BF2D
                                                   Owner’s Manual




©2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserve...
The engine exhaust from this
                      product contains chemicals
                      known to the State of ...
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your selection of    We suggest you read the warranty
a Honda outboard motor. We are      ...
INTRODUCTION

A FEW WORDS ABOUT                       You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, in...
CONTENTS

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY .................................... 6                           OTHER FEATURES .............
CONTENTS

OPERATION ................................................................. 22    SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR ...
CONTENTS

STORAGE ..................................................................... 51        TECHNICAL AND CONSUMER I...
OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY                        Operator Responsibility                    Attach the emerge...
OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY

Refuel With Care                         Carbon Monoxide Hazard
 Gasoline is extremely flammable,  ...
OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY

SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS




The labels shown here contain important safety information. Please read ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES
CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION CODES
   Model                                                   ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS
     THROTTLE LEVER           ENGINE STOP SWITCH
     (SCAB type)  ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

CONTROLS                        The engine stop switch controls          Choke Knob
               ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Throttle Lever                            Throttle Grip                             Throttle Fricti...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Fuel Valve Lever                         Recoil Starter Grip                         Engine Cover R...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt             Tilt Lever
                                               ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Steering Friction Bolt                 Clamp Screws                           Fuel Cap Vent Knob
  ...
CONTROLS AND FEATURES

OTHER FEATURES                         Oil Level Inspection Window              Anode
Centrifugal C...
INSTALLATION
Correct and secure installation is        INSTALLATION POSITION               Install the engine so the
essen...
INSTALLATION

When the outboard motor is installed      Optimum installation height varies     ATTACHMENT
extremely low, w...
INSTALLATION

TRANSOM ANGLE
ADJUSTMENT
Use the transom angle adjusting bolt
(p. 22 ) to adjust the angle of the
outboard m...
BEFORE OPERATION
ARE YOU READY TO GET                    Safety
UNDER WAY?
                                        Always ...
BEFORE OPERATION

Safety Inspection                       Maintenance Inspection
  Look around the outboard motor         ...
OPERATION
SAFE OPERATING                            BREAK-IN PROCEDURE                     The transom angle adjusting bol...
OPERATION

STARTING THE ENGINE                     The engine will not start or run,
                                     ...
OPERATION

                                      THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB        4. Move the throttle lever or the
      ...
OPERATION

                                                                                 7. If the choke knob was pulle...
OPERATION

EMERGENCY STARTING
                                            RECOIL STARTER                                 S...
OPERATION

5. Pull the emergency starter rope         6. If the choke was used to start the   8. If it was necessary to re...
OPERATION

STOPPING THE ENGINE                    Normal Engine Stopping
                                                 ...
OPERATION

              FUEL VALVE LEVER                  FUEL CAP VENT KNOB




                             OFF



    ...
OPERATION

THROTTLE OPERATION               Use the throttle friction knob to help
                                 hold a...
OPERATION

REVERSING THE                        THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB        1. For the throttle lever type: Move
OUTB...
OPERATION

                                       STEERING                                       STEERING FRICTION BOLT


...
OPERATION

CRUISING                                  Transom Angle
Engine Speed                              Install the o...
OPERATION

MOORING, BEACHING,                       1. Stop the engine and turn the fuel
LAUNCHING                        ...
OPERATION


                        TILT LEVER

                                                           NO
            ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR
THE IMPORTANCE OF                         To help you properly care for your      Remember t...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

MAINTENANCE SAFETY                     Safety Precautions                       Read the in...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

TOOL KIT AND
EMERGENCY STARTER
ROPE

                                           8    10 mm ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Follow the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE table and service your outboard motor ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


   REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3)
   Perform at every indicated month or                      ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

ENGINE COVER REMOVAL                     Engine Oil Level Check                     Engine ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

                                                                                      Engin...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Gear Oil Change                           2. Allow the used oil to drain           3. Add o...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Lubrication Points                                                THROTTLE ARM             ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Spark Plug Service
                                            SPARK PLUG WRENCH           ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

6. Install the spark plug carefully, by
   hand, to avoid cross-threading.

7. After the sp...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

REFUELING                                     FUEL FILLER CAP
                             ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
Use unleaded gasoline with a pump         Running the engine with pers...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Recoil Starter Rope Inspection         Anode Replacement
        RECOIL STARTER ROPE       ...
SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Propeller Replacement                     Removal                              Installation...
STORAGE
STORAGE PREPARATION                       Fuel                                      The length of time that gasoli...
STORAGE

Adding a Fuel Stabilizer                                                          Draining the Fuel Tank and
    ...
STORAGE

2. With the engine stopped, turn the      Engine Oil                                  To carry the outboard motor...
STORAGE

                                           INCORRECT   Cover the outboard motor to keep out
                 CORR...
TRANSPORTING
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR                       WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR
INSTALLED ON BOAT                         REMOV...
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS

     ENGINE WILL NOT START                  Possible Cause                         Cor...
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS

  ENGINE WILL NOT START                        Possible Cause                        C...
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2006

