Politics of Slovakia


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The Government and Politics of Slovakia.

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Politics of Slovakia

  1. 1. Made by: Benedict S. Gombocz
  2. 2.  Government (Vláda): Parliamentary republic and multi-party democracy President (Prezident Slovensko): Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister (Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky): Robert Fico
  3. 3.  Direction – Social Democracy (Smer - sociálna demokracia, Smer) Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (Slovenská demokratická a kresťanská únia - Demokratická strana, SDKÚ–DS) Freedom and Solidarity (Sloboda a Solidarita, SaS) Christian Democratic Movement (Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH)
  4. 4.  Most–Híd (literally Bridge, Most) Slovak National Party (Slovenská národná strana, SNS) Civic Conservative Party (Občianska konzervatívna strana, OKS) Party of the Hungarian Coalition (Strana maďarskej koalície - Magyar Koalíció Pártja, SMK-MKP) People’s Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (Ľudová strana - Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko, LS-HZDS)
  5. 5.  1998 ◦ PM before election: Vladimír Mečiar (HZDS) ◦ Elected PM: Mikuláš Dzurinda (KDH) 2002 ◦ PM before election: Mikuláš Dzurinda (SDKÚ) ◦ Elected PM: Mikuláš Dzurinda (SDKÚ) 2006 ◦ PM before election: Mikuláš Dzurinda (SDKÚ) ◦ Elected PM: Robert Fico (Smer-SD) 2010 ◦ PM before election: Robert Fico (Smer-SD) ◦ Elected PM: Iveta Radičová (SDKÚ-DS) 2012 ◦ PM before election: Iveta Radičová (SDKÚ-DS) ◦ Elected PM: Robert Fico (Smer-SD)
  6. 6.  Centre-left, social democratic, left-wing nationalist and populist party Founded in 1999 when it emerged as a breakaway from the Party of the Democratic Left Led by Robert Fico, current PM of Slovakia, who was also PM from 2006 to 2010 Largest party in the National Council and has 62 seats Entered a coalition with the Slovak National Party after its victory in 2006 parliamentary election and lost its membership in the Party of European Socialists
  7. 7.  Liberal conservative, Christian democratic party Founded in 2000 Was called the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ) prior to its merger with the Democratic Party on 21 January 2006 Won 18.4% of the popular vote and 31 out of 150 total seats in the National Council in 2006 parliamentary election Member of the European People’s Party
  8. 8.  Centre-right classical liberal party Founded on 28 February 2009 and is led by its founder and designer of Slovakia’s flat tax system, economist Richard Sulík Has 21 seats in the National Council and four positions in the Slovak Government Narrowly failed to cross the 5% threshold in 2009 European Parliament election, but came in third and won 22 seats in 2010 parliamentary election Part of the four-party centre- right coalition with four cabinet positions
  9. 9.  Christian democratic and social conservative party Founded in 1990 Represented in the National Council with 15 seats Was a member of the previous government coalition, but abandoned that coalition on 7 February 2006 because of disputes regarding an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection Won 8.3% of the popular vote in 2006 parliamentary election and 14 out of 150 seats Member of the European People’s Party
  10. 10.  Centre-right inter-ethnic cooperation party Founded on 30 June 2009 by defectors from the Party of the Hungarian Coalition Calls for cooperation and understanding between ethnic Slovaks and Hungarian minority Has ten members of the National Council and is part of the centre-right coalition government Led by Béla Bugár; the party claims to have a membership that is two-thirds Hungarian and one-third ethnic Slovak Won ten seats in National Council in 2010 parliamentary election
  11. 11.  Ultranationalist, Anti- Hungarian, Right-wing populist party Characterizes itself as socialist, nationalist party on what it calls the “European Christian system of values” Founded in December 1989 Has won seats in every Slovak parliamentary election since 1990 except one (in 2002) ; formed a coalition with Smer Was considered by Party of European Socialists a “political party which incites or attempts to stir up racial or ethnic prejudices and racial hatred”
  12. 12.  Centre-right conservative soft eurosceptic party Founded on 10 November 2001 as a parliamentary schism from the Democratic Party Has won four seats in National Council, which it won in an electoral alliance with Most–Híd in 2010 parliamentary election Has relied on electoral alliances with other centre-right parties like the Christian Democratic Movement and Conservative Democrats of Slovakia Member of Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
  13. 13.  Christian democratic, liberal conservative party for ethnic Hungarian minority Founded in 1998 Led by Pál Csáky (formerly by Béla Bugár) until 2010 parliamentary election where it did not receive 5% of the popular vote; Csáky responded by resigning Became a member of European People’s Party on 7 June 2000 Its MEPs sit in the EPP-ED Group in European Parliament
  14. 14.  Centrist national conservative, right-wing populist party Founded on 27 April 1991 Was the governing party from 1992 to 1998 (with a short break in 1994) and the largest party from 1991 to 2006 Led by Vladimír Mečiar Has been part of the Slovak Government three times: twice as leading partner with Mečiar as PM (1992-94 and 1994-98) and once from 2006-2010 as junior partner under Robert Fico
  15. 15.  3rd and current President of the Slovak Republic Born on 27 March 1941 in Poltár Is the first Slovak president to be re-elected Previously served as Member of National Council from 23 June 1992-15 October 2002 and Speaker of National Council 1 January 1993-30 October 1998 After the Velvet Revolution and the collapse of the Communist government, he was chosen by democratically elected president Václav Havel to be the country’s federal Prosecutor-General
  16. 16.  Current PM of Slovakia Born 15 September 1964 in Topoľčany Was also PM from 2006-2010 Graduated from Law Faculty of Comenius University at Bratislava, in former Czechoslovakia, later working for Institute of State and Law of Slovak Academy of Sciences Joined Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in 1987 After non-violent Velvet Revolution of 1989, and fall of the communist government in Czechoslovakia, he joined Party of the Democratic Left (SDL), a heir to Communist Party of Slovakia Represented Slovakia as its legal counsel at European Court of Human Rights between 1994 and 2000, but did not win any of the 14 cases he handled Departed from SDL in 1999, when endorsement for SDL fell below threshold needed to get into parliament and founded Direction – Social Democracy (SMER), becoming popular opposition politician while critizcing changes of right-wing government of Mikuláš Dzurinda
  17. 17.  Direction – Social Democracy: 29.5% Slovak National Party: 7.7% People’s Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia: 5% Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party: 12.1% Freedom and Solidarity: 12.4% Christian Democratic Movement: 9.2% Most–Híd: 6.5% Party of the Hungarian Coalition: 5.2%
  18. 18.  Direction – Social Democracy: 44.41% Christian Democratic Movement: 8.82% Ordinary People and Independent Personalities: 8.55% Most–Híd: 6.89% Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party: 6.09% Freedom and Solidarity: 5.88%