Archimedes
287 B.C. – 212 B.C.
Famous Quotes….
“Give me a spot where I can stand
and I shall move the earth.”
“Eureka! Eureka! I have found it!”
Mini Planitarium
Archimedes created a mini
planetarium that was mechanical
and showed the motions of the
sun, moon, and pl...
Mini Planitarium
Contributions:
Astronomy
Archimedes’ Screw
Archimedes’ Screw
The purpose is to move water
uphill to help with irrigation.
Contributions:
Crop

irrigation and drainage/farming
practices
Remove

water from ships so they would not
sink (mechanic...
The Law of Hydrostatic
or the Archimedes’ Principle
What Archimedes stated:

“Any solid lighter than a fluid will, if plac...
Hydrostatics: Buoyancy
Contribution to science?
Maritime architecture
Simple Machines:
Law of the Lever
He was not the first to use the
lever but he showed that the
movement of the fulcrum
inf...
Simple Machines:
Law of the Lever
Law of the Lever – the closer the
lever is to the fulcrum, the easier it is
to move an object
The pulley and the lever
Contributions:
Applied

mechanics – moving
from physical science theory to
technology and it is used to
explain the effec...
Weapons of War
Catipult
Death Ray
Death Ray
MythBusters and MIT
Claw of Archimedes
Claw of Archimedes
(A different interpretation)
Contributions:
National
Simple

Defense

machines
Contributed to Math
Pi

- Used a 96 sided polygon to
determine that the value of pi was
between 3 10/71 and 3 1/7.
Contributed to Math
Approximating the area of a circle
He found the area of a circle by finding the
area of smaller rectan...
Sand-Reckoner
Archimedes said that he could
create a number, greater than the
grains of sand that would be
required to fil...
Contributions:
Estimated

the size of the universe

Using

smaller and easy to manipulate
numbers when the data is large...
Contributed to Math
Spiral

of Archimedes – study of
polar coordinates which is used in
air traffic control.
Stomacion
Stomacion
This is similar to the tangram
puzzle and the object is to either
create pictures with the puzzle
pieces or put ...
Sources
Boyer, Carl. A History of Mathematics. John Willey & Sons,
Inc. New York, NY. 1991.
Struk, Dirk. A Concise History...
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Archimedes

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Archimedes

  1. 1. Archimedes 287 B.C. – 212 B.C.
  2. 2. Famous Quotes…. “Give me a spot where I can stand and I shall move the earth.” “Eureka! Eureka! I have found it!”
  3. 3. Mini Planitarium Archimedes created a mini planetarium that was mechanical and showed the motions of the sun, moon, and planets as viewed from the earth.
  4. 4. Mini Planitarium
  5. 5. Contributions: Astronomy
  6. 6. Archimedes’ Screw
  7. 7. Archimedes’ Screw The purpose is to move water uphill to help with irrigation.
  8. 8. Contributions: Crop irrigation and drainage/farming practices Remove water from ships so they would not sink (mechanical water pump) Move sludge Sewage plants (many substations send to main treatment plant)
  9. 9. The Law of Hydrostatic or the Archimedes’ Principle What Archimedes stated: “Any solid lighter than a fluid will, if placed in a fluid, be so far immersed that the weight of the solid will be equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.” “A solid heavier than a fluid will, if placed in it, descend to the bottom of the fluid, and the solid will, when weighed in the fluid, be lighter than its true weight by the weight of the fluid displaced.”
  10. 10. Hydrostatics: Buoyancy
  11. 11. Contribution to science? Maritime architecture
  12. 12. Simple Machines: Law of the Lever He was not the first to use the lever but he showed that the movement of the fulcrum influences equilibrium.
  13. 13. Simple Machines: Law of the Lever
  14. 14. Law of the Lever – the closer the lever is to the fulcrum, the easier it is to move an object
  15. 15. The pulley and the lever
  16. 16. Contributions: Applied mechanics – moving from physical science theory to technology and it is used to explain the effects of items when force is applied (example: engineering)
  17. 17. Weapons of War
  18. 18. Catipult
  19. 19. Death Ray
  20. 20. Death Ray
  21. 21. MythBusters and MIT
  22. 22. Claw of Archimedes
  23. 23. Claw of Archimedes (A different interpretation)
  24. 24. Contributions: National Simple Defense machines
  25. 25. Contributed to Math Pi - Used a 96 sided polygon to determine that the value of pi was between 3 10/71 and 3 1/7.
  26. 26. Contributed to Math Approximating the area of a circle He found the area of a circle by finding the area of smaller rectangles and adding them together. This is termed the “method of exhaustion ” and led to integral calculus , which is the study of the area figures and on the volumes of solids.
  27. 27. Sand-Reckoner Archimedes said that he could create a number, greater than the grains of sand that would be required to fill the universe. He estimated that the number would be larger than 1063 grains of sand.
  28. 28. Contributions: Estimated the size of the universe Using smaller and easy to manipulate numbers when the data is large 1063 grains of sand Led to logarithms which were invented by John Napier in the early 1600’s Scientific notation? 1.5 x 1010
  29. 29. Contributed to Math Spiral of Archimedes – study of polar coordinates which is used in air traffic control.
  30. 30. Stomacion
  31. 31. Stomacion This is similar to the tangram puzzle and the object is to either create pictures with the puzzle pieces or put it together in its original form.
  32. 32. Sources Boyer, Carl. A History of Mathematics. John Willey & Sons, Inc. New York, NY. 1991. Struk, Dirk. A Concise History of Mathematics. Dover Publications, Inc. New York, NY. 1987. http://www.lycos.com/info/archimedes--archimedes-screw.html http://engineering.union.edu/SeniorProjects/2004.ME/donovam2/stuff/modern http://engineering.union.edu/SeniorProjects/2004.ME/donovam2/stuff/moder http://www.answers.com/topic/applied-mechanics http://www.math.nyu.edu/~crorres/Archimedes/Sphere/SphereIntro.html

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