Helle Søholt NHPRC 2013

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Public Space ; Quality of Life
Tapping into the urban health resource

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Helle Søholt NHPRC 2013

  1. 1. Public Space ; Quality of Life Tapping into the urban health resource Helle Søholt, Founding Partner & CEO
  2. 2. “Design of cities effects behavior”
  3. 3. We act on invitations…
  4. 4. Culture is not static; we adapt to our environment
  5. 5. We know what makes a good habitat …. for pandas & turtles
  6. 6. But what is a good habitat for people?
  7. 7. How do we design the urban habitat for the “walking animal”?
  8. 8. Social needs Physical needs How are cities build to support our needs?
  9. 9. Fresh Air Exercise Meet People Any doctor or nurse would recommend Yet we make it so difficult….
  10. 10. Poor pedestrian conditions
  11. 11. Traffic dominated streets
  12. 12. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk Lack of human scale
  13. 13. Mobility in Mexico City People Use in Average 2.5 hours in transport/Day Average speed by car 12,5 km/hour
  14. 14. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Australia Denmark France Greece Italy Japan Mexico New Zealand Norway Sweden United Kingdom United States % Obesity among adults, BMI > 30
  15. 15. Obesity ”Brazil’sobesityratescouldreachthatofUS’sby 2020 - 33.8%” OtalibaLibanio Neto, (2010) Directorof Brazil'sDepartment of Health Analysis
  16. 16. Mental Health ”CitylifetakesitstollonSãoPaulo'sresidents 30%reportamentaldisorder ;WHO” “Residents livedailywith the frustration of severetraffic congestion andits relatednoise andpollution, as wellas high levels of urban violence“ The Lancet,Volume379, Issue 9831, Page2039, 2 June2012
  17. 17. Safety ” Homicidesandtrafficaccidentscauseover60 percentofdeathsinBrazil“ TheLancet, Volume377, Issue 9782, Pages2042 - 2053, 11 June 2011
  18. 18. In contrast Copenhagen – the most livable city
  19. 19. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk from NECESSARY to OPTIONAL
  20. 20. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk OPTIONAL reverse to NECESSARY
  21. 21. “Measure what you care about”
  22. 22. All cities measure Traffic growth ; economic growth ; population growth ect. But are we simply optimizing the wrong things?
  23. 23. We should measure people activities & mobility happiness & quality of life
  24. 24. Walking is good for your health • “Active people live longer” • 2 x 30 minutes of exercise every day • = 7 more years to live! Study published in 2005 South Danish University, DK
  25. 25. Cycling is good for your health • A large Danish study shows people who take their bicycle to work have a 28% lower mortality rate than the average population (after adjustment for, among other issues, differences in terms of job, smoking, leisure-time activities, and body mass index). “Cycling, exercise and Health” Published in Danish by The Ecological Council, The Heart Association, School and Society and The Danish Bicycle Federation 2007 L.B.Andersen et al: All-cause Mortality Associated with Physical Activity During Leisure Time, Work, Sports, and Cycling to Work, Arch. Intern. Med., Vol. 160, June 12, 2000, p.1621
  26. 26. Health through design
  27. 27. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  28. 28. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  29. 29. Cycle tracks are very effective in urban traffic 5 times more people can move per hour on a bicycle track compared with a traffic lane (Estimation by the traffic planners Municipality of Copenhagen)
  30. 30. But more importantly: A city full of pedestrians & bicyclists is a City for People
  31. 31. Walking & biking is for everyone ; it is about equity
  32. 32. Urban cycling ; not Tour de France
  33. 33. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  34. 34. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  35. 35. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  36. 36. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  37. 37. Copenhagen Modal split 35% use a bicycle 26% drive a car 32% use public transit 7% walk
  38. 38. 70% continue to bike in the Winter
  39. 39. Why do people cycle? Copenhagen saves 90.000 t CO2 per year 9% environment
  40. 40. Because it is easy and quick 88%
  41. 41. Earn: 1,22 dkk Per cycled kilometer Loose: 0,67 dkk Per kilometer in car Return on cycle infrastructure projects = 12,6% The Danish state requires a minimum return on 5% Cycling makes sense in terms of economy
  42. 42. More cities are introducing the Cph Model Sustainability helps focusing on pedestrians and bicyclists
  43. 43. 9th Ave. July 07 9th Ave. Sept.07
  44. 44. Broadway Boulevard Oct.2008
  45. 45. Times Square - before Test the design of the urban habitat
  46. 46. To impact behavior and the urban culture Midtown Evaluation Report 17% improvements in travel time 11% increase in pedestrian numbers 63% decrease in injuries 84% increase in stationary activities 74% Times Square has improved dramatically
  47. 47. “Tap into the urban health resource”
  48. 48. from HOSPITALS to HOSPITALITY The city is a place to learn – The environment is our “3 teacher”
  49. 49. Our Public Spaces = The urban health resource
  50. 50. Culture Public spaces opens and enable people to use their urban cultural and social resources & behaviors Attractiveness The city network Is accessible and inviting to many people enabling them to take part in urban life Innovation The public spaces are flexible and make space for exchange of ideas and the meeting of people The Healthy City
  51. 51. People at the centre of planning ”Healthy public spaces are not a question related to size of city.” ”It is about prioritizing people, public life and livability ”

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