RM02 - Research Process

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  • RM02 - Research Process

    1. 1. Chapter Two The Research Process Lectured by Mr. Samath Houy Tel: 012 211 345 Email: houysamath@sru.edu.kh 1
    2. 2. Objectives After completing this chapter, you will be able to: Understand the process involved in conducting research as well as the scientific method in research. Acquire knowledge on eight-steps method in research. 2
    3. 3. Research Process  What do you want to find out about?  How are you going to go about finding the answer to that question?  Research task is a sequential process involving several clearly defined steps. 3
    4. 4. An eight-step model 4
    5. 5. #1 Formulate a research problem • The more specific and clear you are, the better. • The main function is to decide what you want to find out about. 5
    6. 6. #2 Conceptualize a research design • Research uses of appropriate methods. • Involves systematic, controlled, valid and rigorous exploration and descriptions. • The strength of the findings largely rests on how it was found. 6
    7. 7. #3 Construct an instrument for data collection. • Means of collecting information for study • What are your research tools? • Observation form • Interview schedules • Questionnaires and interview 7
    8. 8. #4 Select a sample • The accuracy of your work depends on how you select your sample. • Avoid bias. • Different categories of sampling: • random • non-random or “mixed” 8
    9. 9. #5 Write your research proposal • What do you propose to do? • How do you plan to proceed? • Why did you select this particular strategy? 9
    10. 10. #6 Collecting data • Write the code. • Run the experiments. • Conduct the surveys. • etc. 10
    11. 11. #7 Processing data • Depends on what type of data and research. • Process the data manually or using a computer? • What statistical procedures would be meaningful? 11
    12. 12. #8 Writing the research report • The easiest and the hardest step. • Don’t expect your first draft to be the final draft. • Know what writing style is expected – this differs depending upon discipline. 12
    13. 13. EndofChapter02 13

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