  1. 1. BF2D Owner’s Manual ©2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserved 2006
  2. 2. The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. Keep this owner’s manual handy, so you can refer to it at any time. This owner’s manual is considered a permanent part of the outboard motor and should remain with the outboard motor if resold. The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right, however, to discontinue or change specifications or design at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation whatever. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of We suggest you read the warranty a Honda outboard motor. We are policy to fully understand its certain you will be pleased with your coverage and your responsibilities of purchase of one of the finest ownership. outboard motors on the market. When your outboard motor needs We want to help you get the best scheduled maintenance, keep in mind results from your new outboard that your Honda marine dealer is motor and to operate it safely. This specially trained in servicing Honda manual contains information on how outboard motors. Your Honda marine to do that; please read it carefully. dealer is dedicated to your satisfaction and will be pleased to answer your questions and concerns. As you read this manual you will find information preceded by a Best Wishes, Honda Motor Co., Ltd. symbol. That information is intended to help you avoid damage to your outboard motor, other property, or the environment. 1
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including: SAFETY Safety Labels on the outboard motor. Your safety and the safety of others are very important. And using this Safety Messages preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of outboard motor safely is an important three signal words, DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION. responsibility. These signal words mean: To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY provided operating procedures and HURT if you don’t follow instructions. other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY you to potential hazards that could HURT if you don’t follow instructions. hurt you or others. You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow Of course, it is not practical or instructions. possible to warn you about all the hazards associated with operating or Safety Headings such as IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION. maintaining an outboard motor. You must use your own good judgment. Safety Section such as OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY. Instructions how to use this outboard motor correctly and safely. This entire book is filled with important safety information please read it carefully. 2
  5. 5. CONTENTS OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY .................................... 6 OTHER FEATURES ................................................. 16 IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ................. 6 Centrifugal Clutch (SCHA/LCHA type) ............... 16 SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS ................................. 8 Oil Level Inspection Window ................................ 16 Anode ..................................................................... 16 CONTROLS AND FEATURES ..................................... 9 CONTROLS AND FEATURE INSTALLATION ........................................................... 17 IDENTIFICATION CODES ................................... 9 POWER REQUIREMENTS...................................... 17 COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS ..... 10 INSTALLATION POSITION ................................... 17 CONTROLS ............................................................... 11 ATTACHMENT ........................................................ 18 Engine Stop Switch and Switch Clip ..................... 11 TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ...................... 19 Choke Knob .......................................................... 11 Throttle Lever (SCAB type) .................................. 12 BEFORE OPERATION................................................. 20 Throttle Grip (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type)............... 12 ARE YOU READY TO GET UNDER WAY ...... 20 Throttle Friction Knob IS YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type) ................................. 12 READY TO GO ................................................. 20 Fuel Valve Lever .................................................... 13 Recoil Starter Grip ................................................. 13 Engine Cover Retaining Strap .............................. 13 Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt .............................. 14 Tilt Lever ................................................................ 14 Steering Friction Bolt ............................................. 15 Clamp Screws......................................................... 15 Fuel Cap Vent Knob .............................................. 15 3
  6. 6. CONTENTS OPERATION ................................................................. 22 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR ............... 36 SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS ..................... 22 THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE ............ 36 BREAK-IN PROCEDURE........................................ 22 MAINTENANCE SAFETY ...................................... 37 TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ...................... 22 TOOL KIT AND EMERGENCY STARTER STARTING THE ENGINE ....................................... 23 ROPE...................................................................... 38 EMERGENCY STARTING ...................................... 26 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ................................ 39 STOPPING THE ENGINE ........................................ 28 ENGINE COVER REMOVAL AND Emergency Engine Stopping ................................. 28 INSTALLATION................................................... 41 Normal Engine Stopping........................................ 28 Engine Oil Level Check ......................................... 41 THROTTLE OPERATION ....................................... 30 Engine Oil Change ................................................. 41 REVERSING THE OUTBOARD MOTOR ............. 31 Engine Oil Recommendations ............................... 42 STEERING ................................................................ 32 Gear Oil Change..................................................... 43 CRUISING ................................................................. 33 Lubrication Points .................................................. 44 MOORING, BEACHING, LAUNCHING ................ 34 Spark Plug Service ................................................. 45 REFUELING.............................................................. 47 FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS ................................ 48 Recoil Starter Rope Inspection .............................. 49 Anode Replacement ............................................... 49 Propeller Replacement ........................................... 50 4
