Social Studies STAAR Test   Review
Colonization
1. Reasons for English           Colonization• Social-• Economic-• Religious-
2. Jamestown- 1607• First permanent English  settlement in North America.
3. Virginia House of Burgesses• First representative assembly  in the colonies.
4. 1620• Founding of Plymouth Colony• Mayflower Compact- Early  example of self government.
5. Representative Government• Power is held by the people who  elect representatives to look out  for their interests.
6. Plantations• Large farms  that usually  grow one  kind of cash  crop.
7. Cash Crops• Grown to make money.
8. Mercantilism• Economic system where colony  can only trade with Mother  Country (England). Hurt the  colony’s economy
9. Triangular Trade• Buying and selling of humans  for forced labor.
10. Colonial Economies• Southern- Agricultural.• Northern- Industrial,  ship building, fishing.
11. Free Enterprise• Economic system where there  is competition between  businesses with little  governmental control.
Revolution
12. Effect of the      French and Indian War• Colonies paid               Britain  taxes to help  pay off  England’s war  ...
13. King George III• King of  England  during the  American  Revolution.
14. “No Taxation Without          Representation”• Reason colonists were upset  with British government.
15. Samuel Adams• Opposed  British  taxation.• Helped  form the  Sons of  Liberty.
16. Patrick Henry• Known  for his  “Give Me  Liberty Or  Give Me  Death”  speech.
17. Thomas Paine• Wrote  “Common  Sense” which  gave reasons  to fight for  independence.
18. Thomas Jefferson• Wrote the  Declaration of  Independence in  1776.• This listed  grievances  (complaints)  against Ki...
19. Unalienable Rights• Rights that cannot be taken  away.• In the Declaration of  Independence they are-
20. George Washington• Commander  of the  Continental  Army.
21. Lexington and Concord• Opening battles of the American  Revolution.
22. Saratoga• Battle which was the turning  point of the revolution.• France began to help the  colonies after this victor...
23. Benjamin Franklin• Helped  convince  France to  help the  colonists  fight the  British.
24. Valley Forge• Where Washington’s army spent a  difficult winter but emerged a  stronger force.
25. Yorktown• Ended the American  Revolution.  USA
26. Treaty of Paris• British recognized American  independence.• Mississippi River became the  western border of the U.S.
Government andthe Constitution
27. Articles of Confederation• First U.S. Constitution.• Weak National government.
28. Northwest Ordinance• Set up an orderly system to  bring in new states.
29. Convention of 1787• Called to revise the Articles of  Confederation• New Constitution was written.
30. James Madison• “Father of  the  Constitution”
31. Federalist• For the Constitution.
32. Federalist Papers• Written by  Hamilton,  Madison, and  Jay to gain  support for  the  Constitution.
33. Anti-Federalist• Against the Constitution.• Feared a loss of rights.
34. George Mason• Anti-Federalist who was concerned that  the new Constitution was too powerful  and would take away the r...
35. Great Compromise• Set up Congress into 2 houses.• House of Representatives:  Based on state’s population.• Senate- Two...
36. Three-Fifths Compromise• Settled how slaves would be  counted for taxation and  representation purposes.
37. Branches of Government• Executive-  President:  Carries out the  laws.• Legislative-  Congress:  Makes laws.• Judicial...
38. Bill of Rights• First 10 Amendments to the  Constitution.• Protects Unalienable rights.
39. Limited Government• All authority  figures must  obey the law.
40. Republicanism• People hold the power through  the election of representatives.  People Elect         Representatives
41. Checks and Balances• Prevents one branch of the  government from becoming too  powerful.            EXAMPLES:
42. Federalism• The sharing of power between a  national government and states.
43. Separation of Powers• Each branch of the government is  assigned specific powers.  L            E            J Make   ...
44. Popular Sovereignty• Political power rests with the  people.• Exercised through voting.                    Power of   ...
