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The Federalist Era and Washington's Presidency AP U.S. History Unit 2
New Executive Order <ul><li>Washington elected first president, Adams as vice-president. </li></ul><ul><li>The judiciary A...
Washington's Administration <ul><li>Hamilton's Financial Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Report on the public credit” </li...
Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Western farmers refused to pay the excise tax on whiskey-part of Hamilton's plan </li></ul><ul><...
Appearance of Political Parties <ul><li>Federalists and Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mentioned in the Constitutio...
Sources of support <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support from businesses and financial groups </li></ul></ul><...
Foreign Affairs <ul><li>French Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proclamation of Neutrality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citi...
Jay's Treaty <ul><li>Jay negotiated a treaty with the British which attempted to settle the conflict at sea, as well as to...
Treaty with Spain <ul><li>Thomas Pinckney brought to Spain to strengthen what the Spanish thought was their deteriorating ...
Frontier Problems <ul><li>Native tribes were increasingly resisting encroachments on their lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Britis...
Farewell Address <ul><li>Washington only served two terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wa...
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Washington

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Washington

  1. 1. The Federalist Era and Washington's Presidency AP U.S. History Unit 2
  2. 2. New Executive Order <ul><li>Washington elected first president, Adams as vice-president. </li></ul><ul><li>The judiciary Act of 1789 created the Supreme Court with 6 justices, and gave it the power to rule on the constitutional validity of laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Three departments were created: state, treasury, and war (Jefferson, Hamilton, Knox)-became known as cabinet. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Washington's Administration <ul><li>Hamilton's Financial Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Report on the public credit” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding of the national debt, state debts, and the establishment of a national bank </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Report on Manufactures” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federal stimulation of industrial development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax money to come from excise tax on distillers and tariffs on imports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson opposed this plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit speculators-original purchasers should share wealth benefits as well. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed the taxes would hurt the farmers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Western farmers refused to pay the excise tax on whiskey-part of Hamilton's plan </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers terrorized tax collectors </li></ul><ul><li>President Washington sent out a federalized militia force to prove the strength and credibility of the young government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebellion dissolved </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Appearance of Political Parties <ul><li>Federalists and Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mentioned in the Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamilton and the Federalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Favored strong central government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implied powers (broad interpretation) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson and the Republicans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strict interpretation of rights and powers granted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opposed the national bank </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sources of support <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support from businesses and financial groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Northeast and port cities of the South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support from rural and frontier areas of the South and West </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Foreign Affairs <ul><li>French Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proclamation of Neutrality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen Genet violated this by trying to encourage Americans to support France. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American merchants traded with both sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brought retaliation from the British </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Began to seize American merchant ships and force their crews into service with the British navy (impressment) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Jay's Treaty <ul><li>Jay negotiated a treaty with the British which attempted to settle the conflict at sea, as well as to curtail English agitation of their Indian allies on the western borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Jay was criticized for his efforts, but the Senate accepted it anyway. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Treaty with Spain <ul><li>Thomas Pinckney brought to Spain to strengthen what the Spanish thought was their deteriorating position on the American frontier. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish opened the Mississippi River to American traffic, including New Orleans, and recognized the 31 st parallel as the northern boundary of Florida. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Frontier Problems <ul><li>Native tribes were increasingly resisting encroachments on their lands. </li></ul><ul><li>British authorities were encouraging Indians to go against frontier settlers. </li></ul><ul><li>General Wayne defeated Native tribes at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Greenville </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared the Ohio territory of Indian tribes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Farewell Address <ul><li>Washington only served two terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Warned against alliances with foreign nations </li></ul><ul><li>Warned against political parties </li></ul>

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