  7. 7. CONTENTS STORAGE ..................................................................... 51 TECHNICAL AND CONSUMER INFORMATION... 62 STORAGE PREPARATION .................................... 51 TECHNICAL INFORMATION ................................ 62 Cleaning ................................................................. 51 Serial Number Locations ....................................... 62 Fuel ......................................................................... 51 Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Adding a Fuel Stabilizer ........................................ 52 Operation ............................................................ 63 Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor ................. 52 Oxygenated Fuels ................................................... 64 Engine Oil .............................................................. 53 Emission Control System Information .................. 65 STORAGE PRECAUTIONS .................................... 53 Star Label ............................................................... 67 REMOVAL FROM STORAGE ................................ 54 Specifications ......................................................... 69 CONSUMER INFORMATION ................................ 70 TRANSPORTING ......................................................... 55 Honda Publications ................................................ 70 WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLED Customer Service Information ............................... 70 ON BOAT .............................................................. 55 Distributor’s Limited Warranty ............................. 73 WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR REMOVED Emission Control System Warranty ...................... 77 FROM BOAT ........................................................ 55 WIRING DIAGRAM ..................................................... 81 TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS..... 56 ENGINE WILL NOT START ................................... 56 INDEX............................................................................ 82 HARD STARTING OR STALLS AFTER STARTING ............................................................ 58 ENGINE WILL NOT DRIVE THE PROPELLER... 59 SUBMERGED MOTOR ........................................... 60 5
  8. 8. OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY Operator Responsibility Attach the emergency stop switch INFORMATION lanyard securely to the operator. It is the operator’s responsibility to The Honda BF2D outboard motor is provide the necessary safeguards Always wear a PFD (Personal designed for use with boats that have to protect people and property. Flotation Device) while on the a suitable manufacturer’s power Know how to stop the engine boat. recommendation. Other uses can quickly in case of emergency. result in injury to the operator or Understand the use of all controls. Familiarize yourself with all laws damage to the outboard motor and and regulations relating to boating other property. Stop the engine immediately if and the use of outboard motors. anyone falls overboard, and do not Most accidents can be prevented if run the engine while the boat is Be sure that anyone who operates you follow all instructions in this near anyone in the water. the outboard motor receives proper manual and on the outboard motor. instruction. The most common hazards are Always stop the engine if you discussed below, along with the best must leave the controls for any Be sure the outboard motor is way to protect yourself and others. reason. properly mounted on the boat. Do not remove the engine cover while the engine is running. 6
  9. 9. OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY Refuel With Care Carbon Monoxide Hazard Gasoline is extremely flammable, Exhaust gas contains poisonous and gasoline vapor can explode. carbon monoxide. Avoid inhalation Refuel outdoors, in a well- of exhaust gas. Never run the engine ventilated area, with the engine in a closed garage or confined area. stopped. Never smoke near gasoline, and keep other flames and sparks away. Refuel carefully to avoid spilling fuel. Avoid overfilling the fuel tank. After refueling, tighten the filler cap securely. If any fuel is spilled, make sure the area is dry before starting the engine. 7
  10. 10. OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS The labels shown here contain important safety information. Please read them carefully. These labels are considered permanent parts of your outboard motor. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact an authorized Honda marine dealer for a replacement. 8
  11. 11. CONTROLS AND FEATURES CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION CODES Model BF2D Type SHA SCHA LCHA S Shaft Length L Throttle Grip Centrifugal Clutch Refer to this chart for an explanation of the Type Codes used in this manual to identify control and feature applications. TYPE CODE(example) S C H A Destination A=America Throttle type H=Throttle grip None=Throttle lever Centrifugal clutch C=With centrifugal clutch None=Without centrifugal clutch Shaft length S=Short shaft L=Long shaft 9
  12. 12. CONTROLS AND FEATURES COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS THROTTLE LEVER ENGINE STOP SWITCH (SCAB type) FUEL FILLER CAP STARTER GRIP ENGINE COVER CASE PROTECTOR OIL FILLER CAP (inside the engine cover) CHOKE KNOB OIL LEVEL INSPECTION WINDOW THROTTLE GRIP FUEL VALVE LEVER (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type) ENGINE COVER TILLER HANDLE RETAINING STRAP EMERGENCY ENGINE THROTTLE GRIP STOP SWITCH LANYARD STEERING FRICTION KNOB FRICTION BOLT (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type) CLAMP SCREW ANODE METAL ADJUSTING BOLT TILT LEVER AND WING NUT ANTIVENTILATION PLATE STERN BRACKET GEAR OIL LEVEL PLUG GEAR OIL DRAIN/FILL PLUG PROPELLER LCHA type is shown 10
  13. 13. CONTROLS AND FEATURES CONTROLS The engine stop switch controls Choke Knob normal engine stopping and Engine Stop Switch and Switch emergency engine stopping. CHOKE KNOB Clip The switch clip must be inserted in ENGINE STOP SWITCH the engine stop switch in order for the engine to start and run. The lanyard should be attached to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation OFF Device) or worn around the wrist as ON shown (p. 23 ). When used as described, the engine stop switch and lanyard system stops the engine if the operator falls away The choke knob opens and closes the from the controls. choke valve in the carburetor. SWITCH CLIP A spare switch clip is supplied with The ON position enriches the fuel the tool kit. mixture for starting a cold engine. LANYARD SWITCH CLIP The OFF position provides the correct fuel mixture for operation after starting, and for restarting a warm engine. LANYARD 11
  14. 14. CONTROLS AND FEATURES Throttle Lever Throttle Grip Throttle Friction Knob (SCAB type) (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type) (SHA/SCHA/LCHA type) The throttle lever controls engine THROTTLE GRIP THROTTLE GRIP FRICTION KNOB speed. An index mark on the engine cover RELEASE FIX shows throttle position and is helpful FAST for setting the throttle correctly when starting (p. 24 ). SLOW THROTTLE LEVER The throttle grip controls engine The throttle friction knob adjusts speed. resistance to throttle grip rotation. An index mark on the tiller arm Turn the knob clockwise to increase shows throttle position and is helpful friction for holding a throttle setting SLOW for setting the throttle correctly when while cruising. starting (p. 24 ). Turn the knob counterclockwise to FAST decrease friction for easy throttle grip rotation. 12
  15. 15. CONTROLS AND FEATURES Fuel Valve Lever Recoil Starter Grip Engine Cover Retaining Strap ENGINE COVER FUEL VALVE LEVER RECOIL STARTER GRIP ON OFF STRAP The fuel valve opens and closes the Pull the starter grip to operate the Use the retaining strap to hold the passage between the fuel tank and the recoil starter for starting the engine. engine cover closed. Do not remove carburetor. the engine cover while the engine is running. The fuel valve lever must be in the ON position for the engine to run. When the engine is not in use, leave the fuel valve lever in the OFF position to prevent carburetor flooding and to reduce the possibility of fuel leakage. 13
  16. 16. CONTROLS AND FEATURES Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt Tilt Lever REAR CARRYING HANDLE FRONT CARRYING 75° HANDLE TILT LEVER ADJUSTING BOLT AND WING NUT The transom angle adjusting bolt is The tilt lever enables the outboard To return the outboard motor to the used to adjust the angle of the motor to be tilted for beaching, normal running position, hold the outboard motor in the normal launching, or mooring. outboard motor and pull the tilt lever, operating position (see page 22 ). then slowly lower the outboard motor. Tilt the outboard motor by holding Loosen the wing nut to free the the carrying handles, as shown. The adjusting bolt. spring-loaded tilt lever will automatically move into position and Adjust the angle of the outboard hold the outboard motor when it motor, and tighten the wing nut. Be reaches approximately 75°. sure that the bolt head and wing nut are seated in one of the four recesses in the adjustment slot. 14
