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ACCOMODATION
NAME : Himanshu Hemant Habde
CLASS : IV yr Bhmct
TOPIC : Types Of Flooring Used In Hotels
INTRODUCTION
Flooring for a hotel has to be many things. It needs to be
attractive, durable, easy to maintain and cost eff...
CARPETS
Carpet is a common choice for hotel flooring, particularly in
the colder climates. It is absorbent, so it can stai...
CARPET FLOORING
EXAMPLES
HOW CARPET IS MADE
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper
layer of pile attached to a backi...
TYPES OF CARPETS
WOVEN : The carpet is produced on
a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile
can be plush or Berber. ...
WOVEN CARPETS
NEEDLE FLETS
Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting
individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked
ne...
KNOTTED CARPETS
The warp threads are set up on the
frame of the loom before weaving
begins. A number of weavers may work
t...
KNOTTED CARPETS
TUFTED CARPETS
These are carpets that have their pile injected into
a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a
s...
OTHERS
A flat weave carpet is created by interlocking warp
(vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. Types of
oriental fla...
FIBRES & YARNS
Carpet can be formulated from many
single or blended natural and synthetic
fibres. Fibres are chosen for du...
NYLON
Since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the
construction of carpets. Both nylon 6 and ...
POLYPROPYLENE
Polypropylene carpets are known to have good stain resistance, but not
against oil- based agents. If a stain...
WOOL&WOOL-BLENDS
Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily
and is fairly abundant. When blended with
synthetic fib...
POLYESTER
The polyester known as "PET" (polyethylene terephthalate)
is used in carpet manufacturing in both spun and filam...
ACRYLIC
Acrylic is a synthetic material first created by the Dupont Corporation in 1941 but
has gone through various chang...
LAMINATE AND VINYL FLOORING
Other popular choices for hotels are laminate and vinyl
flooring. They serve both the purposes...
LAMINATE & VINYL FLOORING
RUBBER FLOORING
Rubber flooring is naturally hygienic and water-proof. It offers the sound
proofing, cushioning and insula...
RUBBER FLOORING EXAMPLES
RUBBER FLOORING
CERAMIC TILES
Ceramic tile is another choice that offers durability and aesthetic
values. It is easy to clean and maintain...
EXAMPLES
GLASS FLOORING
Glass floors are made
with transparent glass when it is useful to
view something from above or below;
where...
GLASS FLOORING EXAMPLES
GLASS FLOORING
MAPLE WOOD FLOORING
Maple hardwood flooring is a dense, durable product that looks beautiful in a
range of decorating styl...
MAPLEWOOD FLOORING
EXAMPLES
CREAMY WHITE MAPLEWOOD
TERRAZZO (MARBLE CHIPS)
FLOORING
This is another type of popular floor, commonly recommended for
bathrooms, dining rooms, ...
MARBLE FLOORING
Marble is a natural stone, and when properly finished it can be
transformed into beautiful flooring. Marbl...
CORK FLOORING
It is a natural material obtained from the outer
bark of cork oak tree. It is available in the form
of color...
THANK YOU !!
FOR YOUR TIME
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Flooring Used In Hotels - Accomodation

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Various types of flooring's used in various hotel areas!

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Flooring Used In Hotels - Accomodation

