Esophageal Cancer Surgery at World Class Hospitals in India
SafeMedTrip.comEsophageal Cancer Surgery at World Class Hospitals in India Get Free opinion from Top Doctors in India: Post a Query Visit us at: www.safemedtrip.com
SafeMedTrip.com Esophageal Cancer Cancer that begins in the esophagus (also called esophageal cancer) is divided into two major types, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, depending on the type of cells that are malignant. Squamous cell carcinomas arise in squamous cells that line the esophagus. These cancers usually occur in the upper and middle part of the esophagus. Adenocarcinomas usually develop in the glandular tissue in the lower part of the esophagus. The treatment is similar for both types of esophageal cancer. If the cancer spreads outside the esophagus, it often goes to the lymph nodes first. (Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are part of the bodys immune system.) Esophageal cancer can also spread to almost any other part of the body, including the liver, lungs, brain, and bones.
SafeMedTrip.comDiagnosis Of Esophageal Cancer Barium Swallow or Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) X-rays Barium in liquid form is used to coat the esophagus wall and then a digital x-ray is taken so that the condition of the esophagus can be clearly seen. Upper Endoscopy for Esophageal Cancer Endoscope is a flexible, very narrow tube with a video camera and light on the end. The patient is sedated to allow for this tube to pass through into the esophagus and stomach. The doctor can see on a compute monitor the abnormalities in the wall of the esophagus clearly.
SafeMedTrip.comEndoscopic Ultrasound for Esophageal CancerAn endoscope with a small ultrasound probe attached to its sendsvery sensitive sound waves that penetrate deep into tissues. Thesound waves bounce off the normal tissues images convey howdeeply the tumor has invaded into the esophaBronchoscopy for Esophageal CancerThe physician looks into the trachea (windpipe) and bronchi (tubesleading from the trachea to the lung).Positron Emission Tomography (PET SCAN ) for EsophagealCancerIn this test, the patient is administered radioactive isotope glucoseand since the cancers use sugar much faster than normal tissues,the cancerous tissue takes up the radioactive material. A PETscanner can spot the radioactive deposits.
SafeMedTrip.comTreatment of Esophageal CancerThe stage of cancer is determined first of all byanalysing the size of the tumour and the number andlocation of enlarged lymph nodes. Accurate staginghelps tailor treatment to the patients specific needs.Staging can be done with CT scan, biopsy, esophagealultrasound and PET scan.Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy is first deployed to shrink the tumorwith carefully directed radiation at the tumor. Thishelps destroy or reduce the tumor, because cancercells divide and grow faster than normal cells. Normalcells usually recover successfully from new ageradiation like Linac, Gamma Knife, Novelis orCyberknife. Radiation therapy is given as an outpatientfor 5 minutes for 5 to 6 weeks.
SafeMedTrip.comChemotherapyChemotherapy is used to help shrink the tumor and kill any cancer cells in the lymph nodes.There are several chemotherapy medications that work to kill lung cancer and often acombination of 2 of these medications is prescribed. The specific medication or combinationof medications you receive will be selected based on your tumor type and your medicalhistory. Chemotherapy will be given as an inpatient for 4-5 day sessions twice during yourtreatment. Other medications before and during chemotherapy are prescribed which aredesigned to minimize and relieve the side effects.Re-stagingApproximately 4-6 weeks after your last treatments you will undergo several tests todetermine the success of therapy. You may be required to undergo another set of tests likeCT scan of the chest and upper abdomen and Upper endoscopy and esophageal ultrasound.Surgical ResectionIf you have had chemotherapy and radiation therapy, surgical resection of the esophaguswill occur approximately 5-6 weeks after your last radiation treatment.
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