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Deconstructive study of The Ramayana.

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Deconstructive study of The Ramayana.

  1. 1. Himanshi Parmar
  2. 2. Date - 6/10/2022 Day - Thursday Time- 02:00 - 04:30 Name - Himanshi Parmar Semester - 3 (Three) Roll Number - 8 Email. Id. - himanshiparmar3004@gmail.com Enrollment number - 4069206420210025 Paper number - 204 Paper name - Contemporary Western Theories and Film Studies. Subject Code - 22409
  3. 3. What is Deconstruction. Points to ponder What is Ramayana. Derrida and Deconstruction. Deconstructive Study of ‘The Ramayana’.
  4. 4. What is deconstruction? According to Oxford Dictionary, "Deconstruction means a method of critical analysis of philosophical and literary language which emphasizes the internal workings of language and conceptual systems, the relational quality of meaning, and the assumptions implicit in forms of expression." The term Deconstruction was originated by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida in the 1960s. The seeds of Deconstruction sprouted from Martin Heideggar (1889-1976). Derrida took reference from Heideggar's project that he wanted to translate into French from German. According to Jacques Derrida, “Deconstruction is not Destruction ”.
  5. 5. Deconstruction doesn't mean to break something, but it is about to analysing something in smaller parts and in a deeper way. Deconstruction by dividing the text into parts, try to break the assumption that text does have one particular meaning. Deconstruction is a form of Literary and Philosophical analysis. In the 1970s the term was applied by Derrida along with Paul de Man, J. Hillis Miller, and Barbara Johnson with other scholars. The term started being use in various fields from 1980s like areas of the humanities, social science,philosophy,literature,law, psychoanalysis, architecture, anthropology, theology, feminism, gay and lesbian studies, political theory, historiography, and film theory.
  6. 6. What is ‘The Ramayana’? ~ Ramayana is the first Sanskrit epic poem by Valmiki. ~ It consists of 24,000 shlokas and seven cantos (kaṇḍas). ~ Ramayana is dated variously from 500 BCE to 100 BCE. ~ It is composed of about 480,002 words, being a quarter of the length of the full text of the Mahabharata or about four times the length of the Iliad. ~ The Ramayana is the story of a prince, Rama of the city of Ayodhya in the Kingdom of Kosala and Dashrath. Whose wife Sita is abducted by Ravana, Demon king of Lanka.
  7. 7. Deconstructive study of Ramayana 1] Sita ‘Swayamvara’ ~ King Janaka, the ruler of Mithila, organises a 'swayamvara' for his daughter Seeta, the princess. However, he challenges the suitors to string Pinaka, the bow of Lord Shiva. ~ Rama wins the competition and marries Sita. ~ Male dominated society.
  8. 8. As a child, Sita used to play with the arrows of lord Shiva that even great kings could not lift. Hence her power is introduced to us. ~But Her dialogue while her kidnapping is contrasting with her action. न व्यपत्रपसे नीच कर्मणानेन रावण। ज्ञात्वा ववरविताां यन्ाां चोरवयत्वा पलायसे।।3.53.3।। O mean Ravana, are you not ashamed of kidnapping me when I was separated (from my husband)? (Aranyakanda, Sarga-53) ~ Husband as a protractor. ~ Weak character 2] Sita’s Kidnapping
  9. 9. ~ Sita as an ideal Wife, Daughter, Daughter in law, Mother and Woman. ~Sita as a sweet-talking Woman. ~ A woman who maintains peace even in trouble. ~ Her misbehavior with Lakshman. इच्छवस त्वां ववनश्यन्तां रार्ां लक्ष्मण र्त्क ृ ते।।3.45.6।। लोभात्त्वां र्त्क ृ ते नूनां नानुगच्छवस राघवर््। (It is possess me that you wish Rama's death. You do not rush to him certainly because of greed for me.) अनायामकरणारम्भ नृशांस क ु लपाांसन।।3.45.21।। अिां तव वियां र्न्ये रार्स्य व्यसनां र्ित्। O ignoble, cruel Lakshmana, you are a disgrace to your family. I think this great disaster of Rama is a pleasure to you.
  10. 10. 4] North - South Conflict ~ Rama, Lakshman, Sita, as a Colonizers. ~ Tribal people of South as a Colonized people. 5] Hanuman as Lakshman’s Saviour ~ Lakshman was Fainted and Hanuman Bring part of mountain from north to save him. ~ For tribal people, Mountain is like their father And Hanuman is a thief who cuts off a part of the mountain and carries it away.
  11. 11. 6] Rama Murdered Vaali
  12. 12. 7] Rama fails as a good husband and father. ~ Sent her wife to forest. ~ Ordeal of sita. ~ ‘Ashvamegh yagna’ by Rama and Sita's idol instead of sita. 8] Ordeal of sita. ~ If Sita has to undergo the ordeal, why not Rama? ~ Patriarchal society. ~Male dominance
  13. 13. Citation Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. "Ramayana". Encyclopedia Britannica, 27 May. 2020, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ramayana-Indian- epic. Accessed 6 October 2022. Valmiki. “Welcome to Valmiki Ramayana: Valmiki Ramayanam.” Welcome to Valmiki Ramayana | Valmiki Ramayanam, IIT Kanpur , Aug. 2005, https://www.valmiki.iitk.ac.in/.
  14. 14. Thank you

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