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  1. 1. EphEsusEphEsus An AnciEnt cityAn AnciEnt city pArt iiipArt iii
  2. 2. DrAinAgEDrAinAgE  Drainage system usedDrainage system used by the Ephesians. Itby the Ephesians. It begins to make onebegins to make one wonder just how hardwonder just how hard their lives truly were.their lives truly were.
  3. 3. thEAtrEthEAtrE  City council theatreCity council theatre  Wealthy patrons wouldWealthy patrons would gather here to discussgather here to discuss politics and governmentpolitics and government
  4. 4. ExcAvAtions continuEExcAvAtions continuE  Here is a hill withHere is a hill with things poking out but itthings poking out but it has yet to behas yet to be uncovered.uncovered.  ArchaeologistsArchaeologists estimate only 50% ofestimate only 50% of Ephesus has beenEphesus has been excavated.excavated.
  5. 5. ExcAvAtionsExcAvAtions  The wealthy homes areThe wealthy homes are still being excavated.still being excavated.  The pictures here areThe pictures here are from four years offrom four years of work.work.
  6. 6. LibraryLibrary  Built by the RomanBuilt by the Roman emperor Celsiusemperor Celsius  There were 3 floorsThere were 3 floors even though the fronteven though the front made it look like 2made it look like 2  It held 12000 booksIt held 12000 books and scrolls alland scrolls all destroyed by firedestroyed by fire
  7. 7. LibraryLibrary  There were statues inThere were statues in each little box thingeach little box thing  You can see the onesYou can see the ones on the bottom, they areon the bottom, they are wisdom, knowledge,wisdom, knowledge, justice, and virtue.justice, and virtue.  To the right you canTo the right you can see the entry to thesee the entry to the Agora (market)Agora (market)
  8. 8. LibraryLibrary  A close up of St.A close up of St. Sofia, one of theSofia, one of the statuesstatues  You can see the 5You can see the 5 letters at the bottomletters at the bottom spelling “spelling “ΣΟΦΙΑΣΟΦΙΑ”” (Sofia)(Sofia)  Represents wisdomRepresents wisdom
  9. 9. LibraryLibrary
  10. 10. LibraryLibrary  Had a secret tunnel toHad a secret tunnel to the brothelthe brothel  Rumor has it that menRumor has it that men would tell their wiveswould tell their wives they were going to thethey were going to the library and then…library and then…
  11. 11. DeathDeath  Bodies of the richBodies of the rich were buried inwere buried in sarcophogisarcophogi  Sarcophogus meansSarcophogus means “flesh eating box”“flesh eating box” because the bodybecause the body would disappearwould disappear leaving only the bonesleaving only the bones after awhile.after awhile.  Smaller sarcophogiSmaller sarcophogi held ashes of crematedheld ashes of cremated remains rather thanremains rather than smaller bodiessmaller bodies
  12. 12. LatrinesLatrines  Built around emperorBuilt around emperor Hadrian’s time andHadrian’s time and looked similar to thelooked similar to the ones at Hadrian's wallones at Hadrian's wall  In public toiletsIn public toilets everyone sat next toeveryone sat next to each other to use theeach other to use the toilettoilet
  13. 13. Latrines at haDrian’sLatrines at haDrian’s WaLLWaLL  Seats around the outsideSeats around the outside  Had a small aquaductHad a small aquaduct flowing around in front offlowing around in front of the seats, then into thethe seats, then into the start of the latrine line’sstart of the latrine line’s flusher, functioning as a sinkflusher, functioning as a sink  People used a sponge toPeople used a sponge to wipe themselveswipe themselves
  14. 14. st. John’s ChurChst. John’s ChurCh  The burial place of St.The burial place of St. John, one of theJohn, one of the apostles from theapostles from the Bible.Bible.  He spreadHe spread Christianity toChristianity to Ephesus at a timeEphesus at a time when the goddesswhen the goddess Artemis was muchArtemis was much revered.revered.
  15. 15. st. John’s ChurChst. John’s ChurCh  It is thought that JohnIt is thought that John brought Mary, the motherbrought Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ to liveof Jesus Christ to live here at Ephesus afterhere at Ephesus after Christ was crucified.Christ was crucified.  Ephesus had JewishEphesus had Jewish people living there too butpeople living there too but the Christians had athe Christians had a harder time because theyharder time because they kept trying to convert thekept trying to convert the Ephesians.Ephesians.
  16. 16. Temple of ArTemisTemple of ArTemis  One of the seven wondersOne of the seven wonders of the ancient world.of the ancient world.  Located a few kilometresLocated a few kilometres from Ephesus because itfrom Ephesus because it was built near the first citywas built near the first city and later the city wasand later the city was movedmoved  Very little remains becauseVery little remains because people took the pieces topeople took the pieces to build other things.build other things.
  17. 17. Temple of ArTemisTemple of ArTemis  Almost three times theAlmost three times the size of the Parthenonsize of the Parthenon  Supported by 127Supported by 127 columnscolumns  Artemis was theArtemis was the patron goddess ofpatron goddess of EphesusEphesus  Built on a bog toBuilt on a bog to protect it fromprotect it from earthquakesearthquakes
  18. 18. The EndThe End I hope you enjoyed it !I hope you enjoyed it ! Please comment!Please comment! Edited by Holly LloydEdited by Holly Lloyd Designed by Julia LloydDesigned by Julia Lloyd Information by Rhys LloydInformation by Rhys Lloyd Julia LloydJulia Lloyd Tom LloydTom Lloyd Holly LloydHolly Lloyd