45. Amendment Process• Addition or  change to the  Constitution.• 2/3 approval vote  in both houses of  Congress.• ¾ appro...
Early Nation
46. Federalist Party• Alexander  Hamilton.• Believed in a  strong  national  government.
47. Democratic-Republican Party• Thomas Jefferson• Weak national government.
48. Bank of the United States• Bank chartered by the National  government to provide bank notes to be  used as money and t...
49. Washington’s Farewell Address• Warned against political parties, foreign  entanglements, regional differences,  and ha...
50. 1803• Year Thomas Jefferson purchased the  Louisiana Territory from France for $15  million.• Doubled the size of the ...
51. Marbury v Madison• John Marshall-  Supreme Court  case which  established  Judicial Review.• Supreme Court  can declar...
52. War of 1812• War with Britain over impressment,  and interference with American  trade, and military aid to Indians.
53. James Monroe• His doctrine  stated  European  countries  were to stay  out of the  Western  Hemisphere.
54. Missouri Compromise• Missouri- slave state. Maine free  state.• First sectional issue between the  North and South.
55. Sectionalism• When one part of the country  looks out for its own interests.
IndustrialRevolution
56. Industrial Revolution• Production of goods and products  in factories by machines.• Led to more goods being produced  ...
57. Urbanization• Major movement of people from  rural (Countryside) to cities  (urban).
58. Interchangeable Parts• Eli Whitney.• Parts are made exactly the same to make  it easier to replace defective parts.
59. Agricultural Inventions• Cotton Gin- Eli  Whitney- Created a  demand for slaves.• Steel Plow- John  Deere- Increased  ...
60. Transportation• Steamboat- Robert Fulton.  Decreased travel time on water.• Canals- Man made waterways  found mainly i...
61. Commerce                              Maryland,• McCulloch v. Maryland-      you can’t  Supreme Court case           t...
62. Improvement in      Communication• Telegraph- Samuel Morse.  Allowed people to communicate  over long distances.
ManifestDestiny
63. Manifest Destiny• Belief that the U.S. was destined to  run from the Atlantic to the Pacific  Oceans.
64. U.S.-Mexican War• Occurred over the annexation  (addition) of Texas.• After its victory, the U.S. acquired most  of th...
Age of Jackson and Reform Movements
65. Andrew Jackson• His election was  one for the  Common Man.• Believed in a  strong national  government.• Hero of the B...
66. Democratic Party• Revolved around the beliefs of  Jackson.• Strong Federal Government.• Supported by Southerners and s...
67. Daniel Webster• Represented the viewpoint of the North.• Believed in preserving the Union was  most important.        ...
68. Henry Clay• “Great Compromiser”.• Worried how the spread of slavery would  affect Western Territories.                ...
69. John C. Calhoun• Represented the South.• From South Carolina.• Believed in slavery and states’ rights.            Long...
70. Protective Tariff• Tax on  imports meant  to protect U.S.  industries.• Made imports  more  expensive and  encouraged ...
71. States’ Rights• Belief that  states don’t  have to  follow  Federal law if  that state  feels that law  violates the  ...
72. Nullification Crisis• Occurred when  South Carolina  refused to enforce  the Protective Tariff  of 1828.• President Ja...
73. Indian Removal Act of 1830• All Indians East  of the Mississippi  would be moved  to Indian Territory  (Oklahoma)• The...
74. Trail of Tears• The Cherokee Indians were forced to  march to Indian Territory.• One fourth of them died on the trip.
75. Reform Movements• Women’s Rights-  Led by Elizabeth  Cady Stanton. The  “Declaration of  Sentiments” from  the Seneca ...
75 Reform Movements• Public  (Common)  School- Led by  Horace Mann.  Called for  education for  all students  regardless o...
75. Reform Movements• Temperance-  Against the  abuse of alcohol.  Believed it  caused problems  like family  violence and...
75. Reform Movements• Abolitionist-  Wanted to do  away with  slavery. Found  in the North.
75. Reform Movements• Mental Illness and  Prison Reform-  Dorothea Dix.  Wanted to  improved  conditions for the  mentally...
