The lessons of the passover (week 9)


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The lessons of the passover (week 9)

  1. 1. The Lessons of thePassover…7 images of Jesus the MessiahLesson IX… The Sabbath and the Feasts Series
  2. 2. LESSON 1: The Lesson of Lamb’s Selection
  3. 3. The Lamb’s Selection…It had to be from their own flock – a healthy male yearlingThey were to examine it for 4 days (Deut. 15:21)What affect do you think this had on the household?
  4. 4. The Lamb’s Selection… They fed & cared for lamb (4) days They grew attached to the lambThey may have even named it…the lamb had a unique identity that they recognized Do you think they enjoyed eating it?
  5. 5. JESUS is the Lamb of God He wasHe was He was found Peopleselected examined perfect and had from for 4 days without followed among before the and grownHis own He was blemish of attached sin to Him people slain (Matt. 19:1-2) (John 18:38)
  6. 6. The Lesson of the Lamb’s Judgment LESSON II
  7. 7. Lesson II: The Lamb’s Judgment Passover lamb was born & selected for a purpose Passover lamb wasPassover lamb slain identified and& roasted with fire marked for death
  9. 9. JESUS in the Lamb’s JudgmentHe was foreknown & foreordained to die 1 Peter 1:19-20He was led like a lamb to the slaughter Isaiah 53:7
  10. 10. “…but with the precious blood of Christ , a lamb without blemish or defect. He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake.” 1 Peter 1:19-20
  11. 11. “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; He was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so He did not open His mouth .”Isaiah 53:7-some secular scholars used to teach that there weremultiple versions of Isaiah written after the death of Christ to fit theevents…but in 1948 we found a complete copy of Isaiah intact with theDead Sea Scrolls…it was just as you read it today in your Bible
  12. 12. FIRE IN SCRIPTURE Fire in scripture is symbolic of God’s Judgment God brought down fire on Sodom & Gomorrah Aaron’s sons Nadab & Abihu were consumed by fire for approaching God inappropriately Jesus warns against the fires of hell
  13. 13. JESUS in the Lamb’sJudgment Messiah would suffer fire & wrath of God’s judgment [Is. 53:10-11] God made Him to be sin for us [2 Cor. 5:21] So intense was God’s judgment that Jesus cried out, “My God, My God why hast thou forsaken me?” Was it just pain from physical judgment?
  14. 14. None of the Bones of theLamb Were to be Broken… “It (the lamb) is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring forth any of the flesh outside of the house nor are you to break any bone of it.” Exodus 12:46
  15. 15. THE PASSOVER LAMB THE LAMB OF GOD Passover Lamb – No  Jesus was battered & broken bones bruised but no bones were Exodus 12:46 broken  John 19:31-36 JESUS- the Lamb- God’sJudgment fell on Him instead of us
  16. 16. No Bones Were Broken“Then the Jews…so that the bodies would not remain onthe cross on the Sabbath…asked Pilate that the legs bebroken…so the soldiers came and broke the legs of the1st man…but coming to Jesus when they saw He wasalready dead, they did not break His legs. But one of thesoldiers pierced His side and immediately blood andwater came out…For these things came to pass to fulfillthe Scriptures… John 19:31-36
  17. 17. Lesson of the Lamb’s JudgmentPassover lamb is a type, a foreshadowingof Jesus, the true Lamb of GodOver 30 times in Scripture Jesus is called“The Lamb of God”-A clear reference to Jesusas our Passover LambJesus was judged in our place just as it waspredicted in the Scripture
  19. 19. Moishe & Ceil Rosen point out something interesting in KJVabout the Passover Lamb (Ex. 12:3- 5)-turn there with me…
  20. 20. The Lamb’s Personalization and AppropriationIn Ex. 12:3 – God tells Israelites to take “a lamb” Lamb is unknown to them at that point, but It had to meet God’s criteria, and They had to search for it
  21. 21. The Lamb’s Personalization and AppropriationIn Ex. 12:4 - God refers to lamb as “The Lamb”Now we have found “The Lamb” after our search It is the unique one that is set apart It meets all of God’s criteria
  22. 22. Lesson of The Lamb’s Personalization In Exodus 12:5 – God refers to the lamb as “YOUR LAMB” It is personal now Each redeemed soul had to appropriate a lamb for himself God identifies the lamb with the person who finds and appropriates it
  23. 23. Paul reminds us of thispersonal appropriation inGalatians… “I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live but Christ lives in me, and the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.” Galatians 2:20
  24. 24. The Lamb’s Personalizationand appropriation… The one who loved me “I now live by • The one gave Himself up for faith” me personally • Faith in the Son, the • The one Who took my sin “It is Christ” Lamb upon Himself • The appropriated • Faith that I am alive • The one Who endured lamb, my lamb – who to Christ ridicule and rejection and the lives in me • I put my faith in cross for me • I am dead to self Christ because He • The one Who conquered the “No longer • I am empowered by is the one who grave and sin and death and rose from the dead for me I who live” His Holy Spirit loved me enough to die for me • The one Who lives so I can • It is about His • To myself agenda not mine live also in eternity with Him irresponsibly and • The one who has prepared a selfishly place for me in Heaven • Alone and misguided
