By: Benedict Gombocz
 Mátyás Rákosi was born Mátyás Rosenfeld on 9  March 1892 in Ada, Austria-Hungary (now Ada,  Serbia). Served in the Aust...
 Joined the Hungarian Communist  Party upon returning to Hungary  in 1918. Was commander of the Red Guard  in the Hungar...
 Rákosi returned to  Hungary in 1924, only  to be imprisoned by  Horthy’s government. Escaped to the Soviet  Union upon ...
 When the Red Army drove the Nazis  out of Hungary in 1945, Rákosi  returned from hiding and became  General Secretary of...
 The communists, with Rákosi as  prime minister, gradually took  control of the government. When foreign secretary Lászl...
 Rákosi faced great difficulty in managing the Hungarian    economy and living standards in Hungary dropped.   His gover...
 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.  co.uk/COLDrakosi.htm
Mátyás Rákosi
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Mátyás Rákosi

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The life and rule of Hungarian Communist leader Mátyás Rákosi (9 March 1852-5 February 1971; served as de facto leader of the People's Republic of Hungary between 1945 and 1956).

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Mátyás Rákosi

  1. 1. By: Benedict Gombocz
  2. 2.  Mátyás Rákosi was born Mátyás Rosenfeld on 9 March 1892 in Ada, Austria-Hungary (now Ada, Serbia). Served in the Austro-Hungarian Army in World War I. Was captured by the Russians and spent the majority of the war in a prison camp in Russia.
  3. 3.  Joined the Hungarian Communist Party upon returning to Hungary in 1918. Was commander of the Red Guard in the Hungarian Soviet Republic established by Béla Kun in March 1919. Admiral Miklós Horthy, the commander-in-chief of the Imperial and Royal Fleet, returned to Hungary in November 1919 in the midst of the Hungarian- Romanian War and led the successful overthrow of Kun’s government. Rákosi escaped to Russia; with Joseph Stalin’s support, he became Secretary of Comintern.
  4. 4.  Rákosi returned to Hungary in 1924, only to be imprisoned by Horthy’s government. Escaped to the Soviet Union upon his release in 1940 and stayed in Moscow for the remainder of World War II.
  5. 5.  When the Red Army drove the Nazis out of Hungary in 1945, Rákosi returned from hiding and became General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party. In the free elections held in November 1945, the Hungarian Communist Party received only 20% of the votes. However, the Communists took over Hungary because they filled all the important posts; Rákosi emerged as the most important political figure in Hungary. The Hungarian Communist Party became the biggest single party in 1947 elections and served in the coalition People’s Independence Front government.
  6. 6.  The communists, with Rákosi as prime minister, gradually took control of the government. When foreign secretary László Rajk openly criticized attempts by Joseph Stalin to impose Stalinist policies on Hungary, he was arrested, convicted of treason and executed. Nothing could stop Rákosi from imposing authoritarian rule; nearly 2,000 people were executed and more than 100,000 were arrested. These brutal policies were opposed even by some members of the Hungarian Communist Party; around 200,000 were expelled by Rákosi from the party.
  7. 7.  Rákosi faced great difficulty in managing the Hungarian economy and living standards in Hungary dropped. His government’s popularity declined significantly; when Joseph Stalin died in March 1953, Rákosi was replaced as prime minister by Imre Nagy. Nevertheless, he remained the General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party; over the following three years, Rákosi and Nagy fought in a bitter struggle for power. In 1956, he was ousted from power ; he was expelled from the Hungarian Communist Party in 1962. Following his expulsion, Rákosi went into exile in the Soviet Union and died in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod) on 5 February 1971, almost 36 days short of his 79th birthday.
  8. 8.  http://www.spartacus.schoolnet. co.uk/COLDrakosi.htm

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