The Coming of The Civil War
76. Frederick Douglass• Former  slave who  spoke  against  slavery and  for human  rights.
77. Compromise of 1850• California admitted as a free state.• Strengthened Fugitive Slave Law.
78. Uncle Tom’s Cabin• Written by Harriet  Beecher Stowe.• Antislavery novel  which caused  many Northerners  to oppose  s...
79. Kansas-Nebraska Act• Allowed Popular Sovereignty to  determine legality of slavery in these  territories.• Led to viol...
80. Dred Scott v Sanford• Supreme Court case which stated  slaves were not citizens.
81. Election of 1860• Abraham Lincoln elected president.• Caused Southern states to secede from  the Union.
82. Lincoln’s Inaugural           Addresses• First Inaugural  Address- North would  leave slavery alone  but would act to ...
Civil War
83. 1861-1865• Years of the Civil War.
84. Confederate States of America• Formed by former Southern states.
85. Jefferson Davis• President of the Confederate  States.
86. Ulysses S. Grant• Commander  of Union  (North) forces  during the  Civil War.
87. Robert E. Lee• Commander  of the  Confederate  (South) forces  during the  Civil War.
88. Fort Sumter• Opening battle of the Civil War.
89. Battle of Gettysburg• Northern victory which was the  turning point of the war in the East.• Southern troops withdrew.
90. Gettysburg Address• Speech by Lincoln which reaffirmed  the North’s commitment to winning the  war.
91. Battle of Vicksburg• Northern victory which was the turning  point of the war in the West.• North controlled the Missi...
92. Emancipation Proclamation• Issued by  Lincoln.• Freed the  slaves in the  rebelling  states (south).
93. Appomattox Court House• Civil War ended with a Union victory  when Lee surrendered to Grant.
Reconstruction
94. Reconstruction Amendments• 13th- Ended slavery  and made it illegal.• 14th- Defined  citizenship and  gave equal prote...
95. Andrew Johnson• Became  President after  Lincoln’s  assassination.  Wanted to treat  the South  leniently.
96. Black Codes• Passed by  Southern states  to limit the civil   To all Freedmen:  rights and            Any Freedman  fr...
97. Freedman’s Bureau• Created to help  freedmen  adjust and to  set up schools  to educate  them. They  were given  food,...
98. Homestead Act• Allowed any  citizen to own 160  acres of land if  they lived on it for  5 years and  improved it.  Con...
99. Morrill Act• Gave each state      Colleges Established Under  30,000 acres of            the Morrill Act              ...
100. Dawes Act• Broke up Indian  tribes and  promoted the  assimilation of  Native Americans  into American  society. Caus...
Maps To Know
Maps To Know
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Staar review social studies 2013

  1. 1. Social Studies STAAR Test Review
  2. 2. Colonization
  3. 3. 1. Reasons for English Colonization• Social-• Economic-• Religious-
  4. 4. 2. Jamestown- 1607• First permanent English settlement in North America.
  5. 5. 3. Virginia House of Burgesses• First representative assembly in the colonies.
  6. 6. 4. 1620• Founding of Plymouth Colony• Mayflower Compact- Early example of self government.
  7. 7. 5. Representative Government• Power is held by the people who elect representatives to look out for their interests.
  8. 8. 6. Plantations• Large farms that usually grow one kind of cash crop.
  9. 9. 7. Cash Crops• Grown to make money.
  10. 10. 8. Mercantilism• Economic system where colony can only trade with Mother Country (England). Hurt the colony’s economy
  11. 11. 9. Triangular Trade• Buying and selling of humans for forced labor.
  12. 12. 10. Colonial Economies• Southern- Agricultural.• Northern- Industrial, ship building, fishing.
  13. 13. 11. Free Enterprise• Economic system where there is competition between businesses with little governmental control.
