Christopher columbus aoife lynch


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Christopher columbus aoife lynch

  1. 1. • Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. • He became an experienced sailor at a young age and went on many voyages. •
  2. 2. • Columbus believed that he could reach the Spice Islands by travelling west instead of east. He studied old maps and decided to embark on a voyage to find out. He also wanted to spread Christianity. He needed funding so he went to Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain. They gave Columbus funding for his voyage, men and three ships and so he set off from the port of Palos with three ships, the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Columbus himself travelled on the Santa Maria. He brought about 90 men.
  3. 3. • Columbus and his men first sailed to the Canary Islands where they took supplies and carried out repairs on the ships. On the 6th of September 1492 they left the Canaries. It was not often ships left the sight of land unless they know where they are going so that fact made this voyage very risky. Many of the crew thought they would never see Spain again. On the 12th of October land was spotted and Columbus went ashore and claimed the land for Spain. He named the Island San Salvador. Because he thought he had reached Asia he named the natives Indians.
  4. 4. • Columbus soon reached Cuba, but he thought is was Japan. From Cuba he sailed to Hispaniola (present day Haiti and Dominican Republic.) On Christmas day the Santa Maria hit a rock and was abandoned. Columbus then decided to return home. He travelled on the Nina. He reached Portugal in March 1493 and soon after returned to Spain. He received a hero's welcome when he returned. He had brought with him some captured Indians and brought back a little gold. The King and Queen were delighted at the prospect of the riches in the lands Columbus had discovered so they agreed to a second voyage to claim these lands for Spain.
  5. 5. • Columbus urged Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to protect the new discoveries and so Portugal and Spain decided to split the new lands. They drew a line through the Atlantic ocean and whatever was west of the line belonged to Spain and what was east went to Portugal. This was the Treaty of Tordesillas and it came into action in 1494.
  6. 6. • In all Columbus sailed three further voyages. He explored Central and South America but never North America. He discovered Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, Panama and the mouth of the Orinoco River. Although he made all these discoveries Columbus never discovered the passage to the East, although he discovered what was called the New World. His discoveries later inspired many explorers to travel west . He died in 1506 at Valladolid.