Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Politics And Developments Of Industry


Published on

Published in: Education, Career
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Politics And Developments Of Industry

  1. 1. Politics and Developments during the Industrial period AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Election of 1888 <ul><li>D Grover Cleveland won popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>R Benjamin Harrison won electoral votes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaigned to protect American industrial interests with high protective tariffs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans won control of House and Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National politics became more controversial and turbulent in this era. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bills and Acts <ul><li>Force Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept Congress from protecting Black voters in the South. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Pensions Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress granted service pensions to Union veterans and their dependents. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monopolies were subject to prosecution if found to be corrupt and restrict trade. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sherman Silver Purchase Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress to produce notes backed by Gold and Silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created inflation and lowered gold reserves. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Economic policies <ul><li>McKinley Tariff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective tariff-William McKinley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended to industrial and agricultural goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to prices increases and backlash from Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Billion Dollar Budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depleted treasury surplus for state tax refunds, infrastructure improvements, Navy modernization, and pension payments. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Economic Depression and Social Crisis <ul><li>1893-panic-groups call for economic safeguards to be provided by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1892 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grover Cleveland regains the White House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Populist Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People's Party nominated James Weaver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for agrarian issues, coinage of silver, loans to farmers, graduated income tax, public ownership of railroads, 8-hour work day, direct election of senators, secret ballot...just to name a few! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Economy 1892-1897 <ul><li>1890's were a period of economic depression and labor agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Strike (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron and steel workers went on strike against Carnegie Steel. Management/labor warfare led to deaths. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Depression of 1893 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic growth of the federal deficit, withdrawal of British investments, outward transfer of gold (loss of business confidence). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Depression Continues! <ul><li>March of Unemployed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reached 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populist businessman Jacob Coxley led a march on Washington asking for a government relief work program. Government arrested leaders. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pullman Strike </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eugene V. Debs led the American Railway Union over wage cuts and job losses. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big business was pushing to extend overseas trade promotion and production (create jobs) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Literature <ul><li>Depression and war dominated the literature of the period. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen Crane- Red Badge of Courage, and Maggie, A Girl of the Streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward Bellamy- Looking Backward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presented a science fiction look into a prosperous, but regimented future. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European realism-Tolstoy, Zola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology-William James' Principles of Psychology </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Social Developments <ul><li>Prohibition of Alcohol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Saloon League-1893 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hull House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbied against sweatshop labor conditions and wanted to ban child labor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio and Film </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison's kinetoscope permitted the viewing of motion pictures in 1893. </li></ul></ul>