UNESCO and Heritage Site Protection in China

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UNESCO and Heritage Site Protection in China

  1. 1. UNESCO and Heritage Site Protection in China Lam Hoi Yan 08034818 Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493
  2. 2. Introduction • UNESCO = • since 1945 • aim of establishment: peace • initiated by European power • objective: « to create the conditions for dialogue among civilizations, cultures and peoples, based upon respect for commonly shared values” Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493
  3. 3. UNESCO's World Heritage List • sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity • Today: 911 sites (704 cultural, 104 natural, 27 mixed) in 151 state parties Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493 What does it mean being in the list?
  4. 4. Heritage protection – a new, but fast-growing field for China • joined UNESCO in 1946 • 1982: 1st law of heritage protection « the Law of the PRC on the Protection of Cultural Relics » • increasing legal protection • more special funds: 129 million rmb in 1994  534 million rmb in 2005 Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493
  5. 5. China & UNESCO • 1985: ratified the International Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of UNESCO • Today: 40 sites subscribed in UNESCO's World Heritages List • Rank 3rd after Italy & Spain • 53 sites on the tentative list The Great Wall, Beijing (1987) Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493
  6. 6. The Potala Palace, Tibet (1994) Fujian Tulou, Fujian (2008) The Forbidden City, Beijing (1987) The Temple of Heaven, Beijing (1998) Yuen Yuk Ting 07013493
  7. 7. The influence of UNESCO-China interaction on heritage site protection Positive  Greater effort of Chinese government in protecting heritage sites • e.g. The 3rd Country-wide Survey of Heritage Sites Lam Hoi Yan 08034818
  8. 8.  World attention to Chinese heritage sites • World Heritage being world-famous tourist spots • e.g. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties The influence of UNESCO-China interaction on heritage site protection Lam Hoi Yan 08034818
  9. 9. Negative  Large expenditure for nomination • China Danxia The influence of UNESCO-China interaction on heritage site protection Lam Hoi Yan 08034818 More than one billion
  10. 10.  Commercialization of the heritage sites • Summer Palace The influence of UNESCO-China interaction on heritage site protection Lam Hoi Yan 08034818 UNESCO Yellow Card
  11. 11. • Old Town of Lijiang The influence of UNESCO-China interaction on heritage site protection Lam Hoi Yan 08034818 UNESCO Yellow Card
  12. 12. Conclusion Lam Hoi Yan 08034818 China UNESCO Enhancing heritage site protection Important partner to cooperate with How to reduce negative impacts to heritage sites? Principle of sustainable development
  13. 13. Reference • Su, Xiao and Peggy teo. 2009. The Politics of Heritage Tourism in China. New York: Routledge. • Lee, Yok-shiu F. and Hilary du Cros. 2007. Cultural Heritage Management in China. New York: Routledge. • Official website of UNESCO http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/ • Official site of UNESCO World Heritage Center http://whc.unesco.org/ • Official website of State Administration of Cultural Heritage of China http://www.sach.gov.cn/ • China Review News http://www. chinareviewnews.com
  14. 14. Reference • Law of People's Republic of China on the Protection of Cultural Relics http://www.chinatoday.com/law/china-laws/cultural-relics- protection.htm • Official site of Beijing Cultural Heritage Protection Center http://en.bjchp.org/?p=1924 • Protection of Cultural Heritage in China, Ministry of Culture, May 25 2006, from http://chinagate.cn/english/reports/48279.htm • Future heritage protection strategies needed, Global Times, June 12 2010, from http://news.cultural-china.com/20100612115832.html
  15. 15. Thank you!

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