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Politics And Developments Of Industry

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Politics And Developments Of Industry

  1. 1. Politics and Developments during the Industrial period AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Election of 1888 <ul><li>D Grover Cleveland won popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>R Benjamin Harrison won electoral votes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaigned to protect American industrial interests with high protective tariffs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans won control of House and Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National politics became more controversial and turbulent in this era. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bills and Acts <ul><li>Force Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept Congress from protecting Black voters in the South. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Pensions Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress granted service pensions to Union veterans and their dependents. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monopolies were subject to prosecution if found to be corrupt and restrict trade. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sherman Silver Purchase Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress to produce notes backed by Gold and Silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created inflation and lowered gold reserves. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Economic policies <ul><li>McKinley Tariff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective tariff-William McKinley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended to industrial and agricultural goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to prices increases and backlash from Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Billion Dollar Budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depleted treasury surplus for state tax refunds, infrastructure improvements, Navy modernization, and pension payments. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Economic Depression and Social Crisis <ul><li>1893-panic-groups call for economic safeguards to be provided by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1892 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grover Cleveland regains the White House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Populist Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People's Party nominated James Weaver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for agrarian issues, coinage of silver, loans to farmers, graduated income tax, public ownership of railroads, 8-hour work day, direct election of senators, secret ballot...just to name a few! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Economy 1892-1897 <ul><li>1890's were a period of economic depression and labor agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Strike (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron and steel workers went on strike against Carnegie Steel. Management/labor warfare led to deaths. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Depression of 1893 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic growth of the federal deficit, withdrawal of British investments, outward transfer of gold (loss of business confidence). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Depression Continues! <ul><li>March of Unemployed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reached 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populist businessman Jacob Coxley led a march on Washington asking for a government relief work program. Government arrested leaders. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pullman Strike </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eugene V. Debs led the American Railway Union over wage cuts and job losses. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big business was pushing to extend overseas trade promotion and production (create jobs) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Literature <ul><li>Depression and war dominated the literature of the period. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen Crane- Red Badge of Courage, and Maggie, A Girl of the Streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward Bellamy- Looking Backward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presented a science fiction look into a prosperous, but regimented future. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European realism-Tolstoy, Zola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology-William James' Principles of Psychology </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Social Developments <ul><li>Prohibition of Alcohol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Saloon League-1893 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hull House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbied against sweatshop labor conditions and wanted to ban child labor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio and Film </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison's kinetoscope permitted the viewing of motion pictures in 1893. </li></ul></ul>

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