B E N E D I C T ( V I K T O R ) G O M B O C ZPolitics of Iceland
Geography of Iceland Location: Northern Europe, islandbetween the Greenland Sea and the NorthAtlantic Ocean, northwest of...
Physical Map of Iceland
Religion in Iceland Norse paganism, a mutual faith among themediaeval Scandinavians until theyconverted to Christianity, ...
Religion statistics Lutheran Church of Iceland (official): 80.7% Roman Catholic: 2.5% Reykjavík Free Church: 2.4% Hafn...
Roman Catholic church, Reykjavík
Background of Iceland’s political system The political system of Iceland functions in the structure of a parliamentaryrep...
Government of Iceland Capital (and largest city): Reykjavík National language: Icelandic Demonym: Icelander, Icelandic...
Parties registered for the 27 April 2013 parliamentary elections Bright Future (Björt framtíð) Progressive Party (Framsó...
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Born 14 May 1943 in Ísafjörður. 5th and current President of Iceland, havingassumed office on 1 A...
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Born 4 October 1942 in Reykjavík. Current PM of Iceland; assumed office on 1 February2009. MP si...
Ásta Ragnheiður Jóhannesdóttir Born 16 October 1949 in Reykjavík. Current speaker of the Althing. Briefly served as Ice...
Bright Future Founded on 4 February 2012. Included two MPs, GuðmundurSteingrímsson (defected from theProgressive Party) ...
The End (Endir)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Politics of Iceland

486 views

Published on

Published in: Travel, Art & Photos
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
486
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Politics of Iceland

  1. 1. B E N E D I C T ( V I K T O R ) G O M B O C ZPolitics of Iceland
  2. 2. Geography of Iceland Location: Northern Europe, islandbetween the Greenland Sea and the NorthAtlantic Ocean, northwest of the UnitedKingdom Area Total: 103,000 sq km Country comparison to the world: 108 Land: 100,250 sq km Water: 2,750 sq km Area – comparative: Slightly smaller thanKentucky Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 4,970 km
  3. 3. Physical Map of Iceland
  4. 4. Religion in Iceland Norse paganism, a mutual faith among themediaeval Scandinavians until theyconverted to Christianity, was initiallyreligion in Iceland, which subsequentlybecame partly Christian and then mostlyChristian. This growing Christianization concluded inthe Pietism era, during which non-Christianpractices were forbidden. Iceland, at present, is predominantly, ifnominally, Lutheran, but Christianminorities, such as Baptist, Catholic, andJehovah’s Witnesses also exist. Germanic Heathenism is, after Christianity,the second biggest religion. In 2011, a Gallup poll concluded that 60% ofIcelanders believed religion was insignificantin their everyday lives; this is one of thelargest irreligion rates in the world.
  5. 5. Religion statistics Lutheran Church of Iceland (official): 80.7% Roman Catholic: 2.5% Reykjavík Free Church: 2.4% Hafnarfjorour Free Church: 1.6% Other religions: 3.6% Unaffiliated: 3% Other or unspecified: 6.2% (2006 est.)
  6. 6. Roman Catholic church, Reykjavík
  7. 7. Background of Iceland’s political system The political system of Iceland functions in the structure of a parliamentaryrepresentative democratic republic; the PM of Iceland serves as the head ofgovernment, and of a multi-party structure. Iceland is debatably the oldest existing parliamentary democracy in the world. The government exercises executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament, theAlthing. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
  8. 8. Government of Iceland Capital (and largest city): Reykjavík National language: Icelandic Demonym: Icelander, Icelandic Government: Unitary parliamentaryconstitutional republic President: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister: JóhannaSigurðardóttir Speaker of the Althing: ÁstaRagnheiður Jóhannesdóttir Legislature: Althing (Alþingi)
  9. 9. Parties registered for the 27 April 2013 parliamentary elections Bright Future (Björt framtíð) Progressive Party (Framsóknarflokkur) Independence Party (Sjálfstæðisflokkur) Right-Green Movement (Hægri Grænir) Humanist Party - related to International HumanistParty (Húmanistaflokkurinn) Households Party – New party founded on 19 March2013, as a merger of eight groups: Republican Party,Sovereign Union, Sjálfstæðir Sjálfstæðismenn,Þjóðarflokkurinn, 3 interest groups, and a split fromSolidarity (Flokkur Heimilanna) Rainbow – New party founded in March 2013(Regnboginn) Sturla Jónsson (Sturla Jónsson) Democracy Watch – a new party split from Dawn(Lýðræðisvaktin) Rural Party – New party founded on 23 February 2013(Landsbyggðarflokkurinn) People’s Front of Iceland (Alþýðufylkingin) Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin —jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands) Dawn (Dögun) Left-Green Movement (Vinstrihreyfingin — græntframboð) Pirate Party (Pírataflokkurinn)
  10. 10. Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Born 14 May 1943 in Ísafjörður. 5th and current President of Iceland, havingassumed office on 1 August 1996; ran unopposedin 2000, was re-elected for a third term in 2004,was re-elected unopposed for a fourth term in2008, and was re-elected for a record fifth termin 2012. Studied economics and political science at theUniversity of Manchester between 1962-1970;became the first Icelander, in 1970, to obtain aPhD in political science. Subsequently became a lecturer in politicalscience at the University of Iceland, also in 1970,and then a Professor of Political Science at thesame university, in 1973; was that university’sfirst Professor of Political Science. Participated in a debate, in 1984, alongside threeother left-wing scholars, with economist MiltonFriedman, who was on a visit to Iceland todeliver a lecture on the “tyranny of the statusquo” at the University of Iceland.
  11. 11. Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Born 4 October 1942 in Reykjavík. Current PM of Iceland; assumed office on 1 February2009. MP since 1978; served as Iceland’s Minister of SocialAffairs and Social Security twice: between 1987-1994 and2007-2009. Has served as a member of the Althing for Reykjavíkconstituencies since 1978; was re-elected on eightconsecutive occasions. Became the first female PM of Iceland and the world’sfirst openly lesbian head of government upon takingoffice on 1 February 2009. Is a social democrat and the lengthiest serving MP inIceland. Raised her fist and said “Minn tími mun koma!” (“Mytime will come!”), a phrase that went on to become anadmired Icelandic expression, when, in the 1990s, shelost a proposal to lead the Social Democratic Party. Was listed among the 100 Most Powerful Women in theworld by Forbes magazine, in 2009. Announced in September 2012 that she will not run forre-election and will step down from political life instead.
  12. 12. Ásta Ragnheiður Jóhannesdóttir Born 16 October 1949 in Reykjavík. Current speaker of the Althing. Briefly served as Iceland’s Minister ofSocial Affairs and Social Securityfrom 1 February 2009-10 May 2009. Has served in the Althing since 1995.
  13. 13. Bright Future Founded on 4 February 2012. Included two MPs, GuðmundurSteingrímsson (defected from theProgressive Party) and Róbert Marshall(defected from the Social DemocraticAlliance) prior to the 2013 generalelection. Subsequently gained six seats in theelection. Endorses Icelandic membership in theEuropean Union and adopting the Euro asIceland’s currency. Has ties to the Group of the Alliance ofLiberals and Democrats for Europe(ALDE) in the EP.
  14. 14. The End (Endir)

×