Adams Administration

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Adams Administration

  1. 1. John Adams' Administration 1797-1801 AP U.S. History Unit 2
  2. 2. Election of 1796 <ul><li>John Adams-Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson-Vice President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very frustrating and unproductive term in office. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XYZ Affair </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 men sent to France to persuade the French to stop harassing American shipping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solicited for a bribe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minister Talleyrand's officials demanded the bribe-unnamed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Quasi-War 1798-99 <ul><li>This uproar moved Adams to suspend all trade with the French. </li></ul><ul><li>American ship captains were authorized to attack and capture armed French vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Department of the Navy created. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1800, the new government under Napoleon signed a new treaty and the peace was restored. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alien and Sedition Acts <ul><li>Federalists' used their majority to mandate legislation to stifle foreign influences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alien Act- deferred immigrants trying to obtain citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedition Act- hamper newspaper critics-gave power to the Adams administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed at Republican opposition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Editors were actually jailed for printing critical editorials. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Acts Continued <ul><li>Alien Enemies Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allowed the wartime arrest, imprisonment and deportation of any alien subject to an enemy status. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naturalization Acts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increased the amount of time necessary for immigrants to become naturalized citizens in the United States from five to fourteen years </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Kentucky and Virginia Resolves <ul><li>Republicans convinced that Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process yet undefined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proposed that the “compact theory” by Locke be applied, which would empower the state bodies to “nullify” federal laws within those states. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only adopted by Kentucky and Virginia-died </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sets standard for future cases of states rights. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rebellions <ul><li>Gabriel's Rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First slave revolt in the new nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspired by revolts in Haiti </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fries Rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolt over the taxation of property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not based on population-deemed unfair </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Election of 1800 <ul><li>Republican ticket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson and Burr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federalist ticket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adams and Pinckney </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All ran for the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson and Burr received the same number of electoral votes, so the election when to the House of Representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton threw support to Jefferson-Burr took vice-presidency </li></ul>
  9. 9. Packing the Judiciary <ul><li>Judiciary Act 1801 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adams filled the newly created vacancies with party supporters, many of them with last-minute commissions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called “midnight appointments” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guaranteed a continuation of Federalist policies. </li></ul></ul></ul>

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