By: Benedict S. Gombocz
 Held in Romania on 20 May  1990. Were first elections after  collapse of Communist  government; also first public  pres...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu                 Invalid/blank votes     Party: National Salvation Front        Votes: 447,92...
 Held in Romania on 27  September 1992; second  round of presidential election  was held 11 October. Incumbent Ion Ilies...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Democratic National Salvation Front     Votes: 5,633,465     %: 47.2   Candidate...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Democratic National Salvation Front     Votes: 7,393,429     %: 61.4   Candidate...
   Held in Romania on 3 November    1996; second round of    presidential election was held 17    November.   Incumbent ...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania     Votes: 4,081,093     %: 32.3   Emil Consta...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania     Votes: 7,057,906     %: 54.4   Candidate: ...
   Held in Romania on 26    November 2000; second round    of presidential election was held    10 December.   Ion Ilies...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania     Votes: 4,076,273     %: 36.4   Candidate: ...
   Candidate: Ion Iliescu     Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania     Votes: 6,696,623     %: 66.8   Candidate: ...
   Held in Romania on 28    November 2004.   Second round of presidential    election was held 12 December    between PM...
   Candidate: Traian Băsescu     Party: PNL-PD     Votes: 3,545,236     %: 33.9   Candidate: Adrian Năstase     Part...
   Candidate: Traian Băsescu     Party: PNL-SD     Votes : 5,126,794     %: 51.2   Candidate: Adrian Năstase     Par...
   First round was held in Romania on 22    November ; run-off round between    incumbent Traian Băsescu of PD-L    and M...
   Candidate: Traian Băsescu     Party: Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal)     Votes: 3,153,640     ...
   Candidate: Traian Băsescu     Party: Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal)     Votes: 5,275,808     ...
   Last presidential election was held in 2009, after which    winner Traian Băsescu was sworn in for his second,    exte...
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Romanian presidential elections of 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2009, and 2014

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Romanian presidential elections of 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2009, and 2014