  25. 25. Jewish people knew thatsacrifice of the lamb was: 1. A personal responsibility and appropriation 2. A 1st step of liberation 3. The sacrifice & covering of the blood was the 1st step in the journey
  26. 26. Lesson IV: The Lesson of the Bitter Herbs
  27. 27. “They shall eat the flesh thatsame night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.” Exodus 12:8
  28. 28. In Scripture bitterness often symbolizes hardship or death….“They made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.” Exodus 1:14
  29. 29. The Lesson of the BitterHerbs  Reminds them of bitterness Israelites suffered in bondage.  During Seder – Maror (bitter herbs) eaten twice – alone & with Matzah in a sandwich  Jews were reminded that they escaped bitterness of Egypt and death  They lived and escaped God’s judgment because the lamb died instead
  30. 30. Similarly…Our Lesson fromthe bitter Herbs is That… We also were caught in the bitterness and bondage of our own Egypt Because Jesus the Lamb died, we also appropriated His blood personally and we escaped sin and death We also escaped the bitterness of sin anddeath because God’s judgment fell on Jesus We also were liberated and received life
  32. 32. Unleavened Bread They…entire community…ate the Passover lamb with bitter herbs and unleavened bread Then they ate no more leaven for 7 days They were to clean or purge their houses of leaven and those who didn’t would be “cut off” [Exodus 12:14-16]…Any NT parallels or implications for us today?...See [1Cor. 5:9-13]
  33. 33. Q: What Does Leaven Symbolize inScripture? A: SIN!
  34. 34. Lesson of Unleavened Bread After appropriating the blood of the Lamb…the believer is to put away the leaven (sin) of his old life…to purge it They were to “cut off” from fellowship those who refused to purge the leaven
  35. 35. Leaven…1. Was part of everyday life and its effects had obvious meaning2. Hebrew word for leaven “chometz” means “bitter” or “sour”3. Sin makes people bitter and sour4. Leaven causes dough to rise & creates the appearance of volume…but5. It’s not really more in substance or weight but only in air that puffs it up
  36. 36. Reminds me of Paul’swords about being puffedup…  “Now … we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge makes arrogant (puffs up in some translations), but love edifies. If anyone supposes that he knows anything, he has not yet known as he ought to know; but if anyone loves God, he is known by Him.” (1 Cor. 8:1-3)
  37. 37. Lesson of the Leaven What kind of sin is it when knowledge makes you arrogant?
  38. 38. PRIDE  Often it’s the result of ability, wealth or knowledge we believe is “superior”  It causes people to be puffed up, putting themselves above others  What effect does pride have on relationships?  Do you like being around prideful people for very long?
  39. 39. In: The Abolition of Man C.S. Lewis uses the chest as a metaphor for the center of man’s magnanimity, emotion and compassion. He argues that it (the chest) is what makes man human. It is a mitigating force between the intellect and the appetite.
  40. 40. From: The Abolition ofMan According to Lewis modernism & secularism… “produce men without chests. It is an outrage that they should be commonly spoken of as intellectuals. This gives them the chance to say that he who attacks them attacks intelligence. It is not so. It is not the excess of thought but defect of fertile and generous emotion that marks them out. Their heads are no bigger than ordinary, it is just the atrophy of the chest beneath that makes it seem so.” C.S. Lewis
  41. 41. THE APOSTLE PAUL’S VERSION… “If I speak with the tongues of men and ofangels but do not have love, I have become a noisygong or a clanging symbol. If I have the gift ofprophecy and know all mysteries and all knowledgeand if I have all faith so as to remove mountains butdo not have love, I am nothing.” (1 Cor. 13: 1-2)
  42. 42.  ANOTHER PROBLEM WITH PRIDE… QUESTION: What is usually the cynic’s charge against the church…the thing people sometimes see in the church that they say causes them to stay away? It is a form of leaven and a form of pride…
  43. 43. Lesson of the Leaven Jesus warned against the leaven of the Pharisees when he said to his disciples in Luke 12:1: “…beware the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.”
  44. 44. Lesson of the Leaven A hypocrite says one thing publically and does another privately…Pride says, “I am above the rules; they don’t apply to me. I’ll hold others accountable but not me. I’m special or exempt.” Jesus warns that all hypocrisy (sin) will be exposed one day … Question: Besides double standards there are many other ways pride can lead to hypocrisy…C.S. Lewis wrote these things about pride: “A man is never so proud as when striking an attitude of humility.” or “…to avoid a man because he is wicked-with the all but inevitable implication that you are less wicked (at least in some respect)- is dangerous and disgusting .” Pride is deceptive to the proud. We don’t always recognize it in ourselves; we can’t.