o Early Life
o Columbus’ beliefs
o Discovery of America
o Discovery of America continued
o Second Voyage
o Third Voyage
o Fourth Voyage
o Columbus was born in Genoa on October 31 1451.
o He had three brothers called Bartolommeo, Giovanni
Pellegrino, and Giacomo.
o He was at sea from an early age. In fact he claims to have
gone to the sea at the age of 10!
o Columbus was an educated man. He learned Latin,
Portuguese and Castilian, and read widely about
astronomy, geography, and history.
o Columbus also showed a keen interest in the Bible.
o Columbus believed the earth was the
shape of a pear.
o He believed by sailing west he could reach
o He first asked the King of Portugal to sponsor his journey but
o He then asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain and
was granted permission.
DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
o On August 3 1492 Columbus set sail.
o He had a fleet of three ships:
1. The Nina - caravel
2. The Pinta - caravel
3. The Santa Maria - nao
o They sailed west for over 2 months without spotting land.
o On October 12 1492 land was sighted.
o Columbus went ashore and named the land San Salvador, still
convinced it was India.
o They came into contact with Native Americans thinking they
DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
o They spent the next three months
in the area we now know to be the
o He returned to Europe after losing many of his men to scurvy.
o The people of Spain were amazed to see him return.
o His return encouraged many other sailors to sail west also.
o On the 24 September 1493 Columbus set sail with seventeen ships carrying
o The exact course of Columbus's voyage is not known but he discovered and
named several islands, including:
Antigua (after a church in Seville, Spain, called Santa Maria la Antigua, meaning "Old St. Mary's")
Redonda (Santa Maria la Redonda, Spanish for "St. Mary the Round", owing to the island's shape)
Nevis (from the Spanish Nuestra Senora de las Nieves, "Our Lady of the Snows", because Columbus
thought the clouds over Nevis Peak made the island resemble a snow-capped mountain)
Saint Kitts (for St. Christopher, patron of sailors and travellers)
Montserrat (for Santa Maria de Montserrate, after the Blessed Virgin of the Monastery of Montserrat,
which is located on the Mountain of Montserrat, in Catalonia, Spain)
o On 30 May 1498, Columbus left with six ships.
o After travelling to various islands Columbus returned to Hispaniola.
o There, he got into an argument with the governor, appointed by
Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
o He was arrested, and transported in chains to Spain.
o He was eventually freed and allowed to return to the New World.
o It was not a very successful voyage.
• In 1502 he set off accompanied by his brother Bartolommeo
and his 13-year-old son Fernando.
• He predicted a hurricane was on the way so he stopped at
Hispaniola to take shelter.
• He warned the governor who didn’t believe him.
• The hurricane struck taking out 29 of the 30 ships in the
governor's fleet and 500 lives (including that of the governor).
• Columbus considered his last voyage to be his greatest.