  14. 14. Revolution
  15. 15. 12. Effect of the French and Indian War• Colonies paid Britain taxes to help pay off England’s war debt.
  16. 16. 13. King George III• King of England during the American Revolution.
  17. 17. 14. “No Taxation Without Representation”• Reason colonists were upset with British government.
  18. 18. 15. Samuel Adams• Opposed British taxation.• Helped form the Sons of Liberty.
  19. 19. 16. Patrick Henry• Known for his “Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death” speech.
  20. 20. 17. Thomas Paine• Wrote “Common Sense” which gave reasons to fight for independence.
  21. 21. 18. Thomas Jefferson• Wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776.• This listed grievances (complaints) against King George III.
  22. 22. 19. Unalienable Rights• Rights that cannot be taken away.• In the Declaration of Independence they are-
  23. 23. 20. George Washington• Commander of the Continental Army.
  24. 24. 21. Lexington and Concord• Opening battles of the American Revolution.
  25. 25. 22. Saratoga• Battle which was the turning point of the revolution.• France began to help the colonies after this victory. Victory
  26. 26. 23. Benjamin Franklin• Helped convince France to help the colonists fight the British.
  27. 27. 24. Valley Forge• Where Washington’s army spent a difficult winter but emerged a stronger force.
  28. 28. 25. Yorktown• Ended the American Revolution. USA
  29. 29. 26. Treaty of Paris• British recognized American independence.• Mississippi River became the western border of the U.S.
  30. 30. Government andthe Constitution
  31. 31. 27. Articles of Confederation• First U.S. Constitution.• Weak National government.
  32. 32. 28. Northwest Ordinance• Set up an orderly system to bring in new states.
  33. 33. 29. Convention of 1787• Called to revise the Articles of Confederation• New Constitution was written.
  34. 34. 30. James Madison• “Father of the Constitution”
  35. 35. 31. Federalist• For the Constitution.
  36. 36. 32. Federalist Papers• Written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay to gain support for the Constitution.
  37. 37. 33. Anti-Federalist• Against the Constitution.• Feared a loss of rights.
  38. 38. 34. George Mason• Anti-Federalist who was concerned that the new Constitution was too powerful and would take away the rights of the people and the states.
  39. 39. 35. Great Compromise• Set up Congress into 2 houses.• House of Representatives: Based on state’s population.• Senate- Two for each state.
  40. 40. 36. Three-Fifths Compromise• Settled how slaves would be counted for taxation and representation purposes.
  41. 41. 37. Branches of Government• Executive- President: Carries out the laws.• Legislative- Congress: Makes laws.• Judicial- Courts: Interprets the laws.
  42. 42. 38. Bill of Rights• First 10 Amendments to the Constitution.• Protects Unalienable rights.
  43. 43. 39. Limited Government• All authority figures must obey the law.
  44. 44. 40. Republicanism• People hold the power through the election of representatives. People Elect Representatives
  45. 45. 41. Checks and Balances• Prevents one branch of the government from becoming too powerful. EXAMPLES:
  46. 46. 42. Federalism• The sharing of power between a national government and states.
  47. 47. 43. Separation of Powers• Each branch of the government is assigned specific powers. L E J Make Carries Court Laws out System Laws
  48. 48. 44. Popular Sovereignty• Political power rests with the people.• Exercised through voting. Power of the People
  49. 49. 45. Amendment Process• Addition or change to the Constitution.• 2/3 approval vote in both houses of Congress.• ¾ approval of states.
  50. 50. Early Nation
  51. 51. 46. Federalist Party• Alexander Hamilton.• Believed in a strong national government.
  52. 52. 47. Democratic-Republican Party• Thomas Jefferson• Weak national government.
  53. 53. 48. Bank of the United States• Bank chartered by the National government to provide bank notes to be used as money and to regulate state banks.
  54. 54. 49. Washington’s Farewell Address• Warned against political parties, foreign entanglements, regional differences, and having a debt.
