• What is a standard?
• Types of standards
• characteristics for a quality curriculum standards
• The 5 C’s
• Teacher and Learner Roles
• Some characteristics of Standards-based
What is a standard?
• A statement of what students should know and be
able to do and demonstrate at the end of the
process at each level.
• The Standards can be used as a reference point
for planning, teaching and learning programs, and
for assessing student progress.
: learning outcomes, learning objectives,
learning targets, competencies
Standards should be clear, straightforward,
observable, measurable, and well-articulated.
What is a Standards Based
• A Standards Based curriculum is a body of
knowledge and set of competencies that form the basis for
a quality education.
• It defines what students should know, understand
and be able to do and includes the accompanying teaching
• In education, the term standards-based
refers to systems of instruction,
assessment, grading, and academic
reporting that are based on students
demonstrating, understanding or mastery of
the knowledge and skills they are expected
to learn as they progress through their
Types of standards:
are statements about what learners should know
and be able to do with contents.
show us how the learners
have achieved the standards targeted. They refer
to how learners are meeting a standard and show
the learner’s progress towards meeting a standard.
These standards tell us
how well learners should perform
characteristics for a quality
• Standards are connected to community needs and student
• Empower teachers
• Based on principled procedures
• Flexible and able to change
• Includes time lines for student's learning, development, and
• Describes a whole curriculum
• Hidden curriculum is considered
• Identifies big ideas, concepts, and outcomes
• Includes assessment: formative, summative, diagnosis, and
• Includes ways to satisfy accountability
The SBA is concerned with developing the following
Learners will communicate in both oral and written
forms, interpret both oral and written messages,
show cultural understanding and present oral and
written information to various audiences for a
variety of purposes .Three modes of
communication are involved here: the
interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational
Learners will gain deeper understanding
of their culture(s) and other cultures in
terms of their perspectives (e.g. values,
ideas, attitudes, etc.), practices (pattern
of social interactions), and products (e.g.
books, laws, music, etc).
Learners will make connections with other
Learners will gain awareness of cross-
cultural similarities and differences (in
terms of both languages and culture).
Learners will extend their learning
experiences from the EFL classroom
to the outside world through activities
such as the use of the internet. They
will therefore be made aware that they
live in a global world..
Some characteristics of Standards-based classroom
Classroom climate is characterized by respectful behaviors, routines,
Classroom practices and instruction honor the diversity of interests,
needs, and strengths of all learners.
The teacher ensures that all components of the lesson (e.g., learning
activities, assessment, homework) contribute to the lesson objectives
and to student mastery of the standard(s).
Learning time is maximized for all students.
Instruction activates students’ prior knowledge and experience, and
supplies background knowledge.
Students respond to opportunities provided by the teacher to make
connections between the lesson and personal experience.
American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2000). Middle grades
mathematics textbooks: A benchmarks-based evaluation. Washington,DC.
Nind, M., Rix, J., Sheehy, K., & Simmons, K. (2013). Curriculum and Pedagogy
in Inclusive Education: Values Into Practice. Routledge.
Retrieved January 4, 2007, from