THE PRESENTERSAINI SYAMILA BINTI ABDUL HALIM 1111830TENGKU FAIZAL BIN TENGKU MOHAMED SHAMSUDDIN 1111485SYED AZRI BIN SYED IBRAHIM 1112561FATIN NAIEMA BINTI MD TAJUDIN 1111820FARANISAH BINTI PANDALAT 1111700
Definition of Arab Spring.-uprisings in the Middle East and NorthAfrica-the countries involved includesa. Tunisiab. Egyptc. Libyad. Yemene. Syria
This presentation will covers all the countriesmentioned earlier, on the basis of the:a. History of the countryb. Factors leading to the revolutionc. Chronology of the revolutiond. Effects of the revolutione. Conclusion
Tunisia.-once ruled by the Ottoman Empire before theFrench took it in 1881-up until the revolution, the contry was ruled byPressident Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987-2011)-started with the protest by Mohamed Bouazizion Dec 17 2010, where he ignited himself inflames.-it is a protest for economic hardship.-after the start of the revolt, Zine ali’s reigncame to an end on Jan 15 2011.-after the revolution, first election was done onOct 23 2011, where moderate islamist partyEnnahda won with it’s leader RachedGhannouchi
Egypt.-ruled by Hosni Mubarak before the revolution.-begin on 25 th Jan 2011, as a sign of solidarityto Khaled Said-after the revolution, elections took place whereDr Mursi is elected as the new president
Libya.-under the monarchy of King Idris before Gaddafioverthrown the king, forming the Libya ArabRepublic-Feb 15/ 16 2011 is the stat of the uprising-UN voted for a no fly zone over Libya.-Gaddafi killed on Oct 20th 2011, ending his rule.
Yemen.-from the combination of the Yemen Arab Republicand People’s Republic of Sothern Yemen, formingthe Republic of Yemen on May 22nd 1990-led by Ali Abdullah Salleh-uprising satrted on January 2011- Feb 2012-battes such as battle of san’aaand battle ofzinjibar-resigned on 27 feb 2012
Syria.-known as the Arab Republic of Syria (1980onwards)-ruled by Hafez al-Assad and now by his sonBasheer al-Assad-uprising started as a result of a domino effectwhich had affected countries in the region-Hassan Ali-Akleh underwent self-immolation on26th Jan 2011.-day of Rage on 15th March 2011-still an ongoing struggle