CarLink_II.ppt

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CarLink_II.ppt

  1. 1. Susan A. Shaheen, Ph.D. Honda Distinguished Scholar Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways & ITS-Davis, University of California, Berkeley & Davis PATH Annual Conference October 18, 2001 CARLINK II: TESTING A COMMUTER CARSHARING MODEL
  2. 2. <ul><li>PRESENTATION OVERVIEW </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Shared Vehicles Defined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Shared Vehicle Overview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> CarLink Defined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> CarLink I Findings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  CarLink II Status & Updates </li></ul>
  3. 3. SHARED VEHICLES DEFINED <ul><li>Individuals Gain the Benefits of Private Cars Without the Costs and Responsibilities of Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals Access a Fleet of Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Participants Pay a Fee Per Use or Per Month </li></ul>
  4. 4. SHARED VEHICLE MODELS <ul><li>Neighborhood Carsharing </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Station Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Model (e.g., Commuter-Based Carsharing) </li></ul>
  5. 5. CARSHARING’S ROOTS <ul><li>Sefage (1948) of Zurich, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Recent Developments Began in 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 Fleets Active in 400 Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Claim Over 150,000 Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility (Switzerland, 1987) and StattAuto (Germany, 1988) </li></ul>
  6. 6. U.S. SHARED VEHICLES: CARSHARING <ul><li>15 Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Non-Profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Research Pilots </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. U.S. SHARED VEHICLES: STATION CARS <ul><li>5 Station Car Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Non-Profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Research Pilots </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. U.S. SHARED VEHICLES: SUMMARY <ul><li>10 Programs Planned </li></ul><ul><li>Total Members: 5,377 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Vehicles: 280 </li></ul>
  9. 9. GROWTH: U.S. CARSHARING 1995 - 2001
  10. 10. <ul><li>WHAT IS CARLINK? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> A Commuter Carsharing Model, Linked to Transit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Public-Private Partnership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Smart Technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Three User Groups: Homebased Users, Workbased Commuters, and Workbased Day Users </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. CARLINK MODEL Home•based Port Transit•based Port Employer•based Port
  12. 12. CARLINK I: BACKGROUND <ul><li>10-Month Program, January to </li></ul><ul><li>November 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>12 Natural Gas Honda Civics </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: Caltrans, PATH, </li></ul><ul><li>American Honda, BART, and LLNL </li></ul><ul><li>East San Francisco Bay Area </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to Rail Transit (BART) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>CARLINK: RESEARCH PURPOSE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem : Most U.S. Trips Driven Alone by Car. Can More Efficient System Link Shared-Use Fleets to Transit? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives : Evaluate CarLink Response, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gather User and Economic Data, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test Service, and Advanced Technologies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. CARLINK I: KEY FINDINGS <ul><li>Environmental Concern High </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Cost & Increased Convenience Key Usage Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Users Wanted More Mixed Fleet (e.g., Pickup Truck) </li></ul><ul><li>Members Would Share Rides More Frequently, If Communication Facilitated </li></ul>
  15. 15. CARLINK I: KEY FINDINGS <ul><li>If a Permanent Service, Several Homebased Users Would Sell Personal Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Net Reduction in Vehicle Miles Per Day (~20 Miles) for CarLink Commuters </li></ul><ul><li>At Least 20 New BART Trips Generated Per Day </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><ul><li> Launched July 26, 2001 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Public-Private Partnership: Caltrans, Honda, PATH, UC Davis, Caltrain, and Stanford Business Park </li></ul></ul></ul>CARLINK II: STATUS
  17. 17. <ul><ul><ul><li>Homebased Users and Business Subscribers (Multiple Employers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> 27 ULEV Civics, Based at Caltrain </li></ul></ul></ul>CARLINK II: COMPONENTS
  18. 18. <ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Seamless Technology: GPS, In-Vehicle Navigation, Smart Key Access, On-Line Reservations </li></ul></ul></ul>CARLINK II: TECHNOLOGIES
  19. 19. CARLINK II: STATUS <ul><ul><ul><li> Employers: SAP, Motorola, Genencor, Packard Foundation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Over 80 Participants Enrolled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Users Driven 4,000 Miles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Plans to Transition Operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> www.gocarlink.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CARLINK II: EVALUATION <ul><ul><ul><li> Pre-Launch Focus Groups, Aided Final Design (Fall 2000) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Participants Complete On-Line Questionnaires and Travel Diaries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In-Vehicle Technology Tracks/Sends VMT, User ID, Time, Fuel, and Location </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. CARLINK II: EARLY FINDINGS
  22. 22. <ul><li>ACKNOWLEDGMENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> American Honda Motor Company, Inc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Caltrain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Stanford Business Park </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> CarLink II Team </li></ul></ul></ul>

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