  1. 1. By: Benedict S. Gombocz
  2. 2.  Held in Romania on 20 May 1990. Were first elections after collapse of Communist government; also first public presidential elections. Ion Iliescu of National Salvation Front (FSN) was elected President. National Salvation Front won 263 of 395 seats in Chamber of Deputies and 91 of 118 seats in Senate.
  3. 3.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Invalid/blank votes  Party: National Salvation Front  Votes: 447,923 (FSN)  %: -  Votes: 12,232,498  Total  %: 85.1  Votes: 14,826,616 Candidate: Radu Câmpeanu  %: 100  Party: National Liberal Party  Registered voters/turnout (PNL)  Votes: 17,200,722  Votes: 1,529,188  %: 10.6  %: 86.2 Candidate: Ion Raţiu  Party: Christian-Democratic National Peasants’ Party  Votes: 617,007  %: 4.3
  4. 4.  Held in Romania on 27 September 1992; second round of presidential election was held 11 October. Incumbent Ion Iliescu of Democratic National Salvation Front (FDSN) was re-elected; his party rose as largest party in Parliament and won 117 of 341 seats in Chamber of Deputies and 49 of 143 seats in Senate.
  5. 5.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Democratic National Salvation Front  Votes: 5,633,465  %: 47.2 Candidate: Emil Constantinescu  Party: Romanian Democratic Convention  Votes: 3,717,006  %: 31.1 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 597,565  %: - Total  Votes: 12, 496, 430  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 16,380,663  %: 76.3
  6. 6.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Democratic National Salvation Front  Votes: 7,393,429  %: 61.4 Candidate: Emil Constantinescu  Party: Romanian Democratic Convention  Votes: 4,641,207  %: 38.6 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 119,174  %: - Total  Votes: 12,153,810  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 16,597,508  %: 73.2
  7. 7.  Held in Romania on 3 November 1996; second round of presidential election was held 17 November. Incumbent President Ion Iliescu of Social Democracy Party of Romania (PDSR) got most votes in first round, but was defeated by Emil Constantinescu of Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) in second round. With Constantinescu’s victory, CDR rose as largest party in Parliament; won 122 of 343 seats in Chamber of Deputies and 53 of 143 seats in Senate.
  8. 8.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania  Votes: 4,081,093  %: 32.3 Emil Constantinescu  Party: Romanian Democratic Convention  Votes: 3,569,941  %: 28.2 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 435,481  %: - Total  Votes: 13,088,388  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 17,218,654  %: 76.0
  9. 9.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania  Votes: 7,057,906  %: 54.4 Candidate: Emil Constantinescu  Party: Romanian Democratic Convention  Votes: 5,914,579  %: 45.6 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 106,398  %: - Total  Votes: 13,078,883  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 17,230,654  %: 75.9
  10. 10.  Held in Romania on 26 November 2000; second round of presidential election was held 10 December. Ion Iliescu of PDSR won the presidential elections and was elected to a second, non- consecutive term. PDSR rose as largest party in Parliament; won 155 of 345 seats in Chamber of Deputies and 65 of 140 seats in Senate.
  11. 11.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania  Votes: 4,076,273  %: 36.4 Candidate: Corneliu Vadim Tudor  Party: Greater Romania Party  Votes: 3,178,293  %: 28.3 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 346,484  %: - Total  Votes: 11,559,458  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 17,699,727  %: 65.3
  12. 12.  Candidate: Ion Iliescu  Party: Social Democracy Party of Romania  Votes: 6,696,623  %: 66.8 Candidate: Corneliu Vadim Tudor  Party: Greater Romania Party  Votes: 3,324,247  %: 33.2 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 163,845  %: - Total  Votes : 10,184,715  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 17,711,757  %: 57.5
  13. 13.  Held in Romania on 28 November 2004. Second round of presidential election was held 12 December between PM Adrian Năstase of governing Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) and Traian Băsescu of opposition Justice and Truth Alliance. Băsescu was elected President by narrow majority of 51.2%. After 2003 amendments to constitution which extended presidential term to five years, these were final joint elections to presidency and Parliament.
  14. 14.  Candidate: Traian Băsescu  Party: PNL-PD  Votes: 3,545,236  %: 33.9 Candidate: Adrian Năstase  Party: National Union PSD+PUR  Votes: 4,278,864  %: 40.9 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 339,010  %: - Total  Votes: 10,791,215  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 18,449,344  %: 58.5
  15. 15.  Candidate: Traian Băsescu  Party: PNL-SD  Votes : 5,126,794  %: 51.2 Candidate: Adrian Năstase  Party: National Union PSD+PUR  Votes: 4,881,520  %: 48.8 Invalid/blank votes  Votes: 103,245  %: - Total  Votes : 10,111,559  %: 100 Registered voters/turnout  Votes: 18,316,104  %: 55.2
  16. 16.  First round was held in Romania on 22 November ; run-off round between incumbent Traian Băsescu of PD-L and Mircea Geoană of PSD was held 6 December 2009. Even though exit polls were generally in favor of Geoană, authorities declared Băsescu narrow winner with 50.33% of votes. However, opposition debates the results, citing a “high number of void ballots, modified voting protocols, and massive electoral tourism”, vowing to fight the result in constitutional court. OSCE said the election “was held generally in line with OSCE commitments,” but also demanded the authorities to investigate speculation of fraud.
  17. 17.  Candidate: Traian Băsescu  Party: Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal)  Votes: 3,153,640  %: 32.44 Candidate: Mircea Geoană  Party: Social Democratic Party + Conservative Party (Alianţa Electoralǎ Partidul Social Democrat + Partidul Conservator)  Votes: 3,027,838  %: 31.15 Total valid votes  Votes: 9,718,840  %: 100%
  18. 18.  Candidate: Traian Băsescu  Party: Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal)  Votes: 5,275,808  %: 50.33 Candidate: Mircea Geoană  Party: Social Democratic Party + Conservative Party (Alianţa Electoralǎ Partidul Social Democrat + Partidul Conservator)  Votes: 5,205,760  %: 49.66 Total valid votes  Votes: 10,481,568  %: 100%
  19. 19.  Last presidential election was held in 2009, after which winner Traian Băsescu was sworn in for his second, extended five-year term on 21 December 2009; under the Constitution, he is ineligible for a third term. Political alliance Social Liberal Union’s (USL) appointed candidate for Presidential office is National Liberal Party (PNL) leader Crin Antonescu, the favorite in all opinion polls, which so far grants him a clear front runner position with between 35-40% of the electorate’s vote with a continuing growing tendency.

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