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CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
(1451-1506)
CONTENTS
o Early Life
o Voyages
o Columbus’ beliefs
o Discovery of America
o Discovery of America continued
o Second Voyag...
EARLY LIFE
o Columbus was born in Genoa on October 31 1451.
o He had three brothers called Bartolommeo, Giovanni
Pellegrin...
VOYAGES
COLUMBUS’ BELIEFS
o Columbus believed the earth was the

shape of a pear.
o He believed by sailing west he could reach
Asi...
DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
o On August 3 1492 Columbus set sail.
o He had a fleet of three ships:
1. The Nina - caravel
2. The P...
DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
o They spent the next three months
in the area we now know to be the
Caribbean.

o He returned to Eur...
SECOND VOYAGE
o On the 24 September 1493 Columbus set sail with seventeen ships carrying
1,200 men.
o The exact course of ...
THIRD VOYAGE
o On 30 May 1498, Columbus left with six ships.
o After travelling to various islands Columbus returned to Hi...
FOURTH VOYAGE
• In 1502 he set off accompanied by his brother Bartolommeo
and his 13-year-old son Fernando.
• He predicted...
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Christopher columbus aoife gardnier 2 e

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The age of Exploration

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Christopher columbus aoife gardnier 2 e

  1. 1. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (1451-1506)
  2. 2. CONTENTS o Early Life o Voyages o Columbus’ beliefs o Discovery of America o Discovery of America continued o Second Voyage o Third Voyage o Fourth Voyage
  3. 3. EARLY LIFE o Columbus was born in Genoa on October 31 1451. o He had three brothers called Bartolommeo, Giovanni Pellegrino, and Giacomo. o He was at sea from an early age. In fact he claims to have gone to the sea at the age of 10! o Columbus was an educated man. He learned Latin, Portuguese and Castilian, and read widely about astronomy, geography, and history. o Columbus also showed a keen interest in the Bible.
  4. 4. VOYAGES
  5. 5. COLUMBUS’ BELIEFS o Columbus believed the earth was the shape of a pear. o He believed by sailing west he could reach Asia. o He first asked the King of Portugal to sponsor his journey but was denied. o He then asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain and was granted permission.
  6. 6. DISCOVERY OF AMERICA o On August 3 1492 Columbus set sail. o He had a fleet of three ships: 1. The Nina - caravel 2. The Pinta - caravel 3. The Santa Maria - nao o They sailed west for over 2 months without spotting land. o On October 12 1492 land was sighted. o Columbus went ashore and named the land San Salvador, still convinced it was India. o They came into contact with Native Americans thinking they were Indians
  7. 7. DISCOVERY OF AMERICA o They spent the next three months in the area we now know to be the Caribbean. o He returned to Europe after losing many of his men to scurvy. o The people of Spain were amazed to see him return. o His return encouraged many other sailors to sail west also.
  8. 8. SECOND VOYAGE o On the 24 September 1493 Columbus set sail with seventeen ships carrying 1,200 men. o The exact course of Columbus's voyage is not known but he discovered and named several islands, including:  Antigua (after a church in Seville, Spain, called Santa Maria la Antigua, meaning "Old St. Mary's")  Redonda (Santa Maria la Redonda, Spanish for "St. Mary the Round", owing to the island's shape)  Nevis (from the Spanish Nuestra Senora de las Nieves, "Our Lady of the Snows", because Columbus thought the clouds over Nevis Peak made the island resemble a snow-capped mountain)  Saint Kitts (for St. Christopher, patron of sailors and travellers)  Montserrat (for Santa Maria de Montserrate, after the Blessed Virgin of the Monastery of Montserrat, which is located on the Mountain of Montserrat, in Catalonia, Spain)
  9. 9. THIRD VOYAGE o On 30 May 1498, Columbus left with six ships. o After travelling to various islands Columbus returned to Hispaniola. o There, he got into an argument with the governor, appointed by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. o He was arrested, and transported in chains to Spain. o He was eventually freed and allowed to return to the New World. o It was not a very successful voyage.
  10. 10. FOURTH VOYAGE • In 1502 he set off accompanied by his brother Bartolommeo and his 13-year-old son Fernando. • He predicted a hurricane was on the way so he stopped at Hispaniola to take shelter. • He warned the governor who didn’t believe him. • The hurricane struck taking out 29 of the 30 ships in the governor's fleet and 500 lives (including that of the governor). • Columbus considered his last voyage to be his greatest.

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