  55. 55. 50. 1803• Year Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million.• Doubled the size of the U.S.
  56. 56. 51. Marbury v Madison• John Marshall- Supreme Court case which established Judicial Review.• Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional.
  57. 57. 52. War of 1812• War with Britain over impressment, and interference with American trade, and military aid to Indians.
  58. 58. 53. James Monroe• His doctrine stated European countries were to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.
  59. 59. 54. Missouri Compromise• Missouri- slave state. Maine free state.• First sectional issue between the North and South.
  60. 60. 55. Sectionalism• When one part of the country looks out for its own interests.
  61. 61. IndustrialRevolution
  62. 62. 56. Industrial Revolution• Production of goods and products in factories by machines.• Led to more goods being produced at lower prices.
  63. 63. 57. Urbanization• Major movement of people from rural (Countryside) to cities (urban).
  64. 64. 58. Interchangeable Parts• Eli Whitney.• Parts are made exactly the same to make it easier to replace defective parts.
  65. 65. 59. Agricultural Inventions• Cotton Gin- Eli Whitney- Created a demand for slaves.• Steel Plow- John Deere- Increased agricultural production.• Mechanical Reaper- Cyrus McCormick- Increased grain production.
  66. 66. 60. Transportation• Steamboat- Robert Fulton. Decreased travel time on water.• Canals- Man made waterways found mainly in the Northeast. Connected cities by water.• Railroads- Fastest form of transportation on land. Led to growth of cities and westward expansion.
  67. 67. 61. Commerce Maryland,• McCulloch v. Maryland- you can’t Supreme Court case tax the Bank of which stated Congress the U.S. had the power to carry out its power stated in the Constitution.• Gibbons v. Ogden- Supreme Court case which stated Congress could regulate interstate commerce.
  68. 68. 62. Improvement in Communication• Telegraph- Samuel Morse. Allowed people to communicate over long distances.
  69. 69. ManifestDestiny
  70. 70. 63. Manifest Destiny• Belief that the U.S. was destined to run from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans.
  71. 71. 64. U.S.-Mexican War• Occurred over the annexation (addition) of Texas.• After its victory, the U.S. acquired most of the present day American Southwest (Mexican Cession).
  72. 72. Age of Jackson and Reform Movements
  73. 73. 65. Andrew Jackson• His election was one for the Common Man.• Believed in a strong national government.• Hero of the Battle of New Orleans.
  74. 74. 66. Democratic Party• Revolved around the beliefs of Jackson.• Strong Federal Government.• Supported by Southerners and slave owners.
  75. 75. 67. Daniel Webster• Represented the viewpoint of the North.• Believed in preserving the Union was most important. Remember what George Washington said about what geographical differences will do to our country.
  76. 76. 68. Henry Clay• “Great Compromiser”.• Worried how the spread of slavery would affect Western Territories. Lets make a deal.
  77. 77. 69. John C. Calhoun• Represented the South.• From South Carolina.• Believed in slavery and states’ rights. Long live slavery and states’ rights!
  78. 78. 70. Protective Tariff• Tax on imports meant to protect U.S. industries.• Made imports more expensive and encouraged people to buy products made in the U.S.
  79. 79. 71. States’ Rights• Belief that states don’t have to follow Federal law if that state feels that law violates the Constitution.
  80. 80. 72. Nullification Crisis• Occurred when South Carolina refused to enforce the Protective Tariff of 1828.• President Jackson threatened to enforce the tariff• South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union.
  81. 81. 73. Indian Removal Act of 1830• All Indians East of the Mississippi would be moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma)• The Indian’s land was wanted for farming.
  82. 82. 74. Trail of Tears• The Cherokee Indians were forced to march to Indian Territory.• One fourth of them died on the trip.
  83. 83. 75. Reform Movements• Women’s Rights- Led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The “Declaration of Sentiments” from the Seneca Falls Convention called for equal rights for women.
  84. 84. 75 Reform Movements• Public (Common) School- Led by Horace Mann. Called for education for all students regardless of background.