  17. 17. CONTROLS AND FEATURES Steering Friction Bolt Clamp Screws Fuel Cap Vent Knob STEERING FRICTION BOLT CLAMP SCREWS VENT KNOB OPEN TO INCREASE FRICTION TO DECREASE FRICTION FUEL FILLER CAP The steering friction bolt adjusts Use the clamp screws to secure the The cap is provided with a vent knob steering resistance. outboard motor to the transom. to seal the fuel tank. Open the vent knob 2 or 3 turns before starting the Less friction allows the outboard engine (p. 23 ). motor to turn more easily. More friction helps to hold steady course while cruising or to prevent the outboard motor from swinging while trailering the boat. 15
  18. 18. CONTROLS AND FEATURES OTHER FEATURES Oil Level Inspection Window Anode Centrifugal Clutch (SCHA/ Short shaft type Long shaft type LCHA type) UPPER LIMIT LOWER LIMIT The centrifugal clutch automatically engages and transmits power when engine speed is increased above approximately 2,700 rpm. At idle speed, the clutch is disengaged. OIL LEVEL INSPECTION WINDOW Use the oil level inspection window to check the engine oil level with the engine stopped and the outboard ANODE motor in the upright position. The anode is made of a sacrificial material that helps to protect the outboard motor from corrosion. 16
  19. 19. INSTALLATION Correct and secure installation is INSTALLATION POSITION Install the engine so the essential for safe boating and good antiventilation plate is at or slightly performance. Follow the installation below the bottom of the boat. When instructions provided in this manual. the boat is in the water and normally loaded, make sure the antiventilation POWER REQUIREMENTS plate is at least 6 in (150 mm) below the surface of the water. If your Before installation, check to be sure installation does not meet both these that the outboard motor does not conditions, see your Honda marine exceed the recommended maximum dealer for advice. horsepower for the boat on which it The correct dimensions differ is to be installed. Refer to the boat’s CENTER LINE according to the type of the boat and certification plate for recommended the configuration of the bottom of maximum horsepower. If the the boats. Follow the manufacture’s certification plate information is not Install the outboard motor on the recommended installation height. available, contact the boat dealer or center of the boat transom. manufacturer. WATER For most applications, the outboard TRANSOM SURFACE motor should have a horsepower HEIGHT rating which provides 80% of the maximum recommended horsepower for the boat. 6 in ANTIVENTILATION (150 mm) PLATE Type: Transom Height S: 16.5 in (418 mm) L: 22.5 in (571 mm) 17
  20. 20. INSTALLATION When the outboard motor is installed Optimum installation height varies ATTACHMENT extremely low, water may enter into with boat type and bottom shape. the engine under case and negatively Contact the boat manufacturer for affect the performance and durability. any special recommendations that are When installing, check that the unique to a specific model of boat. outboard motor is high enough from the water level to keep the engine If the transom needs to be modified under case from waves, splash, etc. to accommodate the outboard motor, when the engine is stopped with the contact the boat manufacturer and boat fully loaded. follow their recommendations for corrective action. STERN BRACKET If the outboard motor is installed too low, the boat will squat and be hard to plane, and the motor will spray SAFETY ROPE CLAMP SCREWS water that may enter the boat. It will tend to porpoise, and high-speed Attach the stern bracket to the boat stability will be reduced. transom by tightening the clamp screws. Propeller ventilation will occur if the outboard motor is installed too high Attach a rope from the boat to the on the boat transom. hole in the stern bracket. This will help to prevent accidental loss of the outboard motor. 18
  21. 21. INSTALLATION TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT Use the transom angle adjusting bolt (p. 22 ) to adjust the angle of the outboard motor so the propeller is perpendicular to the surface of the water. 19
  22. 22. BEFORE OPERATION ARE YOU READY TO GET Safety UNDER WAY? Always wear a PFD (Personal Improperly maintaining Your safety is your responsibility. A Flotation Device) while on the boat. this outboard motor, or little time spent in preparation will failing to correct a problem significantly reduce your risk of Attach the emergency stop switch before operation, can cause injury. lanyard securely to your PFD or to a malfunction in which you your wrist. could be seriously hurt or Knowledge killed. IS YOUR OUTBOARD Read and understand this manual. MOTOR READY TO GO? Always perform a Know what the controls do and how preoperation inspection to operate them. For your safety, and to maximize the before each operation, and service life of your equipment, it is correct any problem. Familiarize yourself with the very important to take a few outboard motor and its operation moments before you operate the before you get under way. Know outboard motor to check its condition. what to do in case of emergencies. Be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your authorized Familiarize yourself with all laws Honda marine dealer correct it, and regulations relating to boating before you operate the outboard and the use of outboard motors. motor. 20
  23. 23. BEFORE OPERATION Safety Inspection Maintenance Inspection Look around the outboard motor Check the engine oil level (p. 41 ). for signs of oil or gasoline leaks. Running the engine with a low oil level can cause engine damage. Wipe up any spills before starting the engine. Check to be sure the propeller is undamaged (p. 50 ). Check the stern bracket to be sure the outboard motor is securely Check that the anode is securely installed. attached to the antiventilation plate (p. 49 ) and is not excessively Check that all controls are worn. The anode helps to protect operating properly. the outboard motor from corrosion. Replace any damaged parts. Make sure the tool kit and emergency starter rope are Check that all fasteners are in onboard (p. 38 ). Replace any place and securely tightened. missing items. Check the fuel level in the fuel tank (p. 47 ). 21
  24. 24. OPERATION SAFE OPERATING BREAK-IN PROCEDURE The transom angle adjusting bolt is PRECAUTIONS used to adjust the angle of the Proper break-in procedure allows the outboard motor in the normal To safely realize the full potential of moving parts to wear in smoothly for operating position (p. 33 ). this outboard motor, you need a best performance and long service complete understanding of its life. 1. To adjust, first tilt the outboard operation and a certain amount of motor so it is not resting on the practice with its controls. For the first 10 hours, run the bolt. outboard motor at low speed, and Before operating the outboard motor avoid full-throttle operation. There are four adjustment for the first time, please review the positions. IMPORTANT SAFETY TRANSOM ANGLE INFORMATION on page 6 and the ADJUSTMENT 2. Loosen the wing nut to free the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION. adjusting bolt. For your safety, avoid starting or 3. Adjust the angle of the motor, and operating the engine in an enclosed tighten the wing nut. Be sure that area. Your engine’s exhaust contains the bolt head and wing nut are poisonous carbon monoxide gas seated in one of the four which can collect rapidly in an adjustment positions. enclosed area and cause illness or death. To prevent damage to the motor or boat, make sure the transom angle adjusting bolt is tight. ADJUSTING BOLT AND WING NUT 22
