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Marijuana in the Workplace Survey

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A survey of 742 employers in safety-sensitive and non-safety sensitive industries revealed widespread concern regarding the impact of marijuana in the workplace.

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Marijuana in the Workplace Survey

  1. 1. 1 Marijuana in the Workplace Survey Findings
  2. 2. • Reflects responses from 742 HR and general management employees • Industries surveyed included construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail, mining, hospitality and food services, transportation, and utilities • Businesses surveyed ranged in size from 1-10 employees to more than 5,000 • Survey was conducted by the market research firm OnTarget and fielded January 10 - 22, 2018 • Margin of error is +/-5% • Locations of businesses surveyed were in states where marijuana was legal, not legal, and both 2 Survey Methodology WHERE OPERATIONS LOCATED ABBREVIATION USED TOTAL (742) Only in states where marijuana is legal Legal 28% Only in states where marijuana is not legal Not legal 24% In states where legal and not legal Both 45% Question: Which best describes where your company’s operations are located in context to marijuana legalization? Note: 3% responded not sure. These responses were not included in the report.
  3. 3. 1. Across the country, employers voiced a high level of concern in response to the expanding legalization and use of marijuana. 2. Regardless of the status of marijuana legalization or industry in which companies operate, there is widespread concern regarding the impact of marijuana on business. 3. The most significant areas of concern in response to increasing employee marijuana use are employee safety, lost productivity, and increased costs. 4. Employers are responding to expanding medical and recreational use with drug policy modifications or plans to modify drug policies. 5. Even where marijuana is legal, either medically or recreationally, a majority of employers have limitations on off-duty use and do not make accommodations for medical use. 6. A vast majority of employers expressed interest in a marijuana breathalyzer that could detect and measure recent use. 3 Key Findings
  4. 4. 4 4 82% of companies are somewhat or very concerned by legalization Overall Level of Concern Related to Marijuana Legalization and Use Question: Which of the following best describes your company’s overall level of concern related to the legalization and increased use of marijuana? 39% 43% 18% Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not concerned at all
  5. 5. 5 Employers expressed almost equal concern regardless of legalization status: 76% in “legal” states and 79% in ”not legal” states 5 Concern Regarding Marijuana Legalization and Increased Use is a National Issue Question: Which of the following best describes your company’s overall level of concern related to the legalization and increased use of marijuana? 76% 79% 89% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Legal Not Legal Both Marijuana Legalization Status Very concerned Somewhat concerned
  6. 6. For safety-sensitive industries, the level of concern was above 85% and for non-safety-sensitive industries the level of concern was above 70% 6 Question: Which of the following best describes your company’s overall level of concern related to the legalization and increased use of marijuana? Employers in Non-Safety-Sensitive Industries also Expressed Concern about Marijuana Legalization 85% 89% 91% 91% 91% 76% 71% 79% Construction Manufacturing Utilities Transportation Mining Wholesale Retail Hospitality / Food Very concerned Somewhat concerned SAFETY-SENSITIVE NON- SAFETY-SENSITIVE
  7. 7. 8 Question: How would you rate your company’s current level of concern with the following workplace issues related to the use of marijuana on a scale of 1 – 7, where seven means very concerned and one means not concerned at all? Percentages reflect combined 6 and 7 scores. 7 TOTAL (742) CONS (144) MANU (128) UTILITIES (34) TRANS (96) MINING (11) WHLSALE (82) RETAIL (152) HOSP/ FOOD (95) Workplace safety 65% 74% 70% 77% 74% 73% 67% 50% 52% Lost productivity 59 63 65 62 59 73 56 47 62 Higher workers' comp incidents & costs 57 64 64 41 66 73 57 46 50 Absenteeism 51 51 57 59 52 36 49 44 53 Employee Retention 50 57 48 53 52 73 44 43 53 Safety and Economic Impact are Top Concerns for the Majority of Employers Workplace safety is biggest concern at 65%, followed by productivity and workers’ comp costs at near 60%
