Nur Jannah Mohd Radzi 1110664Amir Farid Wan Nordin 1116187 Wan Qurrotu Aini 1113344 Faiqah Rosli 1116662 Asma Nasreddin 1014948
DEFINITION• The United Nations (UN) defines “trafficking in persons” as the: ‘recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or the giving or receiving of payments to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
TYPES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING TYPES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKINGSEX LABOR ORGAN
PURPOSE OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING Illegal Labor activities• Domestic work• Agriculture labor Sexual• Constructio exploitation n work • Forced prostitution • Pornography
THE OPERATION• How do people get trafficked? 1.Abducted/kidnapped 2.Deceived by false advertisement 3.Cheated and drug. 4.Sold by parents 5.Mail-order bride• Why can’t they escape?
THOSE WHO ARE INVOLVED IN HUMAN TRAFFICKING 1. Investors 2. Recruiters 3. Transporters 4. Corrupt public officers 5. Informers6. Supporting personnel and specialist 7. Debt collector and money mover 8. The client
CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING General Causes : 1. Principle of supply and demand 2. Driven by personal interests and benefits 3. Naiveness and deception of the victims due to lack of maturity and experience typically in young adults 4. Trust and betrayal of trust - breached responsibility of entrusted people.
SPECIFIC CAUSES FOR SOURCES1. Poor Economy of the victims2. Weak state structure : Poor law re- enforcement, corruption and infiltration of crime organization.SPECIFIC CAUSES FOR DESTINATION1. Rampant demand of the sex industries2. Multimillion money involved in the crime web3. Corruption.
IMPACTS OF HUMANTRAFFICKING1. Health :• Inadequate nutrition, poor personal hygiene, brutal physical and emotional attacks• May suffer from an array of physical and psychological health issues• Sexually transmitted diseases, psychological trauma, malnourishment, bruises, scars and other signs of physical abuse, infections
Islamic• Prohibition of sexual exploitationPerspective “Who abstain from sex, except with those join t them in the marriage bond, or the captives who their right hands possess - for (in their case) the are free from blame” (23:5-6)• Organ transplantation - Objectives of shariah (maqasid al shariah) - It’s between preservation of religion and life