Patient aspects: A review of 58 Danish HTA reports


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Patient aspects: A review of 58 Danish HTA reports.

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Patient aspects: A review of 58 Danish HTA reports

  1. 1. Patient aspects: A review of 58 Danish HTA reports HTAi – Bilbao, June 25th 2012 Helle Ploug Hansen, Ph.D., Mag.Scient., R.N. Anne Lee, Christian Balslev van Randwijk Institute of Public Health University of Southern Denmark 1
  2. 2. Focus and attentionThere is an increasing focus on designing health servicesas “patient focused”This includes: involvement of patients in their own care involvement of patients and citizens in decisions about healthcare servicesThis attention is reflected in a growing focus on patientaspects and patient involvement in health technology HTA,and not least on how this focus might be strengthened. 2
  3. 3. A review A review on the inclusion of patient and/or organizational aspects in HTA reports published by INATHA members 2000–05 showed a great variation in relation to explicit inclusion of the aspects to be assessed as well as in how the aspects were addressed. Based on the results from this review, an interest emerged for reviewing the Danish HTAs in relation to how these reports have addressed patient aspects. 3
  4. 4. In Denmark• A long tradition for conducting HTAs within a framework of four key elements: (i) technology, (ii) patient, (iii) organization, and (iv) economy.• In the Danish Handbook of HTA, it is stated that the patient element must focus on patient aspects, such as patient perspectives, needs, experiences, preferences, and/or acceptance of a given technology. 4
  5. 5. The purpose is to• present results from a study of how ‘the patient’ has been assessed in Danish HTA reports• contribute to the ongoing international debates concerning patient perspectives and patient involvement in HTA 5
  6. 6. Weread 58 Danish HTA reports published from1999 to 2010systematically focused on:the inclusion of patient aspectsthe methods used to generate dataif and how clinical recommendations concerning patient aspects were drawn 6
  7. 7. Secondary research• While all the reports included some kind of literature search, there was a considerable variation in relation to how the authors presented and discussed their choice of search, the purpose and perspectives of the study.• In 12 reports (21 %), a systematic literature search was included specifically for the patient aspects.• In one report, a systematic literature search was included but the databases used were not presented.• In 29 reports (50 %), a collective systematic literature search was included. 7
  8. 8. Primary research• In thirty-four (59 %) of the reports, primary data were generated.• Sixteen of these reports (47 %) used quantitative methods.• Thirteen (38 %) used qualitative methods.• Five reports (15 %) used both kinds of methods.• Of the 24 reports that did not produce primary data, twenty-two (92 %) relied on literature reviews. 8
  9. 9. Summary of the results I• 51 reports had a separate chapter about patient aspects.• Of the remaining 7 reports, 2 stood out. Here, the authors argued that because of their theoretical approach, patients aspects was incorporated in other elements of the report.• In one of these 2 reports, theories of knowledge and knowledge production were used to illustrate the ward round at a hospital as a production of knowledge, aimed at managing the diagnostic and therapeutic work.• In the other report, actor-network theories were used to understand certain aspects of poly-pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes. Here, patient aspects were integrated in the elements of technology and organization.• The remaining 5 reports did not specify reasons for not having a separate chapter for patient aspects. 9
  10. 10. Summary of the results II• 54 reports stated the objectives and/or research questions.• All reports included literature reviews.• Medical and HTA databases were the most used.• More than half of the reports included primary research, either quantitative or qualitative methods, a few both.• Some mentioned the importance of including patient aspects in daily clinical practice.• Others provided ideas on how to improve information or recommended changes in healthcare practices. 10
  11. 11. Inclusion of empirical data and methods used 11
  12. 12. Patient aspects included in theconcluding part of the reports 12
  13. 13. Conclusions• Danish HTA reports do, to some extent, include patient aspects in the assessment and in the final conclusions of the reports.• If health policy and decision making is to be patient- focused, it is important that HTAs in the future integrate patient aspects in recommendations of HTA.• Further improvement in assessments of patient aspects, in relation to use and description of methodologies and theoretical considerations, will assist producing the relevant evidence for these recommendations. 13