  25. 25. OPERATION STARTING THE ENGINE The engine will not start or run, unless the clip is in the switch. OPEN EMERGENCY STOP VENT KNOB SWITCH CLIP The emergency stop switch clip and lanyard system is a safety device that will stop the engine if you fall away from the controls while operating the boat. Always attach the lanyard to your PFD, or to your wrist, before starting the engine. FUEL FILLER CAP 2. Open the fuel tank vent by turning ENGINE STOP the vent knob at least 2 or 3 turns LANYARD SWITCH counterclockwise. 1. Put the emergency stop switch clip in the engine stop switch, and attach the lanyard to your PFD (Personal Flotation Device) or to your wrist, as shown. 23
  26. 26. OPERATION THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB 4. Move the throttle lever or the FUEL VALVE LEVER throttle grip to the START THROTTLE LEVER position. Do not start the engine with the throttle lever or the throttle grip in the FAST position, or the boat will move suddenly when the engine starts. ON START 3. Move the fuel valve lever to the THROTTLE GRIP type: SHA, SCHA, ON position. LCHA THROTTLE GRIP START 24
  27. 27. OPERATION 7. If the choke knob was pulled to CHOKE KNOB STARTER GRIP the ON position to start the engine, gradually push it to the OFF position as the engine warms up. Also, as the engine warms up, the throttle lever or the throttle grip can be turned to the SLOW OFF ON position without stalling. 8. Before getting under way, allow the engine to warm up sufficiently to ensure good performance. 5. To start a cold engine, pull the 6. Pull the recoil starter grip slowly choke knob to the ON position. To until you feel resistance, then pull restart a warm engine, leave the briskly. choke knob in the OFF position. Return the starter grip gently. 25
  28. 28. OPERATION EMERGENCY STARTING RECOIL STARTER STARTER ROPE If the recoil starter is not working properly, you can start the engine manually using the emergency starter rope supplied with the tool kit. ENGINE COVER 5 mm NUTS 2. Remove the three 5 mm nuts with 4. Set the knotted end of the an 8 mm wrench and remove the emergency starter rope in the notch recoil starter. in the flywheel. Wind the rope clockwise around the flywheel, as 1. Remove the engine cover. 3. Set the controls the same as for shown. normal starting (see pages 23 25 ). Use the choke control if needed. 26
  29. 29. OPERATION 5. Pull the emergency starter rope 6. If the choke was used to start the 8. If it was necessary to remove the slowly until resistance is felt, then engine, return the knob to the emergency stop switch lanyard pull briskly. normal operating position as the from your wrist to perform the engine warms up. emergency starting procedure, be Keep away from moving parts sure the lanyard is attached to your while pulling the rope. 7. Leave the recoil starter assembly wrist before operating the off, but install the engine cover outboard motor. If necessary, rewind the rope and (p. 41 ). pull again. If the engine does not 9. Have your closest authorized start after several attempts, refer to Honda marine dealer check your TAKING CARE OF recoil starter system and correct UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS, Exposed moving parts can the problem, so you can use the p. 56 . cause injury. recoil starter. Do not operate the The recoil starter assembly should outboard motor without be reinstalled after the recoil the engine cover. starter is working again. Install the recoil starter assembly with the Use extreme care when engine stopped. installing the engine cover. 27
  30. 30. OPERATION STOPPING THE ENGINE Normal Engine Stopping ENGINE STOP SWITCH Emergency Engine Stopping THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB THROTTLE LEVER LANYARD PUSH SLOW SWITCH CLIP To stop the engine in an emergency, 2. Push the engine stop switch button pull the clip out of the engine stop THROTTLE GRIP type: SHA, SCHA, until the engine stops. switch by pulling the lanyard. LCHA In the event that the engine does We suggest that you stop the engine THROTTLE GRIP not stop when you push the engine this way occasionally to verify that stop switch, pull the emergency the engine or emergency stop switch engine stop switch lanyard. If the is operating properly. engine continues to run, move the fuel valve lever to the OFF SLOW position and pull the choke knob to stop the engine. 1. Move the throttle lever or the throttle grip to the SLOW position. 28
  31. 31. OPERATION FUEL VALVE LEVER FUEL CAP VENT KNOB OFF FUEL FILLER CAP 3. Move the fuel valve lever to the 4. Close the fuel tank vent by turning OFF position. vent knob clockwise. 29
  32. 32. OPERATION THROTTLE OPERATION Use the throttle friction knob to help hold a constant throttle setting while THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB cruising. THROTTLE LEVER Turn the knob clockwise to increase throttle grip friction for holding a constant speed. Turn the knob counterclockwise to decrease friction for easy grip rotation. FAST THROTTLE GRIP type: SHA, SCHA, LCHA THROTTLE FRICTION KNOB THROTTLE GRIP FAST 30
  33. 33. OPERATION REVERSING THE THROTTLE LEVER type: SCAB 1. For the throttle lever type: Move OUTBOARD MOTOR the throttle lever to the SLOW THROTTLE LEVER position. INPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS For the throttle grip type: Move Bef ore rotating the outboard the throttle grip to the SLOW motor (f rom either f orward to position and hold it there by reverse or f rom reverse to turning the throttle grip friction f orward) reduce the engine speed SLOW knob clockwise. to SLOW, or the boat could capsize. When operating in reverse, proceed with caution to avoid hitting any underwater THROTTLE GRIP type: SHA, SCHA, obstructions with the propeller. LCHA THROTTLE GRIP FRICTION KNOB THROTTLE GRIP SLOW 31
  34. 34. OPERATION STEERING STEERING FRICTION BOLT TO INCREASE FRICTION TO DECREASE FRICTION 2. To reverse direction, turn the Steer by moving the tiller handle Use the steering friction bolt to help outboard motor 180°, and then opposite the direction you want the hold a steady course while cruising. pivot the tiller handle as shown. boat to turn. For the throttle grip type, be Turn the bolt clockwise to increase careful not to hold and move the steering friction for holding a steady throttle grip when pivoting the course. tiller handle. Turn the bolt counterclockwise to decrease friction for easy turning. 32
  35. 35. OPERATION CRUISING Transom Angle Engine Speed Install the outboard motor at the best Excessive transom angle during transom angle for stable cruising and operation can cause propeller For best fuel economy, limit the maximum power. ventilation and overheating. throttle opening to 80%. Use the throttle friction control (p. 31 ) to Transom angle too large: Incorrect Transom Angle (Cruising) help you hold a steady speed. causes boat to ‘‘squat’’. For rough water conditions or large Transom angle too small: Incorrect O.K. waves, slow down to prevent the causes boat to ‘‘bow steer’’. propeller from rising out of the water. It is necessary to adjust the transom angle to compensate for changes in boat load, weight distribution, water conditions, or propeller selection. Under normal running conditions, the CORRECT boat will perform best when the GIVES MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE antiventilation plate is level with the water surface. When cruising into a high wind, lower the transom angle slightly to level the boat and improve stability. With a tail wind, raise the transom angle slightly. 33
