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On the Job Training

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on the job training
advantages disadvantages methods
Job Rotation
Coaching
Job Instruction
Committee Assignments
Apprenticeship
Mentoring
Understudy

Published in: Education
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On the Job Training

  1. 1. By- Himani Panwar MBA II Sem
  2. 2. On-the-Job Training • Under these methods new or inexperienced employees learn through observing peers or managers performing the job and trying to imitate their behavior. • It allows employees to learn by actually performing a specific job or task. The employee will perform the job and learn as he goes. • These methods do not cost much and are less disruptive as employees are always on the job, training is given on the same machines and experience would be on already approved standards, and above all the trainee is learning while earning.
  3. 3. Example Madhuri hired a new candy wrapper named Jacqueline.  Jacqueline had no experience working in a candy factory. In fact, Jacqueline had no experience working on an assembly line either. As the candies move along the assembly line, Jacqueline learned how to wrap each candy while working alongside a more experienced candy wrapper Madhuri. The more experienced candy wrapper showed Jacqueline exactly how to wrap candies, how to time the assembly line and how to detect irregularly shaped candies. If Jacqueline made a mistake, Madhuri would be able to correct it immediately.
  4. 4. Advantages • Immediate feedback on performance • Swift remediation if task is not performed to standard • Often informal • Highly motivating • Free from artificial classroom situations • Most effective because it is learning by experience • Least expensive
  5. 5. Disadvantages • Trainer may not be experienced enough to train or he may not be so inclined. • It is not systematically organized • Poorly conducted programs may create safety hazards. • Can slow down production for the trainer • Can disrupt the workflow
  6. 6. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • This type of training involves the movement of the trainee from one job to another. • The trainee receives job knowledge and gains experience from his supervisor or trainer in each of the different job assignments. • This method gives an opportunity to the trainee to understand the problems of employees on other jobs and respect them. • It also reduces boredom and allows to develop rapport (a close and harmonious relationship) with a number of people. • Rotation must be logical. (SBI PO)
  7. 7. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • Coaching is a one-to-one training. • The trainee is placed under a particular supervisor who functions as a coach in training the individual. • The supervisor provides feedback to the trainee on his performance and offers him some suggestions for improvement • It helps in quickly identifying the weak areas and tries to focus on them. • It also offers the benefit of transferring theory learning to practice. • A limitation of this method of training is that the trainee may not have the freedom or opportunity to express his own ideas. (Vehicle mechanics)
  8. 8. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • It is a Step by step (structured) on the job training method in which a suitable trainer- (a) prepares a trainee with an overview of the job, its purpose, and the results desired, (b) demonstrates the task or the skill to the trainee, (c) allows the trainee to show the demonstration on his or her own, and (d) follows up to provide feedback and help. (Teachers)
  9. 9. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • Under the committee assignment, group of trainees are given and asked to solve an actual organizational problem. • The trainees solve the problem jointly. • It develops team work. (Restaurants)
  10. 10. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • Apprenticeship is a formalized method of training curriculum program that combines classroom education with on-the-job work under close supervision. • The training curriculum is planned in advance and conducted in careful steps from day to day. • They have to work in direct association with and also under the direct supervision of their masters. • It is an expensive method of training. • There is no guarantee that the trained worker will continue to work in the same organization after securing training. • The apprentices are paid remuneration according the apprenticeship. (Craftsman)
  11. 11. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • The focus in this training is on the development of attitude. • It is used for managerial employees. • Mentoring is always done by a senior inside person. • It is also one-to- one interaction. (Coaching)
  12. 12. Methods Job Rotation Coaching Job Instruction Committee Assignments Apprenticeship Mentoring Understudy • A superior gives training to a subordinate as his understudy like an assistant to a manager or director. • The subordinate learns through experience and observation by participating in handling day to day problems. • Basic purpose is to prepare subordinate for assuming the full responsibilities and duties. (Movie director)

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