  8. 8. 6 8 The Majority of Businesses Have Modified or Plan to Modify Policies Concerning Marijuana Use Question: In response to the expanding legalization of marijuana, has your company already modified existing policies concerning its use? Is your company planning on modifying its policies concerning the use of marijuana in response to the expanding legalization of marijuana? Over 70% of respondents in legal states and over 40% in not legal states have modified or plan to modify marijuana policies concerning its use 74% 72% 42% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Legal Both Not Legal Marijuana Legalization Status Planning to modify policies Have modified polices
  9. 9. 5 9 Companies are Still Struggling with Whether to Accommodate Medical Marijuana 47% 54% 36% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Legal Both Not Legal Marijuana Legalization Status % Responding Yes Less than 50% of respondents from companies operating in states where medical marijuana is legal report currently making accommodations for medical marijuana use Question: Does your company make accommodations for employees to use medical marijuana?
  10. 10. 5 10 Question: Does your company allow employees to use recreational marijuana outside of work hours? 56% 75% 79% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Legal Both Not Legal Marijuana Legalization Status No Yes, with limitations Respondents Limit or Prohibit Marijuana Use while Off-Duty— Even where Legal 56% of respondents from legal states limit or do not allow marijuana use outside of work hours
  11. 11. 5 11 Drug Testing is Most Prevalent in Pre-Employment Screens More than 70% of respondents include drug testing as part of their pre-employment screen. More than half conducts various types of post-employment tests. Question: From the list below, please select all the types of drug testing currently being used by your company. 74% 58% 57% 53% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Pre-employment For cause Random Post-accident
  12. 12. 11 12 Question: Based on your company’s existing drug use policies, would a potential employee be hired if they tested positive for marijuana during a pre-employment screening? Note: this question was asked only of 547 respondents who conduct pre-employment drug tests. The Majority of Employers Surveyed Still Would Not Hire a Candidate for Employment if They Tested Positive for Marijuana 56% 60% 80% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Legal Both Not Legal Marijuana Legalization Status % Responding No 56% of respondents would not hire a candidate if they tested positive in legal states
  13. 13. 5 13 Actions Taken After First-Time Violation of Marijuana Use Policy Vary Written and verbal warnings are among the most common disciplinary actions. Terminations occur nearly 40% of the time. Question: Based on your company’s existing drug use policies, what disciplinary actions would be taken for first-time violations of your marijuana use policy? 44% 38% 31% 25% 8% 5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Written warning Termination Verbal warning Drug rehab Employee fine No action taken
  14. 14. 4 14 Nearly 90% of companies are somewhat or very interested in investigating a marijuana breathalyzer in the next 12 months Overall Level of Interest in a Marijuana Breathalyzer Question: Based on your understanding of the breathalyzer and the value it could deliver to your company, how interested do you think your company would be in investigating the breathalyzer in the next 12 months as described on a scale of 1 -7, where 7 means very interested and 1 means not interested at all? 62% 27% 11% Very interested (6 - 7) Somewhat interested (4-5) Not interested (1-3)
  15. 15. Hound Labs is a scientific research and device company that has developed ultra-sensitive technology for non-invasive breath measurement. The Company has conducted pioneering research to understand recent marijuana use and how the duration of THC in breath correlates with the peak window of impairment (up to 3 hours after smoking) identified by government research groups. The ultra-sensitive and accurate Hound® marijuana breathalyzer measures marijuana use at levels once only possible with forensic laboratory equipment and provides objective data to help determine if someone recently smoked marijuana at the roadside or workplace. The Hound Labs team believes in the importance of developing tools based on rigorous scientific research that deliver common sense solutions to the complex issues related to marijuana impairment. The Company is committed to the mission of balancing public safety with fairness so lives are saved and rights are protected. Founded in 2014, Hound Labs (www.houndlabs.com) is headquartered in Oakland, California and backed by Benchmark. 15 About Hound Labs

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