Background Established: March 25, 1957 as the European Community Founding members: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany Motto: Unified in Diversity Anthem: Ode to Joy Official languages: 23 (on next slide) Member states: 27 (on slide 4) Currency: Euro Internet TLD: .eu
Languages Bulgarian Latvian Czech Lithuanian Danish Maltese Dutch Polish English Portuguese Estonian Romanian Finnish Slovak French Slovene German Spanish Greek Swedish Hungarian Irish Italian
Member states Austria Latvia Belgium Lithuania Bulgaria Luxembourg Cyprus Malta Czech Republic Netherlands Denmark Poland Estonia Portugal Finland Romania France Slovakia Germany Slovenia Greece Spain Hungary Sweden Ireland United Kingdom Italy
Enlargement sinceestablishment Joined in 1957 (founding members ): Belgium, France, Germany (as West Germany), Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Joined in 1973: Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Joined in 1981: Greece. Joined in 1986: Portugal and Spain. Joined in 1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden. Joined in 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. Joined in 2007: Bulgaria and Romania.
EU – Geography Borders 13 non-EU members: Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Croatia, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine. Borders the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Adrian Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the Gulf of Finland and the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea, the Celtic Sea.
Flags seen with EUlanguages Bulgarian: Bulgaria Czech: Czech Republic Danish: Denmark Dutch: Belgium, Netherlands English: United Kingdom Estonian: Estonia Finnish: Finland France: Belgium, France, Switzerland German: Austria, Germany, Switzerland Greek: Cyprus, Greece Hungarian: Hungary
Flags seen with EU languages(cont). Irish: Ireland Italian: Italy, Switzerland Latvian: Latvia Lithuanian: Lithuania Maltese: Malta Polish: Poland Portuguese: Portugal Romanian: Moldova, Romania Slovak: Slovakia Slovene: Slovenia Spanish: Spain Swedish: Sweden
Future enlargement Five states are recognized as official EU candidates: Croatia, Iceland, Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey. Three states are recognized as official potential candidates: Albania, Bosnia and Serbia.
EU – Biggest economies Germany France United Kingdom Italy
EU – Trade and Economics The EU’s biggest trading partners are China, Russia and the U.S. The four biggest economies are Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Italy. France and Germany are the most important members of the EU.
Euro zone and SchengenAgreement Euro zone: Member states that have adopted the Euro currency introduced in 1999 and put into use in 2002. Schengen Agreement: Member states that have ceased passport use at border controls.