The causes of Christopher Columbus’s
The key events
THE CAUSES OF HIS VOYAGE’S
1. Europeans needed to find a new route to the spice
islands and to avoid war countries .
2. They saw this as an opportunity to explore and claim
new land .
3. They also saw it as an opportunity to spread
4. There were myths and legends about places in Africa
made out of gold and they wanted to claim this gold
for the king and queen .
5. They wanted to map out the world better and explore
more of the world .
THE CAUSES OF HIS VOYAGES
6. He wanted to show people that the world not
7. He promised the king and queen herbs , spices
and gold .
8. Europe was running out of land to conquer and
livestock to eat .
9. On his second voyage he went back to rescue
his men and search for more gold .
o King Ferdinand and queen Isabella of Spain
funded him on his voyage .
o They gave him 3 ships the Nina , the Pinta and
the Santa Maria and 80 -90 men to serve as
crew members on his ships .
o He set sail on the 3rd of August 1492 .
o He found land on the 12th of October 1492 .
o He thought he was in Asia and named the area
the Indies and called the inhabitants Indians .
o At first the native Americans were
pleased to see the visitors as Columbus
gave them cheep presents and bells , but
he also claimed their land for Spain !!!
o On Christmas night 1493 the Santa Maria
was wrecked it had hit a reef .Columbus left
40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on
Hispaniola ( present-day Haiti and the
Dominic Republic ) , while he returned to
o On his second voyage (1493-96) he returned to
Hispaniola with 17 ships and over 1000 settlers .
o His third voyage (149-96) ended in disaster when he
was sent back to Spain in chains .He had quarrelled
with the governor of Hispaniola .
o During his fourth voyage (1502-04) he warned a
different governor of Hispaniola about a hurricane
, however the governor did not listen and 24 ships
were lost . Columbus regarded his fourth voyage as
his greatest .
o People from Europe sailed to America to start
colonies. Some wanted to make the natives become
o They began to treat the native Americans badly
,they made many of them work as slaves .
o Columbus sailed to America for the fourth time in
1502 . He was still hoping to land in China . This
time he explored central America . His ships were
too leaky to sail home , so he had to wait a year
before being rescued .
o When he finally got back to Spain he was very sick
and died in 1506
TIME – LINE AND MAPS
born set sail discovered north America returned home second voyage third voyage
12 oct 1492
THE END RESULTS
He inspired Amerigo Vespucci to lead voyages
to the what he called the “New World” , the new
lands were named after him America .
After his voyages more sailors started to keep
He proved the world was not flat but round .
The improvement of their navigational skills
and ship building