Slavery And The South

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Slavery And The South

  1. 1. Slavery and the South AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Institution <ul><li>Seen as a necessity to Southerners </li></ul><ul><li>Labor varied depending on the region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang system for large plantations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urban slavery decreased during 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Slave Trade-movement from old south to the southwest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families split </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importation illegal-internal trade =$ </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Slaves' Reaction to Slavery <ul><li>Suffered from repression and deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Slave codes unevenly applied </li></ul><ul><li>Many refused to work hard, or found ways to sabotage work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Br'er Rabbit tales (ridicule toward masters) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violent uprisings were not uncommon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nat Turner revolt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimate rebellion was to leave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underground railroad-Harriet Tubman </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Role of Women <ul><li>Southern women were different from their Northern counterparts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle class women involved in agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy served as child-bearing ornaments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constant battle with half-breed children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education only available in domestic arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public schools were inferior </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Southern Response to Anti-Slavery <ul><li>Defensive towards abolition movement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bible used to justify slavery (inferior race) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Closed society to Northern influence </li></ul><ul><li>“ gag rule”- forbade any discussion on the questions of slavery on the floor of the House. </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun's theory of “concurrent majority”-dual presidency </li></ul>

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