By: Benedict GomboczUNITED STATES PRESIDENTIALELECTIONS OF 1932-1964
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1932   Held November 8, 1932; took place in    midst of Great Depression that had ru...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1936   Held November 3, 1936; most unbalanced    presidential election in the histor...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1940   Held November 5, 1940; occurred in shadow of    World War II (in Europe) as U...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1944   Held November 7, 1944; occurred while    United States was preoccupied with W...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1948   Held November 2, 1948; is regarded    as most historians as greatest    elect...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1952   Held November 4, 1952; occurred in era    when Cold War tensions between the ...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1956   Held November 6, 1956; saw popular    incumbent Dwight D. Eisenhower seek    ...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1960   Held November 8, 1960   Incumbent President Dwight D.    Eisenhower, under t...
UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1964   Held November 3, 1964; incumbent President Lyndon    B. Johnson assumed offic...
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United States presidential elections of 1932-1964

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United States presidential elections of 1932-1964

  1. 1. By: Benedict GomboczUNITED STATES PRESIDENTIALELECTIONS OF 1932-1964
  2. 2. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1932 Held November 8, 1932; took place in midst of Great Depression that had ruined incumbent President Herbert Hoover’s promise to bring about a new period of prosperity Economics were dominant issue in campaign of 1932; cultural issues that previous elections focused on (KKK in 1924 and Catholicism in 1928) lacked activity Democratic nomination went to well known Governor of New York Franklin D. Roosevelt (distant cousin of Theodore Roosevelt), who had lost Democratic nomination in 1920, but was re-elected governor by landslide in 1930 Theme of campaign was attack on Hoover’s economic failures President before election was Republican Herbert Hoover of California; elected President was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York, who won in landslide; this “critical election” marked collapse of Fourth Party System of Progressive Era
  3. 3. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1936 Held November 3, 1936; most unbalanced presidential election in the history of the United States In terms of popular vote, it was third largest victory since election of 1820, which had not been seriously contested Occurred as Great Depression entered its eighth year; incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt was still working to push provisions of New Deal economic policy through Congress and courts New Deal policies implanted, like Social Security and unemployment benefits, had become extremely popular with most Americans Roosevelt’s Republican opponent was a political moderate, Governor Alf Landon of Kansas President before election was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York; elected President was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York, who gained 98.49% of electoral vote and 60.8% of national popular vote
  4. 4. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1940 Held November 5, 1940; occurred in shadow of World War II (in Europe) as United States was pulling out of Great Depression Incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt broke with past tradition and sought third term, which became a major issue afterwards Roosevelt’s surprised Republican opponent was Wendell Willkie, maverick businessman and dark horse who campaigned against Roosevelt’s perceived failure to end Depression If re-elected, Roosevelt promised there would the U.S. would not be involved in any foreign conflicts; Willkie organized energetic campaign and was strong in areas of the Midwest and Northeast Roosevelt defeated Willkie and won comfortable victory by gaining significant backing from labor unions, big-city political machines, ethnic voters, and traditionally Democratic Solid South Passing of 22nd Amendment of U.S. Constitution in 1947 makes this only election in American history in which a candidate was elected to third term as president (In 1944, Roosevelt won fourth term, but died less than four months into that term)
  5. 5. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1944 Held November 7, 1944; occurred while United States was preoccupied with World War II Incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt was in office longer than any president before him, but was nevertheless still popular Unlike in election of 1940, there was little doubt that Roosevelt would seek another term as Democratic candidate; his Republican opponent was Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey Dewey ran energetic campaign, but as anticipated, Roosevelt dominated President before election was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York; elected President was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York Last election where Democrat won in every Southern state and first election where one of the two candidates was born in the 20th century
  6. 6. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1948 Held November 2, 1948; is regarded as most historians as greatest election upset in American history Nearly every prediction, with or without opinion polls, hinted that Republican Thomas E. Dewey of New York would defeat incumbent President and Democrat Harry S Truman of Missouri Truman won and overcame three-way break in Democratic party; his stunning victory was fifth consecutive win for Democrats in a presidential election With victory in 1948 congressional election, Democrats took back control of both houses of Congress; therefore, Truman’s victory confirmed Democratic Party’s status as country’s ruling party, a status it would keep until conservative alignment 20 years
  7. 7. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1952 Held November 4, 1952; occurred in era when Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union heightened Unpopular incumbent President Harry S Truman chose not to seek second full term, so Democrats nominated Adlai E. Stevenson II of Illinois in Truman’s place; Stevenson gained reputation in Illinois as intellectual and eloquent orator Republicans turned to popular war hero and General Dwight D. Eisenhower (who led D-Day Invasion of June 6, 1944), who won in landslide, bringing an end to 20 consecutive years of Democratic control of White house At 62, Eisenhower was oldest man elected President since James Buchanan at 65 in 1856, and the oldest until Ronald Reagan at 69 in 1980; Truman was 60 when he succeeded Roosevelt upon Roosevelt’s death in April 1945, and 64 when elected to full term in 1948 First election in 24 years in which Republican nominee was elected over Democrat nominee
  8. 8. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1956 Held November 6, 1956; saw popular incumbent Dwight D. Eisenhower seek successful re-election against same opponent from 1952, Adlai E. Stevenson II Eisenhower was popular, but his health became a quiet issue Stevenson was still popular with a group of liberal Democrats but had no office and no actual base; both he and Eisenhower paid little attention to civil rights issue Eisenhower ended Korean War early in his first term and the nation was enjoying prosperous years, which made landslide for him unquestionable Last presidential election before statehood of Alaska and Hawaii, who take participate in their first election in 1960; also last election where one of two major candidates was born in 19th century
  9. 9. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1960 Held November 8, 1960 Incumbent President Dwight D. Eisenhower, under terms of 22nd Amendment, was ineligible to run again; Republicans nominated Eisenhower’s VP Richard Nixon and Democrats nominated Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts Kennedy was elected over Nixon with lead of 112,827 votes (0.1% of popular vote), winning him victory of 303 to 219 in Electoral College, closest in 44 years Kennedy defeated Nixon because there was an economic recession which hurt incumbent GOP; had advantage of registered Democrats (17 million more) outnumbering registered Republicans Kennedy’s campaigning skills outmatched Nixon’s; in the long run, Nixon’s importance on his experience had little weight, and he used up his energy by campaigning in all 50 states rather than focusing on swing states
  10. 10. UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1964 Held November 3, 1964; incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson assumed office in November of preceding year following assassination of predecessor John F. Kennedy Johnson, who was successful in identifying himself with Kennedy’s popularity, won 61.1% of popular vote, highest won by a candidate in 144 years Sixth-most unbalanced presidential election in the history of the United States; fifth-most in terms of popular vote Republican candidate, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, suffered from little endorsement from his own party and his highly unpopular (for 1960s) conservative political positions Johnson’s campaign was successful in portraying Goldwater as a dangerous extremist, and supported social programs which became known as Great Society; Johnson was easily elected and won 44 of 50 states and in addition to that, the District of Columbia On the other hand, Goldwater’s unsuccessful bid influenced Republican Party and modern conservative movement; his campaign gained considerable backing from ex-Democratic strongholds in Deep South

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