PPT

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PPT

  1. 1. Daryl Rasmussen September 24, 2002 Slide 1 When are robots used? How are robots designed? What types of robots are there? Why a career in robotics? Elements of Robotics
  2. 2. <ul><li>Purposes of robots </li></ul><ul><li>Robot architecture & function </li></ul><ul><li>Systems, subsystems & components </li></ul><ul><li>Design trade-offs </li></ul><ul><li>Description of different robot types </li></ul>Slide 2 Topics of Discussion
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hazardous environment or material </li></ul><ul><li>Remote or unreachable location </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond human size scale </li></ul><ul><li>Power is beyond human capability </li></ul><ul><li>Speed is too high or low </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive job or too precise </li></ul>Slide 3 Why People Use Robots
  4. 4. <ul><li>Early robot concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Extending human capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic machines </li></ul><ul><li>Robots in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Robots for exploring </li></ul><ul><li>Robots as companions </li></ul><ul><li>Robots of the future </li></ul>Slide 4 Robot History
  5. 5. <ul><li>Function Human Robot </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotion Legs Wheels, propeller, legs </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Brain Computer, controller </li></ul><ul><li>Sensing Senses Sensors & instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation Hands Gripper, end-effectors </li></ul><ul><li>Structure Bones Frame or platform </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Food Battery, solar panel, fuel </li></ul>Slide 5 Human & Robot Anatomy
  6. 6. <ul><li>Land – roughness, grade, holes </li></ul><ul><li>Sea – weather, signal path (motion) </li></ul><ul><li>Undersea - signal path, pressure seal </li></ul><ul><li>Air – weight, power, control </li></ul><ul><li>Space – weight, launch stress </li></ul>Slide 6 Environmental Challenges
  7. 7. <ul><li>Working together - the human interface </li></ul><ul><li>Safety - operating rules for robots </li></ul><ul><li>Partners - strengths and weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>People - repairing robots </li></ul><ul><li>Robots - repairing people </li></ul>Slide 7 Cooperating with Robots
  8. 8. Propeller thrusters Tether Body, frame Temperature, salinity, pressure, position & image sensors Stereo cameras Wrist, gripper Controller An Undersea Robotic System Slide 8
  9. 9. <ul><li>Temperature vs. power </li></ul><ul><li>Weight vs. distance </li></ul><ul><li>Volume vs. weight </li></ul><ul><li>Power vs. time </li></ul><ul><li>Cost vs. risk </li></ul><ul><li>Communication rate vs. power </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomous vs. manual control </li></ul>Slide 9 Design Trade -offs
  10. 10. Slide 10 The social robot – Grace
  11. 11. Slide 11 A Humanoid, Robonaut
  12. 12. Slide 12 Marsokhod Rover in Mars Field Test
  13. 13. Slide 13 Marsokhod & Astronaut Working Together
  14. 14. Slide 14 Humanoid, Asimo by Honda
  15. 15. <ul><li>Challenges for the next generation </li></ul><ul><li>Promising technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is power AND rewarding </li></ul><ul><li>America is counting on you </li></ul>Slide 15 Robots in Your Future

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