  36. 36. OPERATION MOORING, BEACHING, 1. Stop the engine and turn the fuel LAUNCHING valve lever off. Do not use the tiller handle as a To raise the outboard motor out of 2. Close the fuel tank vent by turning lever to raise the outboard motor. the water while the boat is moored, or the vent knob clockwise. Applying excessive f orce to the for maximum clearance when tiller handle can damage it. beaching or launching, tilt the 3. With the motor in the forward outboard motor to the 75° position. position, tilt the outboard motor If the motor is tilted in the reverse using the front and rear carrying position, crankcase oil will enter Stop the engine before tilting the handles on the engine cover. The the cylinder and may cause outboard motor. The 75° position is spring-loaded tilt lever will dif f icult starting or may prevent not an operating position. automatically move into position the engine f rom being cranked. and hold the outboard motor when REAR CARRYING it reaches approximately 75°. HANDLE 4. Adjust the steering friction bolt to STEERING keep the motor from moving. FRICTION BOLT FRONT 75° CARRYING HANDLE 34
  37. 37. OPERATION TILT LEVER NO PULL 5. To return the outboard motor to the normal running position, hold To avoid damaging the motor, be the outboard motor by the front very caref ul when mooring a boat, carrying handle on the engine case especially when its motor is tilted up. and pull the tilt level toward you, Don’t allow the motor to strike then lower the outboard motor against the pier or other boats. slowly. 35
  38. 38. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR THE IMPORTANCE OF To help you properly care for your Remember that your authorized MAINTENANCE outboard motor, the following pages Honda marine dealer knows your include a maintenance schedule, outboard motor best and is fully Proper maintenance is essential for routine inspection procedures, and equipped to maintain and repair it. safe, economical, and trouble-free simple maintenance procedures using operation. It will also help reduce air basic hand tools. Other service tasks To ensure the best quality and pollution. that are more difficult, or require reliability, use only new, genuine special tools, are best handled by Honda parts or their equivalents for professionals and are normally repair and replacement. performed by a Honda technician or Improperly maintaining other qualified mechanic. Maintenance, replacement, or this outboard motor, or repair of the emission control failure to correct a problem The maintenance schedule applies to devices and systems may be before operation, can cause normal operating conditions. If you performed by any marine engine a malfunction in which you operate your outboard motor under repair establishment or individual, could be seriously hurt or unusual conditions, consult an using parts that are ‘‘certified’’ to killed. authorized Honda marine dealer for EPA standards. recommendations applicable to your Always follow the individual needs and use. inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual. 36
  39. 39. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR MAINTENANCE SAFETY Safety Precautions Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the Some of the most important safety Make sure the engine is off before tools and skills required. precautions follow. However, we you begin any maintenance or cannot warn you of every repairs. This will eliminate several To reduce the possibility of fire or conceivable hazard that can arise in potential hazards: explosion, be careful when performing maintenance. Only you working around gasoline. Use only can decide whether or not you should Carbon monoxide poisoning a nonflammable solvent, not perform a given task. from engine exhaust. gasoline, to clean parts. Keep Be sure there is adequate cigarettes, sparks, and flames away ventilation whenever you from all fuel-related parts. operate the engine. Failure to properly follow Wear gloves when handling the maintenance instructions Burns from hot parts. propeller to protect your hands and precautions can cause Let the engine and exhaust from sharp edges. you to be seriously hurt or system cool before touching. killed. Injury from moving parts. Always follow the Do not run the engine unless procedures and instructed to do so. precautions in the owner’s manual. 37
  40. 40. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR TOOL KIT AND EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE 8 10 mm WRENCH FLAT/PHILLIPS EMERGENCY STOP SCREWDRIVER SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE SPARK PLUG WRENCH PLIERS TOOL BAG The following tools are supplied with the outboard motor for simple maintenance procedures and SHEAR PINS emergency repairs. An emergency starter rope is also supplied. Keep these items on the boat, so they will always be available if you need them. If your tool kit needs replacement, it is not available as a kit and each item must be ordered individually. COTTER PINS 38
  41. 41. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Follow the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE table and service your outboard motor accordingly. Please note, a claim for warranty coverage will not be denied simply because the maintenance schedule for your outboard was not followed. However, any part(s) that fails specifically due to lack of maintenance, or improperly performed maintenance, would not be covered under the Distributor’s Limited Warranty. REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3) Perform at every indicated month or First month Every 6 months Every year operating hour interval, whichever Each use or or or comes first. 10 hrs. 50 hrs. 150 hrs. ITEM Engine oil Check level Change Gear case oil Change Starter rope Check Carburetor linkage Check-adjust (2) (2) Valve clearance Check-adjust (2) Spark plug Check-adjust Replace Every 200 hrs. Propeller and Cotter pin Check Anode Check Idle speed Check-adjust (2) (2) Clutch shoes and drum Replace (2) (With clutch type) (1) Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water. (2) These items should be serviced by an authorized Honda marine dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures. (3) For professional/commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals. 39
  42. 42. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3) Perform at every indicated month or First month Every 6 months Every year operating hour interval, whichever Each use or or or comes first. 10 hrs. 50 hrs. 150 hrs. ITEM Swivel case lining and Replace Every 3 years (2) bushing Water sealing Replace Every 3 years (2) Fuel line Check Replace Every 2 years (If necessary) (2) Bolts and nuts Check-tightness (2) (2) Lubrication Grease (1) (1) Fuel tank and tank filter Clean (2) Crankcase breather tube Check (2) (1) Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water. (2) These items should be serviced by an authorized Honda marine dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures. (3) For professional/commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals. 40
  43. 43. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR ENGINE COVER REMOVAL Engine Oil Level Check Engine Oil Change AND INSTALLATION ENGINE COVER Check the engine oil level with the An engine oil evacuation device may engine stopped and the outboard be used to remove the engine oil. motor in the vertical position. Drain the used oil while the engine is warm. Warm oil drains quickly and UPPER LIMIT completely. LOWER LIMIT 1. Move the fuel valve lever to the STRAP OFF position, and turn the fuel cap vent knob clockwise to close the OIL LEVEL fuel vent. INSPECTION WINDOW 2. Loosen the oil drain bolt, and turn The engine cover retaining strap the motor on its tiller handle side. fastens the engine cover to the 1. Check the oil level shown on the outboard motor. oil level inspection window. 3. Remove the oil drain bolt and washer to drain the oil. To remove the engine cover, unhook 2. If the oil level is near or below the the engine cover retaining strap, then lower limit mark on the window, UPPER LIMIT MARK LOWER LIMIT MARK lift the engine cover off the outboard fill with the recommended oil to motor. the upper limit mark on the window. To install the engine cover, place the OIL LEVEL cover on the outboard motor, then INSPECTION hook the engine cover retaining strap Running the engine with a low oil WINDOW securely. level can cause engine damage. OIL DRAIN BOLT 41
