Outbuildings

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History of typical residential outbuildings and tips for designing new outbuildings to complement historic homes.

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Outbuildings

  1. 1. History And design<br />Outbuildings forHistoric Homes<br />
  2. 2. Outbuildings<br />Definition: A detached building subordinate to a main building<br />Range from small, rustic, poorly built structures to large, elaborate, high style buildings<br />Early uses for Florida outbuildings concentrated on separation of functions<br />Heat<br />Dirt<br />Odors<br />
  3. 3. Typical Florida Residential Historic Outbuildings<br />Farm uses<br />Livestock<br />Agriculture<br />Detached Kitchen<br />Outhouse<br />Carriage House<br />Pump House<br />Laundry<br />Servants Quarters<br />Chapel<br />Storage<br /><ul><li>Garage
  4. 4. Garage Apartment
  5. 5. Apartment/ Cottage
  6. 6. Tool Shed
  7. 7. Potting Shed
  8. 8. Workshop</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Uses<br />Dudley Farm Historic State Park<br />18 buildings on site, including:<br />Main house<br />Detached Kitchen<br />Worker housing<br />Laundry room<br />Tobacco Barn<br />Dairy Shed<br />Sweet Potato Cellar<br />General Store<br />Post Office<br />Barn<br />Cane syrup complex<br />Cattle Dip vat<br />
  9. 9. Common Historic Uses, no longer needed<br />Outhouse<br />Pump House<br />Carriage House<br />Laundry<br />Servant quarters<br />Barns, chicken coops, stables, etc.<br />Change in property use<br />Change in farming techniques<br />Business uses<br />Tarpon Springs sponge drying sheds<br />Can often be adapted to new uses due to the simple nature of the structures<br />
  10. 10. Common Historic Uses, still in use<br />Garages<br />Garage Apartments<br />Cottage Apartments<br />Sheds<br />
  11. 11. Garages<br />Natural evolution from the carriage house<br />Recognized as a separate type of outbuilding by 1912<br />Detached due to fire concerns as well as fumes<br />Generally set to the rear of the lot<br />Subdivisions incorporate alley access<br />Bungalow Courts<br />Designed to hold one or more vehicles<br />
  12. 12. Garage Design<br />Available from mail order catalogs<br />Early garages had double swinging doors<br />Sliding track doors<br />Overhead doors invented in 1921 by C. G. Johnson (Overhead Door Company)<br />Also invented electric garage door opener in 1926<br />Can match the main house or be different style<br />Wood, metal, brick, stucco all common<br />
  13. 13. Mail Order Garages<br />
  14. 14. Attached Garages<br />As cars became safer and lot sizes changed, the garage moved closer to the house<br />By the mid 1920s, designs with attached garages were seen in mail order catalogs<br />Not compatible with long narrow lots typical in early neighborhoods<br />By the 1940s, attached garages were common<br />Attached carports (portecochere) popular in Florida<br />
  15. 15. 1950s Garages<br />
  16. 16. Garage Apartment/ Cottage Apartment<br />Common in 1920s boom-era Florida suburbs<br />Mission and Mediterranean Revival style as well as Craftsman<br />2-story Garage Apartment w/ parking below and apartment above<br />Cottage Apartments typically 1-story<br />
  17. 17. Sheds<br />Definition: a slight or rude structure built for shelter, storage, etc.<br />Can be adapted to many uses, but most commonly used for tool storage or gardening equipment<br />
  18. 18. Why Keep a Historic Outbuilding<br />Part of home’s history<br />Adds depth to neighborhood character<br />Designed to complement home<br />Adaptable to many uses<br />Extra space!<br />Zoning<br />Setbacks<br />
  19. 19. Why would you want an outbuilding today?<br />Storage<br />Lawnmower, tools, sports equipment, bikes, motorcycle, boat, etc.<br />Home Gym/ Yoga Room<br />Guest House<br />Pool Cabana<br />Outdoor Kitchen<br />Screen Room<br />Play Room<br />Bar/ Entertaining Space<br />Escape<br />Home Office<br />
  20. 20. Designing a New Outbuilding<br />Determine size appropriate for your use<br />Keep the outbuilding visually subordinate to the main building both in size and detail<br />Plan the outbuilding location<br />Make sure the building will not block desirable views (or will block undesirable ones), is not in a flood prone part of the yard, is easily accessible for the intended use, meets local zoning setbacks, and does not interfere with mature trees and landscaping<br />
  21. 21. Designing a New Outbuilding<br />Form<br />Roof shape<br />Roof overhang<br />Soffit/ rafter tail design<br />Proportions<br />
  22. 22. Designing a New Outbuilding<br />Exterior materials<br />Siding material, dimensions<br />Paint in a complementary color<br />Doors and windows<br />Mimic window proportions and configuration<br />Draw from details on existing home<br />
  23. 23. Designing a New Outbuilding<br />Trim/ Details<br />Window and door surrounds<br />Cornerboards<br />Skirtboard<br />Outriggers/ brackets<br />
  24. 24. Designing a New Outbuilding<br />Look around for design inspiration<br />Neighborhoods<br />Historic images<br />Books<br />Web<br />Flickr and other photo sharing sites<br />Think what would have been built during the era your home was constructed<br />
  25. 25. Thanks from Historic Shed!<br />

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