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Artificial Intelligence, Vision, and Robotics Making computers think like humans
What is AI? A branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behavior, learning, and adaptation in machines.
Schools of thought on AI <ul><li>Conventional AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Base...
History of AI <ul><li>17th Century - Rene Descartes- Clockwork Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>1910 - Bertrand Russell & Alfred...
History of AI <ul><li>1974 - Paul Werbos - Backpropagation Algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s - Gulf War - Unit Scheduling...
Branches of AI <ul><li>Learning Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Vision Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Robotics </li></ul><ul><li>Expe...
Learning Systems <ul><li>Combination of hardware & software </li></ul><ul><li>Changes reaction based on feedback </li></ul...
Vision Systems <ul><li>Combination of hardware & software </li></ul><ul><li>Capture, store, manipulate images </li></ul><u...
Robotics <ul><li>Mechanical or computer devices that perform tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Human control or autonomous </li></ul...
Expert Systems <ul><li>Knowledge Base </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as expert in one field </li></ul><ul><li>Uses heuristics </li...
Natural Language Processing <ul><li>AI and linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Speech recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Natural lang...
Fuzzy Logic <ul><li>Ambiguous criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Approximate reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Non-mutually exclusive ev...
Genetic Algorithm <ul><li>Solving problems using evolution as a model </li></ul><ul><li>Best algorithm emerges </li></ul><...
Intelligent Agents <ul><li>Assists user acting on their behalf </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn, adapt, accommodate, remember, ...
Neural Networks <ul><li>Simulate function of human neuron </li></ul><ul><li>Massive parallel processors </li></ul><ul><li>...
AI in Fiction <ul><li>1927 - Metropolis </li></ul><ul><li>1956 - Forbidden Planet </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - 2001: A Space O...
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Lecture13.ppt

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Lecture13.ppt

  1. 1. Artificial Intelligence, Vision, and Robotics Making computers think like humans
  2. 2. What is AI? A branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behavior, learning, and adaptation in machines.
  3. 3. Schools of thought on AI <ul><li>Conventional AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Base Reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computational AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neural Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuzzy Logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutionary Computation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Intelligence Systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. History of AI <ul><li>17th Century - Rene Descartes- Clockwork Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>1910 - Bertrand Russell & Alfred North Whitehead - Principia Mathematia </li></ul><ul><li>1950 - Alan Turing - Turing Test </li></ul><ul><li>1956 - John McCarthy - Artificial Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>1950’s - John von Neumann & John Nash - Gaming Theory </li></ul><ul><li>1966 - Joseph Weizenbaum - ELIZA </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of AI <ul><li>1974 - Paul Werbos - Backpropagation Algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s - Gulf War - Unit Scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s Honda - ASIMO </li></ul><ul><li>1997 - Deep Blue vs. Gary Kapsparov </li></ul><ul><li>2000’s - Machine Visions Research & Data Mining </li></ul>
  6. 6. Branches of AI <ul><li>Learning Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Vision Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Robotics </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Language Processor </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzzy Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Neural Networks </li></ul>
  7. 7. Learning Systems <ul><li>Combination of hardware & software </li></ul><ul><li>Changes reaction based on feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to achieve favorable outcome </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vision Systems <ul><li>Combination of hardware & software </li></ul><ul><li>Capture, store, manipulate images </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detecting events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling objects or environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Robotics <ul><li>Mechanical or computer devices that perform tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Human control or autonomous </li></ul><ul><li>Some uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxic waste clean-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delicate surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote surgery on battlefield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space exploration </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Expert Systems <ul><li>Knowledge Base </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as expert in one field </li></ul><ul><li>Uses heuristics </li></ul><ul><li>Recommends </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeland security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial investment </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Natural Language Processing <ul><li>AI and linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Speech recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Natural language generation </li></ul><ul><li>Information retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Chatterbot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://person. jabberwacky . com/george </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Fuzzy Logic <ul><li>Ambiguous criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Approximate reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Non-mutually exclusive events </li></ul><ul><li>Small scale problems </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Household appliance control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language filters on message boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cameras </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Genetic Algorithm <ul><li>Solving problems using evolution as a model </li></ul><ul><li>Best algorithm emerges </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code-breaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Container loading optimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class scheduling </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Intelligent Agents <ul><li>Assists user acting on their behalf </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn, adapt, accommodate, remember, long & short term memory, self-analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Four types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buyer agents or shopping bots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User or personal agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring-and-surveillance agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Mining agents </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Neural Networks <ul><li>Simulate function of human neuron </li></ul><ul><li>Massive parallel processors </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn </li></ul><ul><li>Excel at pattern recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail spam filtering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Game playing & decision making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facial recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data mining </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. AI in Fiction <ul><li>1927 - Metropolis </li></ul><ul><li>1956 - Forbidden Planet </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - 2001: A Space Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>1973 - Westworld </li></ul><ul><li>1982 - Bladerunner </li></ul><ul><li>1984 - The Terminator </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - Terminator 2: Judgment Day </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - The Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>2001- Artificial Intelligence: AI </li></ul><ul><li>2003 - Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines </li></ul><ul><li>2004 - I, Robot </li></ul>

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