  85. 85. 75. Reform Movements• Temperance- Against the abuse of alcohol. Believed it caused problems like family violence and poverty.
  86. 86. 75. Reform Movements• Abolitionist- Wanted to do away with slavery. Found in the North.
  87. 87. 75. Reform Movements• Mental Illness and Prison Reform- Dorothea Dix. Wanted to improved conditions for the mentally ill and better treatment of prisoners.
  88. 88. The Coming of The Civil War
  89. 89. 76. Frederick Douglass• Former slave who spoke against slavery and for human rights.
  90. 90. 77. Compromise of 1850• California admitted as a free state.• Strengthened Fugitive Slave Law.
  91. 91. 78. Uncle Tom’s Cabin• Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.• Antislavery novel which caused many Northerners to oppose slavery.
  92. 92. 79. Kansas-Nebraska Act• Allowed Popular Sovereignty to determine legality of slavery in these territories.• Led to violence.
  93. 93. 80. Dred Scott v Sanford• Supreme Court case which stated slaves were not citizens.
  94. 94. 81. Election of 1860• Abraham Lincoln elected president.• Caused Southern states to secede from the Union.
  95. 95. 82. Lincoln’s Inaugural Addresses• First Inaugural Address- North would leave slavery alone but would act to preserve the Union.• Second Inaugural Address- Wanted to treat the Southern states without malice after the Civil War.
  96. 96. Civil War
  97. 97. 83. 1861-1865• Years of the Civil War.
  98. 98. 84. Confederate States of America• Formed by former Southern states.
  99. 99. 85. Jefferson Davis• President of the Confederate States.
  100. 100. 86. Ulysses S. Grant• Commander of Union (North) forces during the Civil War.
  101. 101. 87. Robert E. Lee• Commander of the Confederate (South) forces during the Civil War.
  102. 102. 88. Fort Sumter• Opening battle of the Civil War.
  103. 103. 89. Battle of Gettysburg• Northern victory which was the turning point of the war in the East.• Southern troops withdrew.
  104. 104. 90. Gettysburg Address• Speech by Lincoln which reaffirmed the North’s commitment to winning the war.
  105. 105. 91. Battle of Vicksburg• Northern victory which was the turning point of the war in the West.• North controlled the Mississippi River.
  106. 106. 92. Emancipation Proclamation• Issued by Lincoln.• Freed the slaves in the rebelling states (south).
  107. 107. 93. Appomattox Court House• Civil War ended with a Union victory when Lee surrendered to Grant.
  108. 108. Reconstruction
  109. 109. 94. Reconstruction Amendments• 13th- Ended slavery and made it illegal.• 14th- Defined citizenship and gave equal protect under the law.• 15th- Granted Black men the right to vote.
  110. 110. 95. Andrew Johnson• Became President after Lincoln’s assassination. Wanted to treat the South leniently.
  111. 111. 96. Black Codes• Passed by Southern states to limit the civil To all Freedmen: rights and Any Freedman freedom of the found without a freedmen. job will be fined and possibly jailed!
  112. 112. 97. Freedman’s Bureau• Created to help freedmen adjust and to set up schools to educate them. They were given food, clothing and medical care.
  113. 113. 98. Homestead Act• Allowed any citizen to own 160 acres of land if they lived on it for 5 years and improved it. Contributed to people moving westward.
  114. 114. 99. Morrill Act• Gave each state Colleges Established Under 30,000 acres of the Morrill Act •Iowa State federal land •Kansas State times the •Michigan State •Rutgers University number of its •Penn State University members of •University of Vermont •University of Minnesota Congress. •University of Missouri States could •University of Wisconsin sell land to fund public colleges.
  115. 115. 100. Dawes Act• Broke up Indian tribes and promoted the assimilation of Native Americans into American society. Caused Indians to lose most of their lands.
  116. 116. Maps To Know
  117. 117. Maps To Know

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