Civil War

798 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
798
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Civil War

  1. 1. Civil War AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Democrats split </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas-ps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breckinridge-federal slave code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire-eaters-Yancey-slavery in territories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Union Party-Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed over radical William Seward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominated Abraham Lincoln </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nation Divided </li></ul>
  3. 3. Secession Crisis <ul><li>Lincoln had no intention of “disturbing” slavery. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners distrusted-raids, pride injured </li></ul></ul><ul><li>December 20, 1860 SC left the Union </li></ul><ul><li>Feb. 1, 1860 six more followed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AL, GA, FL, MS, LA, TX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederate States of America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis as President </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Constitution of Confederate States <ul><li>Slavery was recognized-right to move slaves guaranteed </li></ul><ul><li>No protective Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>President non-renewable 6 year term </li></ul><ul><li>President given right to veto </li></ul><ul><li>State sovereignty recognized </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mixed Feelings <ul><li>Greeley, Buchanan- “let erring sisters go in peace.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconstitutional but unconstitutional?! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crittenden-Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln-stand firm for no further spread of slavery </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hostilities Begin <ul><li>Lincoln sent supplies to Ft. Sumter </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners attack Fort-April 12, 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln declares 75,000 volunteers to end insurrection </li></ul><ul><li>VA, TN, NC, AK declare secession in response </li></ul><ul><li>Wavering of remaining states-KY, DE, MA, MS </li></ul>
  7. 7. Advantages of North <ul><li>Financial Wealth-finance war </li></ul><ul><li>Superior Industry-supplies </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 1 manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants-anti-slave </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Navy-blockade the South </li></ul><ul><li>Superior system of railroads </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advantages of South <ul><li>Vast in size-difficult to conquer </li></ul><ul><li>Only had to resist being conquered </li></ul><ul><li>Troops fighting on own ground-familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting on the defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Highly qualified senior officers of the U.S. Army </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis-military experience </li></ul>
  9. 9. Strategies <ul><li>On to... “Richmond...” “Washington...” </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Bull Run </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated unpreparedness and inexperience of both sides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anaconda Plan-Winfield Scott </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squeeze life out of Confederacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naval blockade-paper blockade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take MS river </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait for pro-unioners-disliked by Lincoln </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Leaders <ul><li>General George McClellan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army of the Potomac-cautious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li>General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Ulysses S. Grant-fame in TN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiloh-control MS River </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Strategies Cont. <ul><li>Britain and France remained out of war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern diplomacy-Trent Incident </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ironclad ships-Merrimac vs. Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Union Homefront Morale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morrill Land Grant Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscription-disliked by Northern working class-led to riots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Morale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States rights against conscription </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rich man's war and a poor man's fight” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scare food and high prices </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Financing the War <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High tariffs, income tax, greenbacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unbacked paper fiat currency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Banking Act-credit expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worthless paper money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some loans, taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confiscation of goods </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Violations? <ul><li>Lincoln suspended habeas corpus against will of Taney in ex Parte Merryman. </li></ul><ul><li>Copperheads-against war-subject to arrest and/or deportation </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Congress called Davis a “tyrant.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>Lincoln under pressure from radicals and foreign powers to end slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Freed slaves in all states of rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jan. 1, 1863 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Battle of Antietam prompted this </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern victory-did not want desperation </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Battles <ul><li>Antietam/Sharpsburg </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg-Meade-bloodiest of entire war-3 days </li></ul><ul><li>Vicksburg-took Miss. River-Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Chattanooga </li></ul><ul><li>Burning of the South-Sherman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took many Southern cities (Hood) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Election of 1864 <ul><li>War weary country! </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans-Lincoln and Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats-McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman took Atlanta=victory for Lincoln </li></ul>
  17. 17. The End! <ul><li>Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865 in Appomattox, VA </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln shot on April 14, 1865 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul>

×