tout du livre : ce n’est plus un produit fini, mais une oeuvre en train de se faire ; il ne se lit pas de manière ni suivie, ni linéaire, mais de manière souvent disloquée, épisodique, fragmentée. (...) Le blog offre un nouveau format, qui permet toujours de développer une pensée suivie, avec "la supériorité sur le livre" de le permettre de manière progressive, de montrer une pensée « en train de se faire».” Narvic, "Comme l’album et le journal, le livre sera disloqué par le web" Référence : Comme l’album et le journal, le livre sera disloqué par le web : http://novovision.fr/?Comme-l-album-et-le-journal-le
  13. 13. Du livre personnalisable au livre "service"
  14. 14. Nouvelles interactions Références : La vidéo de Sixième sens : http://www.internetactu.net/2009/02/09/la-realite-augmentee-du-bout-des-doigts/ Le petit chaperon rouge par Philips : http://www.we-make-money-not-art.com/archives/2006/01/a-geekier-versi.php Système de recommandation de livres physiques : http://lafeuille.homo-numericus.net/2007/06/un-systme-dynamique-de-recommandation.html
  15. 15. Le livre social
  16. 16. La lecture en réseau
  17. 17. Le livre dans l’écosystème des livres
  18. 18. Les nouvelles formes d’analyses documentaires du livre BookLamp : http://beta.booklamp.org - Lignes de Temps : http://www.iri.centrepompidou.fr - WhichBook : http://www.whichbook.net
  19. 19. Dela mémorisation des achats à la mémorisation des lectures Référence : Vers le web implicite : http://www.internetactu.net/2007/07/06/vers-le-web-implicite/
  20. 20. À la personnalisation de nos lectures A voir : http://www.google.com/history http://bkkeepr.com
  21. 21. Tisser les relations d’entre les livres
  22. 22. Merci !

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