Airline with its headquarters in Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan.
Japan’s flag carrier, with four main hubs: Tokyo’s Narita International
Airport and Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport), Osaka’s
Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport.
The airline and three of its subsidiaries (J-Air, JAL Express, and Japan
Transocean Air) are members of the Oneworld airline alliance.
Included in JAL group companies for both domestic and international
services (JAL group also includes JAL Express for domestic and
international low-cost services; J-Air, Japan Air Commuter, Japan
Transocean Air, and Ryukyu Air Commuter for domestic feeder
services; JAL Cargo for cargo and mail services).
JAL group operations include scheduled and non-scheduled
international and domestic passenger and cargo services to 220
destinations in a total of 35 countries worldwide; these include
The group’s fleet consists of 279 aircraft; it carried more than 52
million passengers and more than 1.1 million tons of cargo and mail in
the fiscal year that ended on 31 March 2009.
Founded in 1951, becoming Japan’s national airline in 1953.
Was wholly privatized in 1987 following more than three decades of
service and expansion.
Merged with Japan Air System, the-third biggest airline in Japan, in
2002, and became the world’s sixth biggest airline in terms of
Currently an official sponsor of Japan Football Association, Japan
national football team, Shimizu S-Pulse, and Consadole Sapporo.
All Nippon Airways, the second biggest airline in Japan, is Japan
Airlines’ primary competitor, with vicious competition between the two
• Haneda Airport (Tōkyō)
• Kansai International Airport (Osaka)
• Narita International Airport (Tōkyō)
• Osaka International Airport
• Chubu Centrair
• International Airport (Nagoya)
• Fukuoka Airport
• New Chitose Airport (Sapporo)
• JAL Express
• Japan Air Commuter (60%)
• Japan Transocean Air (51.1%)
Founded 1 August 1951
Commenced operations 25 October 1951
Frequent-flyer program JAL Mileage Bank, JAL Global Club
Airport lounge Diamond Premier Lounge, JAL First Class Lounge, Sakura
Fleet size 279
Company slogan Fly in tomorrow, Dream Skyward
Headquarters Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan
Key people Kazuo Inamori (Chairman Emeritus), Masaru Onishi
(Chairman), Yoshiharu Ueki (President)
Revenue +JP¥1,238.84 billion (2012)
The airline, apart from its operations under the JAL name, owns five domestic airlines which feed or supplement
mainline JAL flights:
• J-Air (JLJ) – regional jet services via Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka
• JAL Express (JEX) – low-cost jet services between minor cities
• Japan Air Commuter (JAC) – turboprop services in western Japan, including mostly the Amami Islands
• Japan Transocean Air (JTA) – jet services in Okinawa Prefecture and the Amami Islands
• Ryukyu Air Commuter (RAC) – turboprop services in Okinawa Prefecture and the Amami Islands
JAL’s international subsidiary, which dealt with low-yield flights to resort destinations in Hawaii, Oceania, and
Southeast Asia, was JALways.
JALUX Inc., founded in 1962, is the airline’s procurement business which dealt with a variety of work for the
corporation, such as the JAL SELECTION products and in-flight meals and drinks, supplies for Blue Sky and JAL-
DFS shops, aircraft fuel parts, cabin services, and in-flight duty-free.
On 1 January 2004, JALUX merged with JAS trading to unite support operations for the JAL group.
JAL Cargo is the brand of the airline group’s flight service; it is a member of the WOW cargo alliance with these
products: J Speed, General Cargo, and Dangerous Goods.
The Cargo division, in the fiscal year that ended on 31 March 2009, transported 500,779 tonnes of domestic cargo
and 627,213 tonnes of international cargo.
The airline changed its trade name from Japan Airlines International Co., Ltd (株式会社日本航空インターナショナ
ル, Kabushiki-gaisha Nihon Koku Intānashonaru ) to Japan Airlines Co., Ltd (日本航空株式会社, Nihon Koku
Kabushiki-gaisha) on 1 April 2011.
Japan Airlines, excluding codeshares, serves 33 international
destinations in Asia, the Americas, Europe, and Oceania.
Its four international hubs are Narita International Airport (Tokyo),
Haneda Airport, Kansai International Airport (Osaka), and Osaka
International Airport in Itami.
Also serves 59 domestic destinations within Japan.
Introduced or expanded services on ten international routes in the
fiscal year that ended on 31 March 2009; these destinations include
routes between Tokyo (Narita) and New York and between Osaka
(Kansai) and Shanghai, whereas operations on four international
routes ended (between Tokyo Narita and Xi’an and between Osaka
Kansai and Qingdao).
Ceased 14 domestic routes; this includes the Sapporo-Okinawa route.
Additionally expanded codesharing with fellow Oneworld partners
British Airways, Finnair, and Air Berlin, as well as with other airlines,
such as Air France, China Eastern, and Jetstar.
Japan Airlines has codeshare agreements or joint
business agreements with ten of its fellow Oneworld
• Air Berlin
• American Airlines (Trans-Pacific joint business
• British Airways (Siberian joint business partner)
• Cathay Pacific
• LAN Airlines
• Malaysia Airlines
• S7 Airlines
Aside from its Oneworld partners, Japan Airlines also has codeshare agreements with these
• Air France
• Air Tahiti Nui
• Bangkok Airways
• China Airlines
• China Eastern Airlines
• JetBlue Airways
• Jetstar Airways
• Korean Air
• Singapore Airlines
• Thai Airways International
• Vietnam Airlines
JAL Cargo ceased dedicated freighter aircraft operations in
October 2010 following over 30 years of service.
It operated both propeller and jet aircraft throughout its
existence, most recently Boeing 747-400s (this includes aircraft
changed from passenger to freighter design) and Boeing 767-
JAL’s passenger aircraft lower deck holds now preserve limited
Boeing 747-100, SR/SUD, 200B, 300, 400
Boeing 767-300F (by JAL Cargo)*
Douglas DC-8-30, 50, 60
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-40
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
McDonnell Douglas MD-87
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
*JAL Cargo additionally operated freighter versions of the Boeing 747-100/200/400 and Douglas DC-6/7/8
The JAL livery is known as the tsurumaru (鶴丸), or “crane
It is a representation of a Japanese red-crown crane with its
wings extended in full flight.
Jerry Huff, the creative director at Botsford, Constantine and
Gardner of San Francisco (the advertising organization for JAL
from its beginning) created the Tsurumary JAL logo in 1958;
prior to 1958, JAL used numerous logos.
The airline, when it arranged to acquire a new DC-8, opted to
design a new official logo to confirm, worldwide, the launch of
their jet service.
Huff was influenced by the personal crests of Samurai families
in designing the logo.
He discovered pages of crowns, such as the crane, in a book
he had been given titled We Japanese; on his decision of the
crane, he writes: “I had faith that it was the perfect symbol for
Japan Air Lines. I found that the Crane myth was all positive—it
mates for life (loyalty), and flies high for miles without tiring
The tsurumaru livery was used until 2002, when a livery called
the “Arc of the Sun” replaced it; featured on this livery was the
design of a rising sun on a creamy parchment-colored
JAL is a strong advocate of UNICEF and shows its support by
displaying a “We support UNICEF” logo on every aircraft.
After its company reorganization on 19 January 2011, JAL said
it would return to the traditional tsurumaru logo from 1 April
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