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Choosing Exterior Colors for your Historic Florida House

  1. 1. Choosing Exterior Paint Colors for Your Historic Home
  2. 2. Time to Paint <ul><li>Big impact remodeling project
  3. 3. Most painting projects done for aesthetic reasons
  4. 4. Protects home from the elements </li></ul>The number of colors to choose from makes it a daunting task
  5. 5. You will live with your choices for a long time
  6. 6. Approaches to Choosing Colors for a Historic House <ul><li>Historically Accurate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colors used on your house previously </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historically Appropriate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colors typical for your house type in the era it was constructed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start from Scratch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick colors you like </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Historically Accurate Colors Paint analysis <ul><ul><li>Inspect existing paint record
  8. 8. Porch or other protected area good place to look
  9. 9. Can send off to a lab for detailed analysis </li></ul></ul>Look in areas covered by additions/ renovations Descriptions in letters/ other records
  10. 11. Historically Appropriate Colors <ul><li>Historic color charts
  11. 12. Pattern books from the time period
  12. 13. Photos/ postcards
  13. 14. Most traditional exterior colors emulate building materials, such as stone, brick, tile, stucco, old copper, bronze, and exposed timbers
  14. 15. Colors were trendy but personal taste played a role </li></ul>
  15. 16. Architectural Style Queen Anne, Shingle, Folk Victorian Craftsman, Prairie, Mission, Mediterranean Revival, Tudor Colonial Revival, Minimal Traditional Ranch, Modern/ Contemporary
  16. 17. Victorian Era (1880s-1910s) <ul><li>Combination of neutrals and accent colors </li><ul><li>Dark stain for Shingle Style body w/ lighter trim
  17. 18. Queen Anne typically lighter body, darker trim </li></ul><li>3-6+ colors used depending on degree of ornamentation
  18. 19. Highlight architectural </li></ul>features <ul><ul><li>Dark mulberries, </li></ul></ul>gingers, moss greens, brick reds and buffs
  19. 22. Craftsman/ Bungalows (1920s) <ul><li>Earthtones - Browns, tans, peach, warm greys, burgundy, greens (olive, forest green)
  20. 23. 2-4 colors typical </li><ul><li>Body (may be two colors if two materials used)
  21. 24. Trim (window and door trim, cornerboards, brackets, rafter tails)
  22. 25. Accent (window screens, </li></ul></ul>screen/front door, foundation lattice) <ul><ul><li>Porch deck
  23. 26. (Porch ceiling) </li></ul></ul>
  24. 27. Craftsman/ Bungalow <ul><li>Take existing material colors into consideration such as brick, stone porch piers
  25. 28. Coordinate with roof color
  26. 29. No pastels or jewel tones
  27. 30. Only Slate/ Grey Blues
  28. 31. NO WHITE – only off-whites, creams
  29. 32. Similar schemes for Prairie style but more use of rusts, less burgundys </li></ul>
  30. 35. Simple Formula for Period-Appropriate Craftsman Paint Scheme
  31. 36. Formula for Period-Appropriate Craftsman Paint Scheme <ul><li>Pick an earthtone body color </li><ul><li>Earthtones – Browns, Greens, Greys, Rusts/ Burgundys </li></ul></ul>
  32. 37. Formula for Period-Appropriate Craftsman Paint Scheme <ul><li>Pick a coordinating off-white/ cream trim color </li><ul><li>Accentuate architectural details – soffit and rafter tails should be different colors </li></ul></ul>
  33. 38. Formula for Period-Appropriate Craftsman Paint Scheme <ul><li>Pick a dark accent color </li><ul><li>Black, Forest Green, Burgundy, Brown </li></ul></ul>
  34. 42. Mission/ Med Rev (1920s) <ul><li>Warm pale colors
  35. 43. 2-4 colors </li><ul><li>Body
  36. 44. Trim (window and door trim, cornerboards, brackets)
  37. 45. Accent (window screens, screen/front door)
  38. 46. Porch deck (if not tile) </li></ul><li>Coordinate with tile roof color </li></ul>
  39. 48. Colonial Revival (1880s+) <ul><li>Pale color body for revival homes </li><ul><li>White, pale blue, light grey, yellow, tan </li></ul><li>Trim and windows white or off-white
  40. 49. Contrasting accent color for shutters, doors </li><ul><li>Black, forest green, burgundy, navy blue </li></ul><li>Similar for Minimal Traditional style homes </li></ul>
  41. 51. Ranch (1950s) <ul><li>White trim, windows
  42. 52. White or pastel body colors </li></ul><ul><li>Two-tone body paint schemes </li></ul>
  43. 53. Mid-century Modern (1950-60s) <ul><li>Neutral background with bold accent colors </li></ul>
  44. 55. Starting From Scratch <ul><li>A house you like
  45. 56. An object with colors you like
  46. 57. Paint manufacturer suggestions
  47. 58. Using a color wheel </li></ul>
  48. 59. Color Terminology Hue: The hue is the basis of a color, such as blue or orange. A light blue and a dark blue are of the same hue. Value: The value refers to the darkness or lightness of a color. Dark greens, medium greens, and light greens have different values but the same hue. Shades: Shades are colors with values that are closer to black. Tints: Tints are colors with values that are closer to white.