  44. 44. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Engine Oil Recommendations OIL FILLER CAP Improper disposal of engine oil Oil is a major factor affecting OIL FILLER HOLE can be harmf ul to the environment. performance and service life. Use If you change your own oil, please 4-stroke automotive detergent oil. dispose of the used oil properly. Put it in a sealed container, and SAE Viscosity Grade take it to a recycling center. Do not discard it in a trash bin, dump it on the ground or pour it down a drain. 6. Remove the oil filler cap and fill the crankcase with the AMBIENT TEMPERATURE 4. Stand the outboard motor in a recommended oil up to the upper vertical position, and install a new limit mark on the oil level washer and the oil drain bolt inspection window. SAE 10W-30 is recommended for securely. general use. Engine oil refill capacity: 5. Remove the engine cover. 0.26 US qt (0.25 ) The SAE oil viscosity and service classification are in the API label on the oil container. Honda recommends 7. Install the oil filler cap and tighten that you use API SERVICE category it securely. SG or later oil with the ‘‘starburst’’ certification mark displayed on the 8. Install the engine cover. container. 42
  45. 45. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Gear Oil Change 2. Allow the used oil to drain 3. Add oil through the oil drain hole completely, then install an oil until it flows out the oil level hole, Change the gear oil with the engine pump adapter in the oil drain hole. then install the oil level plug. stopped and the outboard motor in Remove the pump adapter and the vertical position. If water or contaminated (milky- install the oil drain plug. colored) oil flows out the drain hole when the plug is removed, GEAR OIL CAPACITY: GEAR OIL have the outboard motor checked 0.05 US qt (0.05 ) LEVEL PLUG by an authorized Honda marine dealer. Outboard motor SAE 90 hypoid gear oil API Service classification (GL-4 or GL-5) OIL LEVEL PLUG TORQUE: 2.5 lbf·ft (3.4 N·m , 0.35 kgf·m) GEAR OIL LEVEL DRAIN PLUG Avoid losing more than 1 fl oz (30 cm3) while reinstalling the drain 1. Place a suitable container below plug. the oil drain hole to catch the used GEAR OIL BOTTLE oil. Remove the oil drain plug and OIL DRAIN PLUG TORQUE: then remove the oil level plug. 2.5 lbf·ft (3.4 N·m , 0.35 kgf·m) 43
  46. 46. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Lubrication Points THROTTLE ARM THROTTLE ARM CHOKE ARM Apply marine waterproof grease to the following parts: Lubrication interval: 10 operating hours or one month after the date of purchase or initial use, then every 50 operating hours or 6 months. STEERING HANDLE To prevent corrosion, apply anticorrosion oil to pivot surf aces where grease cannot penetrate. TILT LEVER CLAMP SCREW SWIVEL CASE STEERING FRICTION BOLT TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING BOLT THRUST RECEIVER Apply Honda Marine Corrosion Inhibitor (or equivalent) to all areas under the engine cover and any exposed metal surfaces. 44
  47. 47. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Spark Plug Service SPARK PLUG WRENCH 0.024 0.028 in RECOMMENDED SPARK PLUG: (0.60 0.70 mm) CR4HSB (NGK) U14FSR-UB (DENSO) Incorrect spark plug can cause SEALING WASHER engine damage. 1. Remove the engine cover (p. 41 ). 2. Disconnect the spark plug cap from the spark plug. 4. Inspect the spark plug. Replace it 5. Measure the spark plug electrode 3. Remove the spark plug with a if the electrode is worn, or if the gap with a wire-type feeler gauge. spark plug wrench and screwdriver insulator is cracked or chipped. The gap should be 0.024 0.028 supplied in the tool kit. inches (0.60 0.70 mm). Correct the gap, if necessary, by bending the side electrode. 45
  48. 48. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR 6. Install the spark plug carefully, by hand, to avoid cross-threading. 7. After the spark plug seats, tighten with a spark plug wrench supplied in the tool kit to compress the sealing washer. If reinstalling the used spark plug, tighten 1/8 - 1/4 turn after the spark plug seats. If installing a new spark plug, tighten 1/2 turn after the spark plugs seat. A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine. Overtightening the spark plug can damage the threads in the cylinder head. 8. Attach the spark plug cap. 9. Install the engine cover. 46
  49. 49. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR REFUELING FUEL FILLER CAP VENT KNOB FUEL TANK CAPACITY: Gasoline is highly 0.26 US gal (1.0 ) flammable and explosive. With the engine stopped, turn the You can be burned or vent knob counterclockwise to open seriously injured when the fuel tank vent, then remove the handling fuel. fuel filler cap. MAXIMUM FUEL LEVEL Stop the engine and keep Refill the fuel tank if the fuel level is heat, sparks, and flame low. FUEL TANK away. Handle fuel only outdoors. Wipe up spills FUEL immediately. Never refill the fuel tank inside a Refuel in a well-ventilated area. Fill building where gasoline fumes may the tank to the maximum fuel level. reach flames or sparks. Keep gasoline away from appliance pilot After refueling, install the cap and lights, barbecues, electric appliances, tighten it securely. Turn the vent power tools, etc. knob clockwise to close the fuel tank vent. Spilled fuel is not only a fire hazard, it causes environmental damage. Wipe up spills immediately. 47
  50. 50. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS Use unleaded gasoline with a pump Running the engine with persistent octane rating of 86 or higher. spark knock or pinging can cause engine damage. This outboard motor is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline. Running the engine with persistent Unleaded gasoline produces fewer spark knock or pinging is misuse, engine and spark plug deposits and and the Distributor’s Limited extends exhaust system life. Warranty (p. 73 ) does not cover parts damaged by misuse. Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. For information regarding Avoid getting dirt or water in the fuel oxygenated fuels, please refer to tank. page 64 . Occasionally you may hear a light ‘‘spark knock’’ or ‘‘pinging’’ (metallic rapping noise) while operating under heavy loads. This is no cause for concern. If spark knock or pinging occurs at a steady engine speed, under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If spark knock or pinging persists, see an authorized Honda marine dealer. 48
  51. 51. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Recoil Starter Rope Inspection Anode Replacement RECOIL STARTER ROPE Short shaft type Long shaft type Painting or coating the anode will def eat its purpose and will lead to rust and corrosion damage to the outboard motor. The anode must be exposed to the water in order to protect the outboard motor. ANODE Inspect the recoil starter rope, and The anode is made of a sacrificial replace it if it becomes frayed. material that helps to protect the outboard motor from corrosion. Always keep the emergency starter rope on the boat in case the recoil Replace the anode when it has been starter rope fails. reduced to about half its original size, or if it is crumbling. 49
  52. 52. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Propeller Replacement Removal Installation Before replacing the propeller, COTTER PIN COTTER PIN remove the clip from the engine stop switch to prevent any possibility of the engine being started while you are working with the propeller. The propeller blades may have sharp edges, so wear heavy gloves to protect your hands. Operating the outboard motor at SHEAR PIN PROPELLER higher altitudes will reduce available power. This may require decreasing Remove the cotter pin, then remove Install the propeller in the reverse the propeller pitch to maintain correct the propeller and shear pin. order of removal. engine RPM. Use a genuine Honda stainless steel cotter pin and bend the pin ends as shown. A non-stainless steel cotter pin can deteriorate if used in saltwater. Spare shear pins and cotter pins are provided on the engine undercase (p. 38 ). 50
