Hybrid Electric Vehicle Ashley Buchanan
Outline <ul><li>History of the Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li...
History of the Hybrid <ul><li>1959-  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henney Kilowatt was the first transistor-based electric car </l...
What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? <ul><li>A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is: </li></ul><ul><li>vehicle using an on-board...
Benefits of the Hybrid <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles reduce petroleum consumption </li></ul><ul><li>(compared to ICE vehicles) b...
Prices <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles are more expensive than traditional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV), due to- </l...
Statistics of the Hybrid <ul><li>An R.L. Polk survey of 2003 model year cars </li></ul><ul><li>showed that- </li></ul><ul>...
Statistics of the Hybrid Continued… <ul><li>Honda Civic & Accord hybrids-  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold 26,773 hybrids in th...
Hybrids Currently Available <ul><li>Automobiles and light trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotives </li></ul><ul><li>Buses </l...
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  1. 1. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Ashley Buchanan
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>History of the Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Prices </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics of the Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrids Currently Available </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of the Hybrid <ul><li>1959- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henney Kilowatt was the first transistor-based electric car </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990s- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>automotive hybrid technology became successful when the Honda Insight & Toyota Prius became available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2000s- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>saw development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2007- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexus offers a hybrid sport sedan the GS450h </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;well in excess of 300hp“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>becomes available starting Summer 2006 in US & Canada. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? <ul><li>A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is: </li></ul><ul><li>vehicle using an on-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) </li></ul><ul><li>a fueled power source for vehicle propulsion. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits of the Hybrid <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles reduce petroleum consumption </li></ul><ul><li>(compared to ICE vehicles) by using three </li></ul><ul><li>mechanisms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.) Reducing wasted energy during idle/low output, generally by turning the internal combustion engine off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.) Recapturing waste energy (i.e. regenerative braking) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.) Reducing the size & power of the ICE engine </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Prices <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles are more expensive than traditional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV), due to- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>extra batteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more electronics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in some cases other design considerations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The trade-off between higher initial cost & lower fuel costs is- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dependent on usage - miles traveled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hours of operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fuel costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A January 2007 analysis by Intellichoice.com shows that- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all 22 currently available hybrids will save their owners money over a five year period. 23] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greeley Tribune says- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if gas stays at $3.30 a gallon, you can add the hybrid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vehicles' tax incentives. [24] </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Statistics of the Hybrid <ul><li>An R.L. Polk survey of 2003 model year cars </li></ul><ul><li>showed that- </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid car registrations in the U.S. rose to 43,435 cars (a 25.8% increase from 2002 numbers.) </li></ul><ul><li>California had the most hybrid cars registered: 11,425. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The proportionally high number may be partially due to the state's higher gasoline prices and stricter emissions rules, which hybrids generally have little trouble passing. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Statistics of the Hybrid Continued… <ul><li>Honda Civic & Accord hybrids- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold 26,773 hybrids in the first 11 months of 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toyota has sold a cumulative 306,862 hybrids between 1997 & 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honda has sold a total of 81,867 hybrids between 1999 & 2004 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Hybrids Currently Available <ul><li>Automobiles and light trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotives </li></ul><ul><li>Buses </li></ul><ul><li>Trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Military vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Taxicabs </li></ul>

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