Mov 3

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Mov 3

  1. 1. Merchant of Venice<br />HuZhanpeng<br />2P3 (11)<br />
  2. 2. He & His Life<br />William Shakespeare, baptized 26 April 1564 and died 23 April 1616. He was an extremely famous English poet and playwright, whom widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His collection includes 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.<br />
  3. 3. The Start of His Writing & His Childhood<br />It is not known exactly when Shakespeare began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of his plays were on the London stage by 1592.<br />William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful glover and alderman from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the daughter of a farmer. He was born on 26 April 1564 by a rough estimation. This date, which can be traced back to an 18th-century scholar's mistake, has proved appealing to biographers, since Shakespeare died 23 April 1616.[He was the third child of eight and the eldest surviving son. Although no attendance records for the period survive, he was educated at the King's New School in Stratford, a free school chartered in 1553, about a quarter-mile from his home. Grammar schools varied in quality during the Elizabethan era, but the curriculum was dictated by law throughout England, and the school would have provided an intensive education in Latin grammar and the classics.<br />
  4. 4. Social Status & Writing Insirations<br />English social classes of the sixteenth century were different from ours. There was no "middle class.“. As below, Shakespeare's family was about at the middle of the social system in money and status. Major divisions were between nobility, gentry, merchants, small farmers and craftsman.<br /> Like most writers, Shakespeare was inspired by nature. Birds were a constant subject. He was also inspired by the great novelists of his day like Ovid and Seneca.<br />
  5. 5. Reasons for well receives of his plays<br />His plays always contain extreme romance, fairy like scenes and supernatural abilities.<br />Examples: Romeo & Juliet<br /> Macbeth<br /> A Midsummer Night’s Dream<br />
  6. 6. England during Shakespearian time<br />
  7. 7. Major events during that time<br />Superior diseases broke out 3 times<br />1952~1904<br />1603~1604<br />7 years after William Shakespeare passed away.<br />
  8. 8. Ruler of the monarchy & Impact on Shakespeare’s writings<br />The ruler during that time was Queen Elizabeth I.<br />The nobilities (High class) had been giving a promoting effect towards Shakespeare’s plays, making him and his work famous.<br />
  9. 9. Renaissance<br />
  10. 10. Definition<br />Noun<br />The activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14thcentury and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.<br />
  11. 11. Definition<br />Adjective<br />Pertaining to, or suggestive of the European Renaissance of the 14th through the 17th centuries: Renaissance attitudes.<br />
  12. 12. The whole event<br />During the age before the Renaissance, all the old, classic teachings in things like medicine, philosophy, mathematics, etc, were practically lost. Some historians blame the loss on the plagues, which decimated the populations of Europe....some blame it on the emergence of the Church as a secular power. For whatever reason, the old knowledge was lost to the general population.During the Renaissance, that old knowledge was brought into the lives of the population again, and blossomed into a new direction of thinking. Art, which had been only for expressing Christian themes, was once again being viewed as something beautiful in and of itself. All manner of learning was making a reappearance. It may have begun in Italy, but quickly spread throughout Europe. It changed everything....from art to government to religion.<br />
  13. 13. Impact on Shakespeare<br />The English Renaissance was more about poetry, plays, and other kinds of writing than it was about architecture, sculpture, and painting in Italy. Also there is no great scientists in England on a par with Leonardo de Vinci.The pre-eminent renaissance work that was published a few years before Shakespeare became active was "The Faerie Queene" an English epic poem by Edmund Spenser. It is an allegorical work, written in praise of Queen Elizabeth I. Largely symbolic, the poem follows several knights in an examination of several virtues. Spenser was granted a pension for life by Queen Elizabeth on account of this poem.In contrast most of Shakespeare's work is decidedly aimed at the masses. In his plays he mixed in fart jokes, vulgar puns, and comic routines about how drinking gives men a desire for sex, while it takes away their ability. Although his plays did please the queen, he was not aiming solely at the court, but he had in mind a commercial audience.He did base some of his work on the revival of interest in ancient Rome and Egypt, but the bulk of it had to do with contemporary England and relatively recent history.<br />

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