Early Religions[1]

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Early Religions[1]

  1. 1. AP U.S. History Unit 1 <ul><li>Religious Movements in the Early Colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Please click on the following audio file to begin the lesson. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You will be prompted to click at the end of each slide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This lesson is designed to introduce you to the many religious and social movements that impacted early American society. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Religious Movements in the Early Colonies <ul><li>AP U.S. History-Learning Targets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious influences on early American development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrims </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enlightenment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Awakening </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Pilgrims <ul><li>Separatists-believed the Church was beyond saving. </li></ul><ul><li>1620-Led by William Bradford </li></ul><ul><li>Escape religious persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Mayflower Compact-orderly government </li></ul>
  4. 4. Puritan Society and Religion <ul><li>Founded by John Winthrop </li></ul><ul><li>Williams and Hutchinson </li></ul><ul><li>Society was patriarchal </li></ul><ul><li>Educated society-reading the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Very strict religious beliefs-politics and social behavior. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Half-Way Covenant <ul><li>End of 16 th century-many Puritans fearing that New England was drifting from its religious purpose. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Younger generations cared more for money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covenant provided a half-way church membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep some church membership </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Salem Witch Trials <ul><li>Young girls claimed to be tortured by “witches” </li></ul><ul><li>20 people were executed </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton Mather and other Puritan leaders stepped in to control religious fervor. </li></ul><ul><li>Please use the following website (movie) to better understand how the witch hunts began. http://school. discoveryeducation .com/ schooladventures / salemwitchtrials /story/story.html </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Quakers <ul><li>Pennsylvania founded as refuge. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed all persons had an “inner light.” </li></ul><ul><li>Little importance on the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by William Penn. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Americans began to become influenced by European ways of thought, culture, and society. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea of rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke-natural laws to the rights of life, liberty, and property. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments that abuse these rights may be overthrown. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Great Awakening <ul><li>Impacted common people </li></ul><ul><li>Religious revivals from 1720-1740 </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Edwards- “Sinner in the Hands of an Angry God.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proclaimed a message of personal repentance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Old Lights vs. New Lights </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assignment <ul><li>The following assignment should reflect knowledge of the different religious movements that impacted early American society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a list or chart comparing and contrasting the religious settlements and ideas. Refer to the following topics in your chart: Reasons for leaving England, religious principles, relationship with Native Americans and other colonies, changes or concerns for building a religious society, and methods for forming a colonial government. </li></ul></ul>

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