  49. 60. Color Terminology Primary Colors - Red , Blue , Yellow . These are the basis for all other colors in mixing paints. Secondary Colors – Green , Orange , Violet . Made by mixing equal parts of two primary colors. Tertiary or Intermediate Colors - These colors are formed when a primary color is mixed with an adjacent secondary color. For example, mixing blue with green produces the tertiary color, blue-green. Warm Colors – Reds , Yellows and Oranges Cool Colors – Blues , Greens and Purples
  50. 61. Monochromatic Using just one color, but often containing lighter and darker values of that color, monochromatic color schemes are typically understated, conservative, and sophisticated. An example of this type of color scheme for an exterior paint color selection would be dark green shutters and trim with light green siding. CONSERVATIVE
  51. 63. Complementary These color schemes use two colors that are directly opposite one another on the color wheel, such as yellow and violet, giving complementary color schemes the maximum amount of color contrast. When the exterior paint color selection is done right, complementary color schemes can be both eye-catching and aesthetically pleasing. LIVELY
  52. 66. Adjacent This type of color scheme uses colors that are next to one another on the color wheel, usually with one dominant color and two accent colors. Your exterior paint color selection in this system could be blue, blue-green, and green.
  53. 69. Triadic Triadic color schemes use three colors that are equidistant on the color wheel. An example of a triadic exterior paint color selection is blue-green, yellow-orange, and red-violet. VIVID
  54. 71. Taking the Plunge <ul><li>Try paint samples on the house </li></ul><ul><li>Colors may look lighter, washed out in bright sunshine
  55. 72. Flat body paint, semi-gloss or gloss for accent and trim </li></ul>There are a lot of “RIGHT” Color Choices
  56. 73. The Best Color Choices in the World Won't Bail Out a Poor Paint Job <ul><li>Most important part of painting is not painting, it's prep
  57. 74. A poorly prepped paint job will fail prematurely
  58. 75. Lead paint </li></ul>
  59. 76. Proper Prep <ul><li>Wash lightly – no power washing wood – clean w/ hose and brush </li><ul><li>No painting until completely dry </li></ul><li>Remove loose paint </li><ul><li>Hand scrape
  60. 77. Heat gun
  61. 78. Infrared remover
  62. 79. Paint shaver
  63. 80. Chemical removers </li></ul></ul>
  64. 81. Proper Prep <ul><li>Sand – buff out edges of rough paint (wear a respirator)
  65. 82. Repair damaged wood through replacement or patching </li><ul><li>Epoxies
  66. 83. Wood patch for exterior use </li></ul><li>Prime bare wood </li><ul><li>Acrylic primer works better in Florida with modern formulations (oils attract mildew quicker)
  67. 84. Can tint primer </li></ul><li>Caulk </li></ul>
  68. 85. Proper Painting <ul><li>Acrylics are flexible like wood, less mildew attraction
  69. 86. Spray body but only with caution (overspray, drips, missed spots, thin spots)
  70. 87. Brush trim, windows, etc.
  71. 88. Start at the top and work down
  72. 89. Try not to paint in direct sunlight
  73. 90. Rain showers are not a painter's friend
  74. 91. Minimum two coats – allow to dry between </li></ul>
  75. 92. Presented by