  1. 1. ACCOMODATION NAME : Himanshu Hemant Habde CLASS : IV yr Bhmct TOPIC : Types Of Flooring Used In Hotels
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Flooring for a hotel has to be many things. It needs to be attractive, durable, easy to maintain and cost effective. You want the high volume traffic areas to withstand the daily pounding and the flooring to still look as good as it did the day it was installed. With all that these floors are expected to do, it can be hard to find flooring that will fit the bill. Luckily, with today's technology, even traditional floors have been updated to address the requirements needed in hotel flooring.
  3. 3. CARPETS Carpet is a common choice for hotel flooring, particularly in the colder climates. It is absorbent, so it can stain, but the luxury and warmth it provides still makes this a popular choice. Carpet is one of the best insulators against sound which can be an important factor in a hotel setting. It can be one of the least expensive flooring options, depending on the quality. Installation is usually done in less time than other alternatives. However, carpet does need replacement more often than the other choices.
  4. 4. CARPET FLOORING
  5. 5. EXAMPLES
  6. 6. HOW CARPET IS MADE A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile was traditionally made from wool, but, since the 20th century, synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester are often used, as these fibers are less expensive than wool. Carpets can be produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric, made using needle felts, knotted by hand (in oriental rugs), made with their pile injected into a backing material (called tufting), flat woven, made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric or embroidered. Carpet is commonly made in widths of 12 feet (3.7 m) and 15 feet (4.6 m) in the USA, 4 m and 5 m in Europe.
  7. 7. TYPES OF CARPETS WOVEN : The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile. There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting.These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process. These are very famous in India, Pakistan and Arabia.
  8. 8. WOVEN CARPETS
  9. 9. NEEDLE FLETS Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic.
  10. 10. KNOTTED CARPETS The warp threads are set up on the frame of the loom before weaving begins. A number of weavers may work together on the same carpet. A row of knots is completed and cut. The knots are secured with (usually one to four) rows of weft. The warp in woven carpet is usually cotton and the weft is jute.
  11. 11. KNOTTED CARPETS
  12. 12. TUFTED CARPETS These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. The pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures. This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world.
  13. 13. OTHERS A flat weave carpet is created by interlocking warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. Types of oriental flat woven carpet include kilim, soumak, plain weave, and tapestry weave. Types of European flatwoven carpets include Venetian, Dutch, damask, list, haircloth, and ingrain (aka double cloth, two-ply, triple cloth, or three-ply).
  14. 14. FIBRES & YARNS Carpet can be formulated from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibres. Fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost. In terms of scale of production, the dominant yarn constructions are polyamides (nylons) and polypropylene with an estimated 90% of the commercial market.
  15. 15. NYLON Since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the construction of carpets. Both nylon 6 and nylon 6-6 are used. Nylon can be dyed topically or dyed in a molten state (solution dying). Nylon can be printed easily and has excellent wear characteristics. Due to nylon's excellent wear-resistance, it is widely used in industrial and commercial carpeting. In carpets, nylon tends to stain easily because of the dye sites which exist on the fiber. These dye sites need to be filled in order to give nylon carpet any type of stain resistance. As nylon is petroleum-based it varies in price with the price of oil.
  16. 16. POLYPROPYLENE Polypropylene carpets are known to have good stain resistance, but not against oil- based agents. If a stain does set, it can be difficult to clean. Commercial grade carpets can be glued directly to the floor or installed over a 1/4" thick, 8-pound density padding. Outdoor grass carpets are usually made from polypropylene. Polypropylene is used to produce carpet yarns because it is inexpensive.These carpets are suitable for low traffic areas such as offices.
  17. 17. WOOL&WOOL-BLENDS Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily and is fairly abundant. When blended with synthetic fibers such as nylon the durability of wool is increased. Blended wool yarns are extensively used in production of modern carpet, with the most common blend being 80% wool to 20% synthetic fiber, giving rise to the term "80/20". Wool is relatively expensive and consequently it only comprises a small portion of the market.
  18. 18. POLYESTER The polyester known as "PET" (polyethylene terephthalate) is used in carpet manufacturing in both spun and filament constructions. After the price of raw materials for many types of carpet rose in the early 2000s, polyester became more competitive. Polyester has good physical properties and is inherently stain-resistant because it is hydrophobic, and, unlike nylon, does not have dye sites. Colour is infused in a molten state (solution dyeing). Polyester has the disadvantage that it tends to crush or mat down easily. It is typically used in mid- to low-priced carpeting.
  19. 19. ACRYLIC Acrylic is a synthetic material first created by the Dupont Corporation in 1941 but has gone through various changes since it was first introduced. In the past, acrylic carpet used to fuzz or "pill" easily. This happened when the fibres degraded over time and short strands broke away with contact or friction. Over the years, new types of acrylics have been developed to alleviate some of these problems, although the issues have not been completely removed. Acrylic is fairly difficult to dye but is colourfast, washable, and has the feel and appearance of wool, making it a good rug fabric.
  20. 20. LAMINATE AND VINYL FLOORING Other popular choices for hotels are laminate and vinyl flooring. They serve both the purposes of practicality and aesthetics. They are easy to clean, stain resistant and durable. The choices are vast as they are made in a variety of designs and colors. The replications of natural material can offer an inexpensive way to have the look of a more expensive floor covering. This choice allows you to have the look of wood, marble, slate, rock or brick for a fraction of the cost of the real thing.
  21. 21. LAMINATE & VINYL FLOORING
  22. 22. RUBBER FLOORING Rubber flooring is naturally hygienic and water-proof. It offers the sound proofing, cushioning and insulating properties to the rooms of a hotel. It is easy to clean, stain-resistant and very durable and stands up well in areas of high traffic. It is not the most luxurious looking choice but it will fit in well when going for the industrial minimalist look that is popular today. It is reasonably priced and can last longer than many of the other options.
  23. 23. RUBBER FLOORING EXAMPLES
  24. 24. RUBBER FLOORING
  25. 25. CERAMIC TILES Ceramic tile is another choice that offers durability and aesthetic values. It is easy to clean and maintain. These tiles are easily replaced if one should get damaged. A ceramic tile floor adds a feeling of quality and value to any room. This flooring is one of the most expensive offered but it also lasts longer than most. The variety of colors and shapes available can offer options for any type of decor.
  26. 26. EXAMPLES
  27. 27. GLASS FLOORING Glass floors are made with transparent glass when it is useful to view something from above or below; whereas translucent glass is used when there is no need to view through. In either case, toughened glass is usually chosen, for its durability and resistance to breakage.Usually made of a toughened glass which is also laminated for structural strength, a transparent floor is most
  28. 28. GLASS FLOORING EXAMPLES
  29. 29. GLASS FLOORING
  30. 30. MAPLE WOOD FLOORING Maple hardwood flooring is a dense, durable product that looks beautiful in a range of decorating styles in your home, from traditional to contemporary. Its light- to medium-brown hues give a clean, refined look to your floors. Maple flooring is also easy to maintain. Perhaps our most popular hardwood, domestic Maple flooring brings a rich combination of color tones to any design scheme from creamy white to light reddish brown. Its gracefully flowing grains and robust resistance to impact makes this unrivalled flooring that looks great natural or with a stain. It has a cream-white heartwood with a reddish tinge and fine brown lines. Maple flooring is suitable for all domestic and most commercial projects and is a very popular commonly used for high- end refurbishments and restoration
  31. 31. MAPLEWOOD FLOORING EXAMPLES
  32. 32. CREAMY WHITE MAPLEWOOD
  33. 33. TERRAZZO (MARBLE CHIPS) FLOORING This is another type of popular floor, commonly recommended for bathrooms, dining rooms, offices, hospitals, etc. Terrazzo is actually a concrete surface with special type of aggregates of marble embedded in it.
  34. 34. MARBLE FLOORING Marble is a natural stone, and when properly finished it can be transformed into beautiful flooring. Marble flooring is one of the most luxurious and sophisticated floorings to install in a home.
  35. 35. CORK FLOORING It is a natural material obtained from the outer bark of cork oak tree. It is available in the form of colored tiles or sheets. This type of flooring is not commonly used in India.
  36. 36. THANK YOU !! FOR YOUR TIME

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