  53. 53. STORAGE STORAGE PREPARATION Fuel The length of time that gasoline can be left in your fuel tank and Proper storage preparation is carburetor without causing functional essential for keeping your outboard Depending on the region where you problems will vary with such factors motor trouble-free and looking good. operate your outboard, f uel as gasoline blend, your storage The following steps will help to keep f ormulations may deteriorate and temperatures, and whether the fuel rust and corrosion from impairing oxidize rapidly. Fuel deterioration tank is partially or completely filled. your outboard motor’s function and and oxidation can occur in as little The air in a partially filled fuel tank appearance, and will make the engine as 15 days and may cause damage to promotes fuel deterioration. Very easier to start when you use the the carburetors and f uel system. warm storage temperatures accelerate outboard motor again. Please check with your servicing fuel deterioration. Fuel deterioration dealer f or local storage problems may occur in less than 30 Cleaning recommendations. days, if the gasoline was not fresh when you filled the fuel tank. Thoroughly clean and flush the Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate outboard motor with fresh water after in storage. Old gasoline will cause The Distributor’s Limited Warranty operation in dirty water or salt water. hard starting, and it leaves gum does not cover fuel system damage deposits that clog the fuel system. If or engine performance problems Wash the outside of the outboard the gasoline in your fuel tank and resulting from neglected storage motor with clean, fresh water to carburetor deteriorates during storage, preparation. remove mud, salt, seaweed, etc. you may need to have the carburetor and other fuel system components You can extend fuel storage life by Touch up any damaged paint, and serviced or replaced. adding a gasoline stabilizer that is coat areas that may rust with Honda formulated for that purpose, or you Corrosion Inhibitor, or equivalent. can avoid fuel deterioration problems Lubricate controls with a silicone by draining all the fuel from the fuel spray lubricant. tank and carburetor. 51
  54. 54. STORAGE Adding a Fuel Stabilizer Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor When adding a fuel stabilizer, fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. If only You can avoid fuel deterioration partially filled, air in the tank will problems by draining the fuel tank promote fuel deterioration during and carburetors. storage. If you keep a container of gasoline for refueling, be sure that it 1. With the outboard motor in a contains only fresh gasoline. ANTIVENTILATION PLATE vertical position, place an Place a container under the approved gasoline container below 1. Add fuel stabilizer following the outboard motor, and fill it with the fuel drain outlet, and use a manufacturer’s instructions. clean, fresh water. The water level funnel to avoid spilling fuel. must be at least 6 inches above the 2. After adding a fuel stabilizer, run antiventilation plate. the engine outdoors for 10 minutes to be sure that the treated gasoline Gasoline is highly has replaced the untreated gasoline Running the engine without water flammable and explosive. in the carburetor. can cause overheating and You can be burned or damage. seriously injured when Starting the engine on land: handling fuel. For safety, remove the propeller from Damage caused by running the Stop the engine and keep the outboard motor (p. 50 ). outboard motor without water is not heat, sparks, and flame covered by the Distributor’s Limited away. Warranty. Handle fuel only outdoors. 3. Turn the engine OFF, turn the fuel Wipe up spills valve lever OFF (p.13), and close immediately. the fuel cap vent knob (p.29). 52
  55. 55. STORAGE 2. With the engine stopped, turn the Engine Oil To carry the outboard motor, hold it fuel cap vent knob by the carrying handle, as shown. counterclockwise to open the fuel 1. Change the engine oil (p. 41 vent, then and remove the fuel 42 ). filler cap. 2. Remove the spark plug (p. 45 ), Lif ting the outboard motor by the and remove the clip from the engine cover, or using the installed 3. Loosen the carburetor drain screw engine stop switch. outboard motor as a handle or lever and move the fuel valve lever to 3. Pour a tablespoon (5 10 cm3) of to move the boat, can damage the the ON position to drain the clean engine oil into the cylinder. outboard motor. carburetor and the fuel tank into an 4. Pull the starter rope several times approved gasoline container. to distribute the oil in the cylinder. If your fuel tank contains gasoline, 5. Reinstall the spark plug (p. 46 ). store it away from any appliance that DRAIN SCREW operates with a flame, such as a STORAGE PRECAUTIONS furnace, water heater, or clothes Select a well-ventilated storage area. dryer. Also avoid any area with a If possible, avoid storage areas with spark-producing electric motor, or high humidity. where power tools are operated. Store the outboard motor either vertically or horizontally with the 4. After draining is completed, tiller handle side up. tighten the carburetor drain screw and turn the fuel valve to the OFF position. 5. Install the fuel filler cap and turn the fuel filler cap vent knob clockwise to close the fuel vent. 53
  56. 56. STORAGE INCORRECT Cover the outboard motor to keep out CORRECT dust. Do not use sheet plastic as a dust cover. A nonporous cover will trap moisture, promoting rust and corrosion. REMOVAL FROM STORAGE Check your outboard motor as described in the BEFORE OPERATION chapter of this manual. CASE PROTECTOR If the cylinder was coated with oil during storage preparation, the If storing horizontally, be sure to fold engine may smoke briefly at startup. the tiller handle, and rest the This is normal. outboard motor on its case protectors. Any other horizontal storage position may cause damage or oil leakage. 54
  57. 57. TRANSPORTING WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLED ON BOAT REMOVED FROM BOAT Lif ting the outboard motor by the When trailering a boat with the Remove the outboard motor from the engine cover, or using the outboard motor attached, leave the boat and secure the outboard motor installed outboard motor as a engine in the normal running position, in either the vertical or horizontal handle or lever to move the boat, if possible, and tighten the steering position shown on p. 54 . can damage the outboard motor. friction bolt securely (p. 32 ). If there is insufficient road clearance in the normal running position, then tilt the outboard motor and use a motor support bar, or remove the outboard motor from the boat. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for using a motor support bar. To carry, hold the outboard motor by the carrying handle, as shown. MOTOR SUPPORT BAR (commercially available) 55
  58. 58. TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ENGINE WILL NOT START Possible Cause Correction 1. Check emergency stop switch Clip not inserted in stop switch. Insert clip in stop switch. clip. 2. Check control positions. Choke knob in OFF position. Pull choke knob to ON position, unless engine is warm (p. 11 ). Throttle lever or grip not in Turn throttle lever or grip to START position. START position (p. 24 ). 56
  59. 59. TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ENGINE WILL NOT START Possible Cause Correction (continued) 3. Check fuel. Out of fuel. Refuel (p. 47 ). Fuel vent closed. Open fuel tank vent (p. 15 ). Fuel valve lever in the OFF Move the fuel valve lever to the position. ON position (p. 13 ). Bad fuel; boat stored without Drain fuel tank and carburetor treating or draining gasoline, or (p. 52 ). Refill with fresh refueled with bad gasoline. gasoline (p. 47 ). 4. Remove and inspect spark plug. Spark plug faulty, fouled or Gap or replace spark plug (p. 45 ). improperly gapped. Spark plug wet with fuel (flooded Dry and reinstall spark plug. Start engine). engine with choke and throttle open. 5. Take outboard motor to an Carburetor malfunction, ignition Replace or repair faulty authorized Honda marine dealer, malfunction, stuck valves, etc. components as necessary. or refer to the shop manual. 57

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