Presentation Implementing Future Energy Systems


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  • The European Internal Market : will promote economic growth and play a key role in the EU’s competitiveness. Increasing competition will encourage efficiency and spur on technological progress and innovation -> to provide benefits to the European citizens such as a wider choice of services and reduced electricity prices. Security and Quality of Supply : Two issues 1)Countries without adequate reserves of fossil fuels are facing increasing concerns for primary energy availability. Our import dependency is 50% today, and certain to rise 2) the ageing infrastructure of Europe's electricity transmission and distribution networks is increasingly threatening security, reliability and quality of supply. The Environment : Besides issues of primary energy supply, the major disadvantage of fossil fuels is that they emit CO2, SO2, NOX and other pollutants when burnt to generate electricity. The greenhouse gases contribute to climate change, which is recognised to be one of the greatest environmental and economic challenges facing humanity. Research is needed to help identify the most cost-effective technologies and measures that will enable the EU to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond. –> 8 March 2006 a Green Paper for a coherent European Energy Policy
  • Presentation Implementing Future Energy Systems

    1. 1. Parallel Session: Implementing Future Energy Systems Erik Lysen Utrecht Centre for Energy research (UCE) KEMA Conference: Implementing the Third Industrial Revolution Arnhem, 15 October 2009
    2. 2. 3. Cleaner Use of Fossil Fules Trias Energica 1. Efficient Energy Use 2. Renewable Energy resources Consumers Buildings Industries Transport Supply side Demand side Wind energy Solar energy Bio-energy Geothermal Hydro power Marine energy Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Hydrogen Fuel Cells Energy Policy Integral strategy sustainable energy system: Trias Energica Lysen, Eurosun Conference, Sept. 1996
    3. 3. Despite pressures on the energy sector ... Regulation of Monopolies Innovation and Competitiveness Low Prices And Efficiency Primary Energy Sources Reliability and Quality Capacity Nature Preservation Climate Change Kyoto and Post-Kyoto Internal Market Security of Supply Environment
    4. 4. … one starts implementing the future … <ul><li>EDF Energies Nouvelles orders NGK battery system with an output of 150 MW , mainly used in photovoltaic plants (Japan Corporate News, 13 May 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration by European Electricity Sector CEOs: “Will Achieve a carbon-neutral power supply in Europe by 2050” (Eurelectric,18 March 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam launches ambitious electric cars scheme: city council plans to open 200 electric charging stations by 2012 (NRC, 25 March 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Green power takes root in Chinese desert. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Comp. winning bidder solar plant with 16 $ cents/kWh (NY Times, 7 March 2009) </li></ul>
    5. 5. … (more examples) … <ul><li>Vaillant and Honda develop cogeneration system for single family homes in Europe; in Japan and the U.S. more than 80,000 cogeneration systems have been installed (Press release Honda-Vaillant, 10 March 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>BASF, Linde, RWE pilot CO 2 scrubbing plant opens (Carbon Capture Journal, Sept 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Google contest will award $10 million to develop five innovative ideas that aim to change the world by helping as many people as possible. Google has been sifting through over 100,000 entries (in 25 languages) </li></ul>
    6. 6. … based on innovative businesses <ul><li>Cohesion is required for innovation and implementation </li></ul>Source: Van Someren. Strategische Innovationen. 2005: Abbildung 9.15: Institutionalisierte Innovation. Gabler Verlag time uniqueness Creative entrepreneur Business model Context People Technology Institutionalizing Innovation
    7. 7. We will discuss three topics today: <ul><li>Distributed Generation (DG) </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Mobility (EV) </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Topic 1 – Distributed Generation (DG)
    9. 9. Energy demand will grow due to economic developments
    10. 10. Reduction emissions: need for efficiency and renewables and CCS
    11. 11. Long term: transition to renewables Source: Advisory Council to the German Government on Global Climate Change (2003)
    12. 12. Predicting markets: What will be the main barrier for DG in 2050 ? 14% Revival of nuclear energy 10% No worldwide CO 2 regulation 14% CCS enables fossil fuels to be used 26% Storage not available 20% Network not ready to work as smart grid 16% Too high cost for DG
    13. 13. Topic 2 – Electrical mobility (EV)
    14. 14. History of Electric Vehicles <ul><li>First car (1890’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Every 20 years revival </li></ul><ul><li>80’s </li></ul><ul><li>Current developments </li></ul>Porsche, 1899
    15. 15. Electric vehicles: Why? <ul><li>Environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO 2 emission reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No local emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexibility in usage (renewable) fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Lower (future) prices </li></ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul>
    16. 16. Breakthrough of EV <ul><li>Technology Batteries, charging, infra </li></ul><ul><li>People Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Business Model Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Context Environment, Government, Public opinion </li></ul>
    17. 17. Predicting market: what will be the dominant car type in 2020-2030-2050?
    18. 18. Topic 3 – Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
    19. 19. Improve efficiency, reduce GHG emissions and have more kWh’s from 1 kg of coal. CO 2 -Emission average, world EU 27 PC Technology today 700°C-PC Technology CO 2 - Emission free Power Plant 2005 2010 2020 Efficiency CO 2 Emissions Consumption of Coal 30% 1.116 g CO 2 /kWh 480 g Coal/kWh 38% 881 g CO 2 /kWh 379 g Coal/kWh 45% 743 g CO 2 /kWh 320 g Coal/kWh > 50% 669 g CO 2 /kWh 288 g Coal/kWh Apply co-firing with biomass and CCS
    20. 21. CO 2 Injection and Storage Activities (IEA GHG) Nagaoka Hokkaido Qinshui Basin Snohvit Sleipner In Salah Key ECBM projects EOR projects Gas production Fields Saline aquifier Sibilla RECOPOL/MOVECBM CO 2 SINK K-12B Frio West Pearl Queen Mountaineer Weyburn Alberta ECBM Teapot Dome Rangely Burlington 4 CO 2 -EOR Pilots in Canada 50 Acid Gas injection sites in North America 70 CO2-EOR projects in U.S.A. Depleted Oil Field Otway Basin 4 CO2-EOR projects in Brazil. 10 new 1mt CO 2 injection projects by 2010 projects in U.S.A. Kuwait Oil
    21. 22. The public perception of CCS depends on awareness for climate change. NL UK US <ul><li>CCS rated more favorable for deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions than nuclear or intensive energy savings </li></ul><ul><li>CCS generally recognized as a potentially important carbon mitigation option </li></ul><ul><li>CCS considered less favorable, even compared to nuclear, after giving information on the technology </li></ul>
    22. 23. Predicting markets: What will be the main barrier for CCS in 2050 ? 18% Regulation and permits 20% Public acceptance 26% Availability and safety of geological storage 18% CO2 market price not global and not stable 18% Cost competitiveness compared to alternatives
    23. 24. There is a lot of work to do for us all ! Thank you for your attention.