The American Revolution <ul><ul><li>AP U.S. History </li></ul></ul>
Bunker Hill <ul><li>British Generals arrive in America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Howe, Clinton, Burgoyne-want aggressive actio...
Fort Ticonderoga <ul><li>American forces led by Ethan Allen and Bendict Arnold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took Fort on Lake Cha...
Second Continental Congress <ul><li>May 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Congress divided </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Englanders wante...
Common Sense? <ul><li>Thomas Paine published a pamphlet calling for immediate independence.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Declara...
British Strategy <ul><li>The British Army was being supplemented with German Hessians </li></ul><ul><li>Move slowly and pr...
Washington Takes Command <ul><li>Defeated in early battles because army was under-trained, under-equipped, and badly outnu...
French involvement <ul><li>France began making covert shipments of arms to the Americans </li></ul><ul><li>They hated Brit...
Valley Forge <ul><li>Howe settled in to Philadelphia for the winter after defeating Washington's armies </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Struggles <ul><li>Cornwallis will continue the campaign in the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys General Horatio Gates ...
Yorktown <ul><li>Washington sends Nathaniel Greene to defeat the British </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis is given orders to t...
Treaty of Paris of 1783 <ul><li>France and Spain delayed the agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning to achieve an agree...
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American Revolution

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American Revolution

  1. 1. The American Revolution <ul><ul><li>AP U.S. History </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Bunker Hill <ul><li>British Generals arrive in America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Howe, Clinton, Burgoyne-want aggressive action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The British wanted to gain the territory of Breed's Hill (part of Bunker Hill which was heavily fortified) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodiest Battle of the war-British gained little ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 17, 1775 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Fort Ticonderoga <ul><li>American forces led by Ethan Allen and Bendict Arnold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took Fort on Lake Champlain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans hoped that Canada would join in the resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacked Quebec and failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American hopes for Canada end here </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Second Continental Congress <ul><li>May 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Congress divided </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Englanders wanted independence from Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Colonies were not ready to go that far </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decided to make army in Boston the main source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent troops from other colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent George Washington to command them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adopted the Olive Branch Petition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleaded with King George III to restore peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament passed Prohibitory Act-full scale war </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Common Sense? <ul><li>Thomas Paine published a pamphlet calling for immediate independence. </li></ul><ul><li>The Declaration of Independence was a formal announcement of separation and reiterated the reasons for leaving Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted on July 4, 1776 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. British Strategy <ul><li>The British Army was being supplemented with German Hessians </li></ul><ul><li>Move slowly and prove greater power </li></ul><ul><li>Find loyalists </li></ul><ul><li>Force colonists to sign loyalty petitions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Washington Takes Command <ul><li>Defeated in early battles because army was under-trained, under-equipped, and badly outnumbered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Howe decided to finish off American army in the Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington took advantage of this and crossed the Delaware River and attacked the Hessians at Trenton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His army was becoming demoralized and had many deserters-bold move! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington then defeated a British force at Princeton (1777) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. French involvement <ul><li>France began making covert shipments of arms to the Americans </li></ul><ul><li>They hated Britain and saw the war as a way to weaken Britain by depriving it of its colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They did NOT believe in Freedom! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This was vital to the Americans! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Valley Forge <ul><li>Howe settled in to Philadelphia for the winter after defeating Washington's armies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington retreated to Valley Forge for the winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely cold, uncomfortable, starvation, desertion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baron von Steuben drilled the American soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepared them for the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey and almost defeated the British led by Clinton </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>June 1778 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Struggles <ul><li>Cornwallis will continue the campaign in the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys General Horatio Gates army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benedict Arnold goes over the the British </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis will move north without securing South Carolina </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once the British left, patriots took over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Francis Marion (Swamp Fox) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>British ships preyed on by privateers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Paul Jones led raids </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Yorktown <ul><li>Washington sends Nathaniel Greene to defeat the British </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis is given orders to take up defense position, and settles on a peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>With the help of a French fleet, Washington defeated Cornwallis and he surrendered on Oct. 17, 1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Brought the collapse of Lord North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace negotiations opened </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Treaty of Paris of 1783 <ul><li>France and Spain delayed the agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning to achieve an agreement unfavorable to the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. will set up separate agreement with British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Terms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. was recognized as an independent nation by Europe and Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western boundary was at the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern boundary was Florida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain retained Canada but surrendered Florida to Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private British creditors could collect debts owed by Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States to restore confiscated loyalist property </li></ul></ul>

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